6 Scholia on Orestes 401–500

Or. 401.01 (vet exeg) ἤρξω δὲ λύσσης πότε: 1καὶ τοῦτο πονηρῶς.  2θέλων γὰρ ἐλέγξαι ὡς θεομισῆ φησιν ‘ἤρξω δὲ λύσσης πότε’.  3ἤθελε γὰρ μαθεῖν εἰ χρόνιόν ἐστι τὸ νόσημα καὶ δυσίατον.   —MBVC

TRANSLATION:   This too (he says) maliciously. For it is because he (Menelaus) wants to convict him (Orestes) of being hated by the gods that he says ‘when did you begin your madness?’ For he wanted to ascertain whether the sickness is longstanding and hard to cure.

LEMMA: MBV, ἤρξω δὲ λύσσης C      REF. SYMBOL: V

APP. CRIT.:   2 μὴ θέλων MVC   |    ἐξελέγξαι τὸν ἀνέψιον B   |    δὲ om. V   |    3 ἐθελ‑ initially M, but corrected   |    δύσ at end of line, om. ιατον V; on next line with ecthesis and enlarged capital, ἄψαυστον followed by three-dot punctuation (usual mark of separation between end of one scholion and lemma of the next)   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐστὶν M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.141,25–27; Dind. II.127,1–3

COMMENT:   Unless there has been a major confusion of two notes expressing different opinions, μὴ θέλων in MVC must be an accidental mistake, or a very clumsy attempt to make Menelaus more kindly toward Orestes. Compare the absence of μὴ in O’s version 401.02.


Or. 401.02 (rec exeg) ⟨ἤρξω δὲ λύσσης πότε⟩: κακοήθως καὶ τοῦτο ἐξετάζει ἵνα εἴσεται εἰ χρόνιον ἐστὶ καὶ ⟨μὴ⟩ ἰάσιμον τὸ νόσημα.  —O

TRANSLATION:   This point too he (Menelaus) examines maliciously, in order to ascertain whether the sickness is longstanding and ⟨not⟩ curable.

APP. CRIT.:   μὴ suppl. Mastr.   |    κακοῆθος O

KEYWORDS:  κακόηθες/κακοήθως


Or. 401.03 (pllgn rhet) [π]αράλληλος [ἡ] δεῖξις.  —F

TRANSLATION:   The demonstration is parallel (or pleonastic).

POSITION: marg.

COMMENT:   This must be a reflection on the essentially similar meanings of the two questions in the line, although one would rather expect ἐκ παραλλήλου αἱ ἐρώτησεις. I find no other combination of παράλληλος (or ἐκ παραλλήλου) with δεῖξις, nor with ἀπόδειξις except in a difficult sentence in Concilium universale Constantinopolitanum tertium (680–681), Concilii actiones I–XVIII, document 11, 504,23–24 + 506,1–4 ἐκ δὲ τῶν τοιούτων συγγραμμάτων πρὸς παράλληλον ἀπόδειξιν τῆς ὁμοφροσύνης τῶν ἤδη προκομισθεισῶν αἱρετικῶν χρήσεων παρὰ τῶν τοῦ μέρους τοῦ ἀποστολικοῦ θρόνου τῆς πρεσβυτέρας Ῥώμης τὰς ἐκ τῶν αὐτῶν συγγραμμάτων προφανεῖς βλασφημίας παρεκβληθῆναι καὶ συνταγῆναι τοῖσδε τοῖς πεπραγμένοις δέον καθέστηκε.


Or. 401.04 (rec gloss) ⟨ἤρξω⟩: σὺ  —AbMnPrR

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 401.05 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἤρξω⟩: ἀρχὴν ἔλαβες  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l., except X

APP. CRIT.:   πότε prep. Aa2


Or. 401.06 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἤρξω⟩: ἀρχὴν πότε ἔλαβες τῆς αὐτῶν ἀνάγκης;  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 401.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἤρξω⟩: ἀρχὴν ἐποιήσω  —CrOxGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἐποίησας CrOx

COLLATION NOTES:   Gu lets Gr’s ἀρχὴν serve.   |


Or. 401.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨λύσσης⟩: μανίας  —CrF2GOxZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ τῆς prep. CrOxZu, τῆς prep. F2


Or. 401.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨λύσσης⟩: τῆς βλάβης  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 401.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πότε⟩: ἀπὸ ποίου χρόνου  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 401.11 (thom gloss) ⟨τίς⟩: ποία  —ZmGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 401.12 (tri metr) ⟨ἡμέρα⟩: long mark over alpha  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 401.13 (pllgn exeg) ⟨τότ’⟩: ὅτε τοῦτο συνέβη σοι  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 401.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἦν⟩: ὑπῆρχεν  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.01 (vet paraphr) ἐν ᾗ τάλαιναν μητέρ’ ἐξώγκουν: ἐν ᾗ ἡμέρᾳ ὑψηλοποίουν τὸ τῆς μητρὸς μνῆμα.  —MVC

TRANSLATION:   On the day on which I built high the tomb of my mother.

LEMMA: MC(μῆτερ), ἐν ᾗ τάλαιναν V      REF. SYMBOL: V

APP. CRIT. 2:   μνήμα M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,1–2; Dind. II.127,9–10


Or. 402.02 (vet paraphr) ⟨ἐν ᾗ τάλαιναν μητέρ’ ἐξώγκουν⟩: ὁ δὲ φησὶν ἐν ᾗ ἡμέρᾳ τὸ τῆς μητρὸς μνῆμα ἐξώγκουν [ταύτην] τιμῶν, καὶ τὸ χῶμα ἐπιβάλλων ὑψηλοποίουν.  —B

TRANSLATION:   He (Orestes) says ‘(it was) on the day on which I heaped up the tomb of my mother, honoring her, and by placing the mound on top I built (it) high’.

POSITION: cont. from sch. 401.01

APP. CRIT.:   ταύτην suppl. Mastr. (damage in B)

APP. CRIT. 2:   ὑψιλοποίουν B   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,1–2 app.; Dind. II.127,3–4


Or. 402.03 (vet exeg) ⟨ἐν ᾗ τάλαιναν μητέρ’ ἐξώγκουν ταφῷ⟩: γράφεται ἐν ᾗ ταλαίνης μητρὸς ἐξώγκουν τάφον.  —MB

TRANSLATION:   There is (also) the reading ‘(day) on which I heaped up the tomb (with accusative instead of dative) of my wretched mother’ (with genitive instead of accusative).

POSITION: cont. from sch. 402.01 M; intermarg. B

APP. CRIT.:   τάλαιναν M, and perhaps μ(ητ)ρ(ὸ)ς corrected to μ(ητέ)ρ’

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,3; Dind. II.127,5–6

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 402.04 (mosch gloss) ἐν ᾗ: ἡμέρᾳ  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcZb1Aa2

LEMMA: X conflates lemma and gloss as beginning of sch. 402.08       POSITION: s.l. except X


Or. 402.05 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐν ᾗ⟩: ἐν ἐκείνῃ  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐν ᾗ⟩: ἀφοῦ  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ᾗ⟩: καὶ ᾗτινι  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἥτινι Ox


Or. 402.08 (mosch paraphr) ⟨τάλαιναν μητέρ’ ἐξώγκουν⟩: τῇ ταλαίνῃ μητρὶ ἐξώγκουν τὸν τάφον  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν prep. T   |    τῇ om. Zc   |    ἐξώγκουν] ἀντίστων G   |    τὸν om. TZc, a.c. Y

COLLATION NOTES:   Ta omits cross.   |


Or. 402.09 (rec exeg) ⟨τάλαιναν μητέρ’⟩: γρ. ταλαίνῃ μητέρι  —KZmB3d

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   γρ. μητέρι Zm, and separately η over (τάλαιν)αν   |   γρ. om. B3d

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 402.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τάλαιναν⟩: τὴν ἀθλίαν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.11 (rec artGloss) ⟨τάλαιναν⟩: τὴν  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.12 (rec gloss) ⟨τάλαιναν⟩: καὶ  —Mn

POSITION: s.l. (above αν of τάλαιναν)

COMMENT:   It is likely that this gloss is misplaced in Mn. Did it once belong to τίς in 401?


Or. 402.13 (rec artGloss) ⟨μητρὸς⟩: τῆς  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.14 (vet exeg) ⟨ἐξώγκουν τάφῳ⟩: ὅ ἐστι· τὸ χῶμα ἐπέβαλλον.  —MOV3C

TRANSLATION:   Which means: I placed the mound on top.

POSITION: cont. from sch. 402.03 M, from 402.01 C, s.l. OV3

APP. CRIT.:   ὅ ἐστι om. OV3   |    τῶ O   |    ὑπέβαλον O

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐπέβαλον C   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,4; Dind. II.127,6 (cf. 127,14)


Or. 402.15 (thom exeg) ἐξώγκουν τάφῳ: 1εἰκότως δὲ εἶπε τὸ ἐξώγκουν·  2οἱ γὰρ τῶν παλαιῶν τάφοι συναγωγὴ χώματος ἦσαν εἰς ὕψος διήκουσα βουνῷ ἐοικυῖα.  3ὅθεν καὶ μέχρι τοῦ νῦν τύμβην ταύτην κατονομάζουσιν.  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   With good reason he used the word ‘I caused to be heaped up’, for the tombs of the ancients were a gathering of heaped earth reaching to a height, similar to a mound. Therefore even up to the present they term this (gathering of earth) ‘tumbē’ (‘mound’).

LEMMA: T      REF. SYMBOL: ZZaZmT, Zb to μητέρ’

APP. CRIT.:   1 κατεχώννυον ἐκάλυπτον (402.13) prep. TZb, δὲ add. after εἰκότως T, after τὸ Zb   |    2 συναγωγὴν Zb, συναγωγοὶ Gu   |    εἰς ὕψος om. Zb   |    βουνοῦ Zl   |    3 ὅθεν κτλ. T, om. others

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 ἐξώκουν Za (in text ἐξώγγουν)   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.127,10–13

COMMENT:   The third sentence appears to be a Triclinian contribution. τύμβη (not in LSJ or other lexica so far) is a Byzantine vernacular term for a mound. Joannes Pediasimus uses it several times of mounds of various large dimensions, and the Acta of several monasteries use the term in describing heaps that hold boundary markers referred to in legal descriptions of land parcels. I do not believe it is necessary to emend τύμβην to τύμβον with Arsenius (followed by subsequent editors, who did not know of the reading of T).

KEYWORDS:  Byzantine vernacular word/form/usage


Or. 402.16 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἐξώγκουν τάφῳ⟩: καὶ ἐπάνω τοῦ τάφου ὄγκον ἤτοι λίθον ἐτίθουν.  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.17 (vet gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ἐτίμων  —HH3MV3CGuY2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν prep. Y2

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,5; Dind. II.127,10


Or. 402.18 (vet gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ὑψηλοποίουν  —HF

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.19 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ἔθαπτον  —V3AbMnPrRSaSbSarZu

POSITION: s.l. (Sa here (152r), Sb wrongly above 404 (152v))


Or. 402.20 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ἐδόξαζον ὑψοποίουν  —MnPrRSaSbSar

REF. SYMBOL: R      POSITION: marg. R, s.l. MnPrSSa (Sa here (152r), Sb wrongly above 404 (152v))

APP. CRIT.:   ὑποποίουν Mn   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   ὑψοποιοῦν R   |

COMMENT:   ὑψοποιόω (or ‑έω?) is attested in 12–13th cent. rhetor Nicolaus Mesarites (TLG), so this gloss is not a mistake for ὑψηλοποίουν.


Or. 402.21 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ἔταφον  —R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.22 (thom gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: κατεχώννυον ἐκάλυπτον  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

LEMMA: ἐξώγγουν in text here in ZZaZmGu       POSITION: s.l. except TZb, which prepose this to sch. 402.15

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.127,10


Or. 402.23 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ὄγκον εἶπεν διὰ τὸ μνῆμα· ἀναχωματίζοντες γὰρ οἱ Ἕλληνες τὰ μνήματα ὄγκους ἐποίουν, οἱονεὶ ἐπαναστήματα τινά.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   He said ‘heap/mound’ (‘ongkon’) because of the tomb. For by heaping up earth on top the Greeks used to make their tombs mounds, like some sort of eminences.


Or. 402.24 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ἀνίστων  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.25 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ὕψουν  —Aa2B3a

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.26 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐξώγκουν⟩: ὀρθὸν ἐποίουν  —Zb1

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.27 (rec exeg) ⟨τάφῳ⟩: τάφον  —KXoZuB3a

LEMMA: τάφων in text Zu       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.28 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨τάφῳ⟩: τῷ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.29 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τάφον⟩: ἀναχωματισμὸν  —B3a

LEMMA: τάφον is s.l. reading of B3a       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 402.30 (rec artGloss) ⟨τάφον⟩: τὸν  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 403.01 (vet exeg) πότερα κατ’ οἴκους: 1ἀπὸ κοινοῦ τὸ ἤρξω, τουτέστιν ἐν ποίᾳ ἡμέρᾳ ἤρξω καὶ ἐν ποίῳ τόπῳ.  2κακοήθως δὲ καὶ τοῦτο.   —MBVCRw

TRANSLATION:   Understand ‘did you begin’ from the earlier use: in other words, on what day and in what place did you begin? This point too (is made) maliciously.

LEMMA: all (κατοἴκους M, κατοίκους C) except 401 ἤρξω δὲ Rw      REF. SYMBOL: BV

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἀπὸ κοινοῦ τὸ ἤρξω om. Rw   |    τουτέστιν … ἤρξω] δὲ ποίαν ἡμέραν (punct. after κοινοῦ) V   |    τουτέστιν] τοῦ δέ ἐστιν M   |    ἐν ποίᾳ] ἐμποῖα M   |    2 κακόηθες (δὲ …. τοῦτο om.) V   |    δὲ om. Rw

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,6–8; Dind. II.127,16–18

KEYWORDS:  κακόηθες/κακοήθως


Or. 403.02 (vet exeg) ⟨πότερα κατ’ οἴκους⟩: κακοήθως καὶ τοῦτο.  —H

TRANSLATION:   This point too (is made) maliciously.

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  κακόηθες/κακοήθως


Or. 403.03 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨πότερα κατ’ οἴκους⟩: ἆρα ἐν τῇ πυρκαϊᾷ τῆς μητρὸς καθήμενος ἥ κατὰ τοὺς οἴκους; —G

POSITION: marg.


Or. 403.04 (rec paraphr) ⟨πότερα κατ’ οἴκους⟩: ἐν ποίῳ τόπῳ  —O


Or. 403.05 (vet gloss) ⟨πότερα⟩: ἆρα  —BV1Ab2CrF2ROxZb1Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἄρα V1Zb1, ὅρα Cr, a.c. Ox (ἅρα p.c.)   |


Or. 403.06 (rec gloss) ⟨κατ’ οἴκους⟩: ἐμάνης  —MnPrRSSarZu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 403.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κατ’ οἴκους⟩: ἦλθε  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 403.08 (moschThom exeg) ⟨κατ’ οἴκους⟩: ἤρξω τῆς λύσσης  —XaXbYYfGGrZZaZbZlZmT*

TRANSLATION:  (Supply as predicate in the elliptical question) ‘began your madness’.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 403.09 (pllgn exeg) ⟨κατ’ οἴκους⟩: ἀπὸ κοινοῦ ἤρξω.  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 403.10 (rec gloss) ⟨προσεδρεύων⟩: προσκαθήμενος  —GRfZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. Zu   |    καθήμενος G (perhaps intending προσ‑ in line to be understood as prefix)

APP. CRIT. 2:   προσκαθίμενος Zu   |


Or. 403.11 (moschThom gloss) ⟨προσεδρεύων⟩: παρακαθήμενος  —XXaXbYYfGrZZaZbZlZmT*AaCrOx

POSITION: s.l. except X, which combines it with sch. 403.08

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 403.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨προσεδρεύων⟩: προσβάλλων  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 403.13 (recMoschThom gloss) ⟨πυρᾷ⟩: τῷ τάφῳ  —CrMnRfOxXXaXbT+YYfGGrZZa, app. F2

POSITION: s.l. except X, which combines it with sch. 403.08; preposed to 403.14 with καὶ ZZa

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ ἐν prep. CrOx   |    τῷ om. F2Rf

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.127,20


Or. 403.14 (thom exeg) ⟨πυρᾷ⟩: τῇ τοῦ σώματος καύσει  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (‘Pura’ here means) ‘the burning of the body’.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τοῦ σώματος om. ZbZl   |    αὐτῆς add. after σώμ. ZmT

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.127,20–21

COMMENT:   We can here observe the occasional split between ZZa and ZmTGu, since the latter confine themselves to the single interpretation that takes πυρᾷ as the burning of the corpse rather than the place where the burning occurs, but the former offers both possibilities, the gloss τῷ τάφῳ being known from the tradition as carried in the recentiores or from Moschopulus. Note that Triclinius considers τῷ τάφῳ to be a Moschopulean contribution, not one common to both him and Thomas.


Or. 403.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πυρᾷ⟩: τῇ θυσίᾳ  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.01 (vet exeg) νυκτὸς φυλάσσων: 1ὁ δὲ φιλαλήθως [ca. 10–12 letters washed out] πέπονθα·  2μήποτέ τις ἀφέληται τὰ ὀστᾶ.  3ἢ παρατηρῶν πότε σβεσθείσης τῆς φλογὸς ἀφέλωμαι τὰ ὀστᾶ.   —B, partial OVCRbRw

TRANSLATION:   And he (Orestes) truthfully [says ‘by night(?)] I suffered’. (The sense is: watching) lest anyone take away the bones. Or ‘watching for the moment when, the flame having died out, I may pick out the bones (for burial)’.

LEMMA: CRw; ὀστέων ἀναίρεσιν V, ὀστέων Rb      REF. SYMBOL: VRb      POSITION: cont. from sch. 403.01 B; O has second sentence s.l., third in margin

APP. CRIT.:   1 in B only; for washed out letters, Arsenius gives λέγει κατὰ τὴν νύκτα   |    2 μή τις O   |    3 σβεσθείσης] ἀφεθείσης C   |    3 τὰ ὀστᾶ] ταῦτα VRb   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 ἀφέλ() V   |    2 ὀστά OCRb   |    3 ἀφέλομαι OVCRb, ἀφέληται Rw   |    3 ὀστά OC   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,9–10; Dind. II.127,18 app.


Or. 404.02 (vet exeg) ⟨νυκτὸς φυλάσσων⟩: φυλάττων πότε σβεσθῇ [ἡ(?)] κα[ῦσις(?)] ἵν[α] μὴ (?)ἀφέληται(?) τὰ ὀστᾶ.  —H

TRANSLATION:   Watching for the moment when the burning would be extinguished so that (someone?) not could remove the bones.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   either σβεσθεῖ or ‑ῆ H   |


Or. 404.03 (pllgn exeg) ⟨νυκτὸς φυλάσσων⟩: τηρῶν πότε ἀφέλωμαι τῆς φλογὸς τὰ ὀστᾶ μή τις ἀφέληται ταῦτα. ἀναιρῶ γὰρ τὸ λαμβάνω.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   Watching for the moment when I might pick up the bones from the flame, in order that no one remove them. For ‘anhairō’ (here) means ‘take’.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ποτὲ Y2   |    ἀφέλομαι Y2   |


Or. 404.04 (pllgn exeg) ⟨νυκτὸς φυλάσσων⟩: τὸν καιρὸν τῆς ἀναιρέσεως νυκτὸς τηρῶν μή τις ἀφέληται τὰ ὀστᾶ τῆς μητρὸς, ἢ ἐκδεχόμενος σβεσθῆναι τὴν πυράν  —G

TRANSLATION:   Watching for the proper moment of the night for picking up (the bones), lest anyone take away the bones of my mother, or waiting for the pyre to be extinguished.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.05 (pllgn exeg) ⟨νυκτὸς φυλάσσων⟩: μή τις ἀφέληται ταῦτα  —V3G

POSITION: intermarg. V3


Or. 404.06 (rec gloss) ⟨νυκτός⟩: ἐμάνην  —AaMnPrRSSarZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   δηλονότι add. Zu


Or. 404.07 (mosch gloss) ⟨νυκτός⟩: ἐπὶ τῆς  —XaXbXaXbXoT+YYfGrZu

POSITION: s.l. except Xa

APP. CRIT.:   τῆς om. Xo   |    νυκτὸς add. Xa


Or. 404.08 (mosch gloss) ⟨νυκτός⟩: ἤγουν κατὰ τὴν νύκτα  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcF2

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:   ἐπὶ τῆς νυκτὸς prep. X   |    ἤγουν om. F2GZc


Or. 404.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨νυκτὸς⟩: κατὰ  —B3a

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.10 (rec gloss) ⟨νυκτός⟩: οὔσης  —GK

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἢ νυκτὸς prep. G


Or. 404.11 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἔννυκτος⟩: καὶ κατὰ μέσην τῆν νύκτα  —Cr

LEMMA: ἔννυκτος in text Cr       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.12 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἔννυκτος⟩: καὶ κατὰ τὸ μέσον τῆς νυκτὸς  —Ox

LEMMA: ἔννυκτος in text Ox       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.13 (pllgn exeg) ⟨νυκτὸς⟩: οἱ γὰρ δαιμονιζόμενοι ἐξαιρέτως κατὰ τὴν νύκτα δαιμονίζονται.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   For those who are afflicted by demonic powers are so afflicted especially during the night.


Or. 404.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φυλάσσων⟩: ἐπιτηρῶν  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φυλάσσων⟩: παρατηρῶν  —Zb1

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.16 (thom exeg) ὀστέων ἀναίρεσιν: 1ἤγουν πότε τὸ σῶμα ἀναλωθὲν ἡμεῖς τὰ ὀστᾶ λάβωμεν.  2ἢ ἀναίρεσιν ἀντὶ τοῦ φθοράν, ἤγουν σκοπῶν μὴ τὰ ὀστᾶ φθαρῇ τῷ πυρί.   —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   That is, when, the body having been consumed, we may take the bones. Or (interpret) ‘anhairesin’ as meaning ‘destruction’, that is, watching to see that the bones not be destroyed by the fire.

LEMMA: ZZaZb      REF. SYMBOL: ZZaZbT      POSITION: ZlZmGu s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἀνάληψιν add. before ἤγουν Zb (cf. sch. 404.24, 404.25)

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 λάβομεν ZZa   |   2 ὀστὰ Zb   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.127,22–128,1


Or. 404.17 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨ὀστέων⟩: τῶν  —Aa2F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.18 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: κλοπήν, καταδάμασιν  —V

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The simplex noun δάμασις is attested only a few times (the oldest instance probably in Sch. Pind. O. 13.98b). Neither καταδάμασις nor any other compound form is currently attested elsewhere.

KEYWORDS:  rare word


Or. 404.19 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: συλλογὴν ἢ ἀφαίρεσιν  —AbMnPrRSar

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ τὴν prep. Mn


Or. 404.20 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: συλλογήν  —YGu

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,2


Or. 404.21 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: καὶ τὴν ἀφαίρεσιν  —CrOxZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τὴν om. Zu


Or. 404.22 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: κλοπὴν τὴν ἀφαίρεσιν. ἢ μὴ κύων ἁρπάσῃ αὐτά.  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   κύων μὴ transp. Y2


Or. 404.23 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: τὴν κλοπὴν  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.24 (thom exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: ἀνάληψιν ἢ φθοράν  —ZZa

TRANSLATION:  (‘Anhairesis’ here means either) ‘picking up’ or ‘destruction’.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.25 (thom exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: ἀνάληψιν  —ZbZlZm1TGuXo

TRANSLATION:  (‘Anhairesis’ here means) ‘picking up’.

POSITION: s.l.; second instance prep. to 404.16 Zb

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν τὴν prep. Xo

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,1–2

COLLATION NOTES:   In Xo, in the dark ink of the scholia rather than the light ink of most glosses, but same hand.   |


Or. 404.26 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: ἤγουν ἀνακομιδὴν  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,1


Or. 404.27 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: ἀφανισμὸν  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 404.28 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: ἔπαρσιν  —B3c, app. F2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τὴν prep. F2


Or. 404.29 (rec artGloss) ⟨ἀναίρεσιν⟩: τὴν  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.01 (mosch gloss) ⟨παρῆν⟩: σοὶ  —XXbXoTYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨παρῆν⟩: καὶ παρυπῆρχε  —CrOxZl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τις ἄλλος⟩: ἄνθρωπος δηλονότι  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.04 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ὃς σὸν ὤρθευεν δέμας⟩: καὶ παρεκίνει τὸ φονεῦσαι τὴν μητέρα σου.  —V3

REF. SYMBOL: V3      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὃς⟩: ὅστις  —Aa2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. Ox


Or. 405.06 (rec artGloss) ⟨σὸν⟩: τὸ  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.07 (mosch exeg) ⟨ὤρθευεν δέμας⟩: σφαλλόμενον δηλονότι ὑπὸ τῆς μανίας  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

TRANSLATION:  (‘Held your body upright’ is said because his body was) rendered unstable, clearly, by the madness.

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:   δηλονότι om. GZc

APP. CRIT. 2:   σφαλόμ‑ YGrAa2   |


Or. 405.08 (pllgn metr) ⟨ὤρθευεν δέμας⟩: τὸ ν̅ διὰ τὸ μέτρον ἐνταῦθα εἰ καὶ σύμφωνον ἐπιφέρεται τὸ δ̅.  —Za

TRANSLATION:   The nu (is added to the verbal ending) here because of the meter, even though the consonant delta follows.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.09 (vet gloss) ⟨ὤρθευεν⟩: ἐνοσοκόμει  —HMOVC

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἐνοστοκόμει C

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,4–5


Or. 405.10 (rec gloss) ⟨ὤρθευεν⟩: περιεποιεῖτο  —V

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.11 (rec gloss) ⟨ὤρθευεν⟩: ἐπεμελεῖτο  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἐπιμ‑ Rf

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,4


Or. 405.12 (rec gloss) ⟨ὤρθευε⟩: ἐκίνει  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.13 (thom gloss) ⟨ὤρθευεν⟩: ἐκυβέρνα  —ZZbZlZmTGuF2

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,5


Or. 405.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὤρθευεν⟩: ἐβοήθει  —Y2

REF. SYMBOL: Y2       POSITION: marg.


Or. 405.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὤρθευεν⟩: ἀνώρθου  —AaZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. Zu

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἀνόρθου Zu, ἀνώρθουν app. Aa   |


Or. 405.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὤρθευεν⟩: ὤρθου  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.17 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὥρθευεν⟩: καὶ ἀνεβάσταζε  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 405.18 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨δέμας⟩: τὸ  —Z

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 406.01 (recThom exeg) ⟨Πυλάδης⟩: ναὶ  —SarZZbZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (Supply) ‘yes’ (to precede this line).

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 406.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Πυλάδης⟩: ἦν  —Xo

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 406.03 (rec exeg) ⟨Πυλάδης⟩: ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ Φανοτέως, ἤτοι ὁ ἐξάδελφός μου  —V1

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   As in sch. 33.06 in V, Phanoteus is here treated as a personal name, not a toponymic adjective, possibly from a misunderstanding of Soph. El. 45; cf. Sch. Soph. El. 45 Xenis, which has, after the correct explanation, τινὲς δὲ ὄνομά φασι τὸ Φανοτέως.

COLLATION NOTES:   V represents ἐξάδελφος by placing a stigma = ἕξ in front of αδελφος.   |


Or. 406.04 (rec exeg) ⟨Πυλάδης⟩: πρωτεξάδελφος τοῦ Ὀρέστου, τῆς Ἀναξιβοίας υἱὸς  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The word πρωτεξάδελφος is mainly used in legal texts and is probably not attested before the 11th century.


Or. 406.05 (rec artGloss) ⟨Πυλάδης⟩:  —Aa2AbCrF2Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 406.06 (rec gloss) ⟨ὁ συνδρῶν⟩: ὁ συμπράττων  —V1CrZb1ZlOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx   |    ὁ om. or del. V, om. Zl

APP. CRIT. 2:   συνπρ‑ Zb1   |


Or. 406.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨συνδρῶν⟩: συμπράξας  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 406.08 (rec gloss) ⟨συνδρῶν⟩: ὁ συνεργῶν  —Ab2Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ὁ] καὶ Zu


Or. 406.09 (recMosch gloss) ⟨συνδρῶν⟩: ἐμοὶ  —RfXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2B3d

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   λείπει prep. Rf

KEYWORDS:  λείπει


Or. 406.10 (pllgn exeg) ⟨αἷμα καὶ μητρὸς φόνον⟩: ἐκ παραλλήλου τὸ αὐτό.  —G

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  ἐκ παραλλήλου


Or. 406.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨αἷμα⟩: εἰς  —B3a

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 406.12 (rec artGloss) ⟨αἷμα⟩: τὸ  —F2Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 407.01 (pllgn paraphr) ἤγουν τίς φαντασία ποιεῖ σε νοσεῖν ταῦτα ἃ νοσεῖς;  —Lp

APP. CRIT. 2:   σὲ Lp   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,9


Or. 407.02 (rec exeg) ⟨ἐκ φασμάτων⟩: φαντασμάτων  —F2RZl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 407.03 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἐκ φασμάτων⟩: ὑπὸ φοβημάτων ποίων πανθάνῃ ταῦτα καὶ φαντασμάτων;  —G

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   πανθάνω is late Greek for πάσχω and all attestations in TLG are active, but G has pedantically formed a middle-passive.


Or. 407.04 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἐκφασμάτων⟩: ἓν μέρος λόγου  —V3

TRANSLATION:   A single unit of speech (not a prepositional phrase).

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἓν] αʹ V   |

COMMENT:  Compare the next, and the ὑφ’ ἕν symbol added in B by B3d.


Or. 407.05 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἐκφασμάτων⟩: τινὲς λέγουσι τοῦτ’ εἶναι δύο μέρη τοῦ λόγου· ἀλλ’ οὐχί· ἔστι δὲ ἔκφασμα ἓν μέρος λόγου.  —Aa

TRANSLATION:   Some say this is two units of speech, but not so: the word is ‘ekphasma’, one unit of speech.

LEMMA: Aa       REF. SYMBOL: Aa


Or. 407.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐκφασμάτων⟩: ἐκπλήξεων  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 407.07 (pllgn exeg) ⟨φαντασμάτων⟩: γρ. ἐκ φασμάτων  —Y

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 407.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φαντασμάτων⟩: φαντασιῶν  —CrOxXo2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 407.09 (rec gloss) ⟨δὲ⟩: καί  —R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 407.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τάδε⟩: ταῦτα  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 407.11 (pllgn exeg) ⟨τάδε⟩: ἤγουν τὸ τῆς †ναι***μαινόμεν[ον]  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   Water damage in Aa: it could be ναλ rather than ναι, but hardly any words begin with ναλ; nor does ναι suggest anything promising.   |


Or. 407.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨νοσεῖς⟩: πάσχεις  —F2Xo2Y

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 407.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨νοσεῖς⟩: ἀσθενεῖς  —Zb1

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 407.14 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ποίων ὕπο⟩: ἢ ὑπὸ ἄλλων ποίων δη[λονότι]  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.01 (recMosch gloss) ⟨ἔδοξ’⟩: ἐνόμισα  —AaAbF2MnSSarXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcZl

POSITION: s.l. except X, which adds ἰδεῖν after ἐνόμισα and continues with sch. 408.02


Or. 408.02 (rec gloss) ⟨ἔδοξ’⟩: ἐδόκησα  —V1/3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔδοξ’⟩: καὶ ὑπέλαβον  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.04 (mosch paraphr) ⟨τρεῖς νυκτὶ προσφερεῖς⟩: τρεῖς κόρας νυκτὶ ὁμοίας ἤγουν μελαίνας  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrAa2, partial GXo2ZcZu

POSITION: s.l. except X (cont. from sch. 408.01) and Xo

APP. CRIT.:   τρεῖς … ἤγουν om. GZu, but G adds ὁμοίας νυκτὶ as separate   |    τρεῖς … ὁμοίας om. Xo2   |    νυκτὶ … ἤγουν om. Zc, separating into two parts

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.11–12

COLLATION NOTES:   Water damage Aa, last two words very uncertain.   |


Or. 408.05 (vet exeg) νυκτὶ προσφερεῖς: ἀντὶ τοῦ φοβεράς· νυκτὶ ὁμοίας, ὡς ὁ ποιητής [Hom. Il. 1.47]· ‘νυκτὶ ἐοικώς’.  —MBPr

TRANSLATION:   (‘Similar to night’ is here) equivalent to ‘terrifying’. ‘Like the night’, as the poet (Homer puts it): ‘appearing like the night’.

LEMMA: Pr with preposed τὸ δὲ      POSITION: s.l. M, marg. B; cont. from sch. 410.07 Pr

APP. CRIT.:   ἀντὶ τοῦ φοβεράς om. BPr   |    νυκτί ὁμοίας om. M. ὁμοίας νυκτὶ transp. Pr   |    ὁ om. Pr   |    after ποιητής add. φη(σι) Pr

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,11–12; Dind. II.128,10–11

KEYWORDS:  citation of Homer (with direct quotation)


Or. 408.06 (rec exeg) ⟨νυκτὶ προσφερεῖς⟩: Ὁμηρικῶς λέγει.  —Pr

POSITION: s.l. (above κόρας)


Or. 408.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨νυκτὶ⟩: σκότει  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.08 (recThom gloss) ⟨προσφερεῖς⟩: ὁμοίας  —VAaAbCrF2MnPrRSSarOxXo2ZZaZbZlZmZuT

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOxZu

COLLATION NOTES:   Aa gloss crossed out by Aa2 when entering longer gloss.   |


Or. 408.09 (rec gloss) ⟨προσφερεῖς⟩: ἐμφερεῖς  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨προσφερεῖς⟩: ἐγγὺς  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κόρας⟩: νεάνιδας  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κόρας⟩: γυναῖκας  —F2Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κόρας⟩: τὰς Ἐριννύας  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 408.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κόρας⟩: καὶ παρθένους  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.01 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἶδ’⟩: γινώσκω  —CrOxZb2ZlXo2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 409.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἶδ’⟩: ἔγνων  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἶδ’⟩: ἐπίσταμαι  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.04 (thom gloss) ⟨ἃς ἔλεξας⟩: ἤγουν τὰς Ἐριννῦς  —ZZa

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν om. Za


Or. 409.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἃς⟩: καὶ ἅστινας  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔλεξας⟩: εἶπας  —OxXo2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   εἴπας Ox   |


Or. 409.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔλεξας⟩: λέγεις  —F2Z

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.08 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ὀνομάσαι⟩: εἰπεῖν τὸ ὄνομα  —Zm

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.09 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ὀνομάσαι⟩: εἰπεῖν αὐτὰς ὁποῖαι εἰσὶ  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.10 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ὀνομάσαι⟩: καὶ εἰπεῖν Ἐριννύας  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὀνομάσαι⟩: εἰπεῖν  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.12 (thom gloss) ⟨ὀνομάσαι⟩: λέξαι  —ZmGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.13 (rec gloss) ⟨βούλομαι⟩: ἐγώ  —AbRS

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 409.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨βούλομαι⟩: θέλω  —F2GuOxZb2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   οὐ prep. F2Zb2, καὶ prep. Ox


Or. 410.01 (rec paraphr) ⟨σεμναὶ γάρ⟩: ὅτι σεμναί εἰσι  —AbMnRS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   εἰσὶν Ab   |


Or. 410.02 (pllgn exeg) ⟨σεμναὶ γάρ⟩: κατ’ εἰρωνείαν  —V3

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  εἰρωνεία/εἰρωνικῶς


Or. 410.03 (recMosch gloss) ⟨σεμναὶ⟩: σεβάσμιαι  —KXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l. except X


Or. 410.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σεμναὶ⟩: τίμιαι  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σεμναὶ γὰρ⟩: εἰσὶ  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.06 (vet exeg) εὐπαίδευτα δ’ ἀποτρέπου: 1κατὰ ἀντίφρασιν, ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀπαιδεύτως.  2ἢ οὕτως· εὐπαιδεύτως δὲ ποιεῖς ὀνομάζειν αὐτὰς Ἐρινύας παραιτούμενος.   —MBCRw, partial V3

TRANSLATION:   By use of the opposite term, used instead of ‘boorishly/ignorantly’. Or interpret in this way: you act in a well-educated manner in declining to call them by the name Erinyes.

LEMMA: MC; ἄλλως· εὐπαίδευτα B; σεμναὶ γὰρ εὐπαίδευτα Rw      POSITION: follows sch. 410.07 in B

APP. CRIT.:   1–2 κατὰ … οὕτως om. V3   |    1 τοῦ om. C   |    2 δὲ om. MV3

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 ὀνομάζ M   |   ἐριννύας RwV3   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.127,13–15; Dind. II.128,21–23

COLLATION NOTES:   After the scholion-ending mark Rw fills the small remainder of last line of the scholia block on fol. 18v with τίς φερ(ὲς)(?) συμφερ(ὲς)(?) and possibly καὶ(?) π[ appears below (erased, washed out?).   |

KEYWORDS:  ἀντίφρασις


Or. 410.07 (vet exeg) ἄλλως: 1ἀπαιδεύτως φυλάττου ὀνομάζειν αὐτάς.  2πῶς δὲ ἀπαιδεύτως;  3καλῶν αὐτὰς Ἐρινύας.   —MBVCMnPrRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   Guard yourself from boorishly/ignorantly naming them. And in what sense ignorantly? By calling them Erinyes.

LEMMA: MC; εὐπαίδευτα BV(‑δευτ())Rb, ἀπαίδευτα Mn(ἀπέδ‑)PrSSa      REF. SYMBOL: BVRb      POSITION: precedes 410.06 in B

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἀντὶ τοῦ prep. BVMnPrRbSSa, before that δὲ καλῶν αὐτὰς ἐρινύας crossed out Rb    |    ἀπαιδεύτως] ἀπαίδευτα VSSa, ἀπαιδεύτους C, ἀπαίδευτα εὐπαίδευτα Rb   |    φυλάττουσιν V   |    αὐτοῖς S, αὐτὰ app. Mn   |    2 πῶς … 3 αὐτὰς om. Pr   |    2 ἀπαιδεύτως] ἀπαίδευτα MnRbSSa, a.c. V (corr. V1)   |    3 καλῶν written in blank space by V1   |    after ἐριν. add. παραιτούμενος Pr (cf. 410.06)

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 ἀπεδεύτως Mn   |    2 ἀπέδευτα Mn   |    3 ἐριννύας VMnPrSa   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,16–17; Dind. II.128,20–21


Or. 410.08 (rec exeg) εἰρω(νικῶς)· φυλάττουσιν ὀνομάζειν. πῶς δ’ οὐκ ἀπαίδευτον καλεῖν αὐτὰς Ἐριννύς;  —Pr

TRANSLATION:   (Expressed) ironically: people avoid naming (them). And how is it not ignorant to call them Erinyes?

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   corruption of φυλάττου σὺ?

COMMENT:   There is a punct. dot after εἰρω(), and indeed the word is not quite on the level of the following phrase and may have been intended to be a separate annotation.

KEYWORDS:  εἰρωνεία/εἰρωνικῶς


Or. 410.09 (pllgn exeg) ⟨εὐπαίδευτα δ’ ἀποτρέπου⟩: ἀποτρέπου δὲ λέγειν αὐτὰς τὸ εὔφημον ὄνομα τὸ Εὐμενίδες ἀπαιδεύτως. καὶ λέγε ‘φονεύτριαι Ἐριννύες’.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   Avoid calling them by the euphemistic name Eumenides, ignorantly. And say ‘murderous Erinyes’.

APP. CRIT.:   αὐταῖς Y2   |    ἀπαίδευτον Y2

COMMENT:   Cf. 410.22 for a closely similar note. If one adds punctuation after ὄνομα, it is possible to keep ἀπαίδευτον, translating ‘the name Eumenides is ignorant’.


Or. 410.10 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀπαίδευτον δ’ ἀποτρέπ()⟩: τοῦ μὴ ὀνομάζειν  —S

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.11 (rec exeg) ⟨εὐπαίδευτ’ ἀποτρέπου⟩: εὐπαίδευτόν ἐστι τὸ μὴ ταύτας ὀνομάζειν.  —K

TRANSLATION:   It is well-educated not to name these (maidens).

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.12 (rec exeg) ⟨εὐπαίδευτα⟩: ἀντίφρασις ἀπαι(δεύτ)ως  —O

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  ἀντίφρασις


Or. 410.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εὐπαίδευτα⟩: ἀπαιδεύτως ποιεῖς  —Y

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.14 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀπαίδευτα⟩: ἀπαιδεύτως  —RXo

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.15 (mosch gloss) ⟨εὐπαίδευτα⟩: εὐπαιδεύτως  —XXaXbGr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπαίδευτα⟩: ἤγουν κακοφήμως  —Zu

POSITION: s.l., but above σεμναὶ γάρ

APP. CRIT.:   κακοφημένως Zu, corr. Mastr.


Or. 410.17 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀπαίδευτα⟩: τὰ ἔργα αὐτῶν  —AbMnS

LEMMA: ἀπαίδευτο(ν) in text S      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.18 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀπαίδευτ’⟩: καὶ ἀπαιδεύτως, ὅτι οὐ θέλεις εἰπεῖν τὰ αὐτῶν ὀνόματα. —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.19 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀπαίδευτ’⟩: πῶς  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.20 (tri metr) [ἡμέτερον:] ἀπαίδευτον: ἀπαίδευτός ἐστιν ὁ ἐνταῦθα γράφων ἀπαίδευτα καὶ τῶν μέτρων παντάπασιν ἀμαθής. σὺ δ’ εἰ βούλει μὴ ἀπαίδευτος εἶναι, ἀπαίδευτον ἑνικῶς γράφε. οὕτω γὰρ ἔχει πρὸς τὸ μέτρον ὀρθῶς.  —T

TRANSLATION:   Uneducated is the person who writes here ‘apaideuta’ (‘uneducated’, neuter plural), and completely ignorant of meters. As for you, if you want not to be uneducated, write ‘apaideuton’ in the singular. For in this way it is correct with respect to the meter.

LEMMA: ἡμέτερον in marg. lost to damage (τρικλινίου in marg. Ta)

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,17–19; de Fav. 54

COLLATION NOTES:   Written in light ink by T3.   |


Or. 410.21 (thom paraphr) ⟨ἀποτρέπου λέγειν⟩: ἤγουν μέμφεσθαι αὐτὰς ἀφίστασο.  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν om. Gu   |    αὐτοὺς Zb   |    ἀφίστατο Za

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.128,15–16


Or. 410.22 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀποτρέπου λέγειν⟩: τὸ λέγειν ταύτας Εὐμενίδας καὶ λέγε αὐτὰς φονευτρίας Ἐριννύας.  —V3

TRANSLATION:   (Avoid) calling them Eumenides and call them murderous Erinyes.

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   See on 410.09 above.


Or. 410.23 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀποτρέπου⟩: σὺ  —AbR

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.24 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀποτρέπου⟩: παραιτούμενος  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.25 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀποτρέπου⟩: παραιτοῦ  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.26 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀποτρέπου⟩: ἔδει εἰπεῖν ἀπ()τρέπ()· τὸ σχῆμα παρὰ πολλοῖς ἦν.  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The note apparently means ‘he should have said “you avoid” (ἀποτρέπῃ)’ or ‘he should have said “you avoided” (ἀπετρέπου)’. The unnamed schema would then appear to be a substitution of imperative for indicative.


Or. 410.27 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀποτρέπου⟩: φυλάττου  —AbMnSB4

LEMMA: ἀποτρέπ() in text S, ἀποτρέπουσι in text Mn       POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   φυλάττουσι Mn (a corruption of φυλάττου σύ?); φυλάττ() S (with ἀποτρέπ() in text)


Or. 410.28 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀποτρέπου⟩: ἀποστρέφου  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.29 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀποτρέπου⟩: μὴ  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 410.30 (tri metr) ⟨ἀποτρέπου⟩: koine long sign over ποτ  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 410.31 (mosch gloss) ⟨λέγειν⟩: ὀνομάζειν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   αὐτὰς ἐριννύας add. Y2


Or. 411.01 (vet exeg) αὗταί σε βακχεύουσι: 1κακοήθως τῷ ὀνόματι ἐχρήσατο ⟨ἀντὶ⟩ τῆς μανίας.  2κακόηθες δὲ καὶ τὸ ὑπομιμνήσκειν αὐτὸν τοῦ φόνου τῆς μητρός.  3ἤρκει γὰρ ‘αὗταί σε βακχεύουσι’.   —MBVCMnPrRbRwSa, partial H

TRANSLATION:   Maliciously he used the word (‘bakcheuō’, ‘make rave, afflict with divine madness’) instead of ‘madness’ (‘mania’). And it is also malicious that he reminds him (Orestes) of the murder of his mother. For it was sufficient to say ‘these (goddesses) make you rave’.

LEMMA: M(‑ουσιν)BVCPr, αὗταί σε Rb, συγγενεῖ φόνω Rw      REF. SYMBOL: BVRb

APP. CRIT.:   1 τοῖς ὀνόμασιν V   |    ἐχρήσαντο MC   |    ⟨ἀντὶ⟩ τῆς Schw., τὸν τῆς M, τῆς others   |    τῆς μανίας transp. before ἐχρήσατο H   |    2–4 κακόηθες κτλ om. H   |    2 κακόηθες] κακοήθως M   |    καὶ om. RbRw   |    τὸ ὑπομιμνήσκειν] τὸ μὴ εἴπης ἀνακωχὴν τῶν κακῶν τὸν θάνατον ὑπομιμνήσκειν Sa (cf. sch. 415.06)   |    αὐτὸν om. V   |    3 ἤρκει γὰρ treated as beginning of new note Mn(punct.)Sa(first words by rubr.)   |    γὰρ] γὰρ τὸ VS, τὸ Rb   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   3 βακχεύουσιν MCPr   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,18–20; Dind. II.128,26–129,1

KEYWORDS:  λείπει   |   κακόηθες/κακοήθως


Or. 411.02 (pllgn exeg) ⟨αὗταί σε βακχεύουσι⟩: ἃς εὐτελίζεις καὶ ἐξουθενεῖς  —V3Y2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   εὐτελίζειν Y2   |   app. ἐξουθενοῖς V3


Or. 411.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨αὗται⟩: αἱ Ἐριννύες  —F2Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨αὗται⟩: αἱ κόραι  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.05 (rec paraphr) ⟨βακχεύουσι συγγενεῖ φόνῳ⟩: ἀναταράσσουσί σε χάριν τοῦ φόνου  —VPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.06 (vet gloss) ⟨βακχεύουσι⟩: illegible gloss  —H

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.07 (mosch gloss) ⟨βακχεύουσι⟩: ταράσσουσι  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcF2

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT. 2:   ταράττ‑ G   |   -σιν XXbYfG   |


Or. 411.08 (thom gloss) ⟨βακχεύουσι⟩: ἐκμαίνουσι  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.09 (rec gloss) ⟨βακχεύουσι⟩: μανιοποιοῦσι  —AbMnS

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.10 (rec gloss) ⟨βακχεύουσι⟩: μαίνεσθαι ποιοῦσι  —CrGKPrOxB3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx   |    ποι. μαίν. transp. B3a


Or. 411.11 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨βακχεύουσιν⟩: καὶ ἐμμανῆ ποιοῦσι καὶ ἀναταράττουσιν  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.12 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨βακχεύουσι⟩: καὶ μανικὸν ποιοῦσι σὲ  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.13 (vet exeg) ⟨συγγενεῖ φόνῳ⟩: λείπει ἡ διά, ἵν’ ᾖ διὰ τὸν συγγενῆ φόνον.  —HMaMbBC

TRANSLATION:   The preposition ‘dia’ is to be understood, so that the sense is ‘because of the kindred murder’.

LEMMA: συγγενῆ φόνον in text Rw (φόνον alone s.l. in M)      POSITION: s.l. HMbC, marg. B, cont. from 411.01, add. δὲ, Ma

APP. CRIT.:   λείπει om. or compend. obscured under overwritten text H   |    ἵν’ ᾖ] H, om. MbBC   |    τὸ MbC   |    φόνον om. MbC (unless s.l. (φόν)ον in M is meant to be a continuation of note positioned somewhat to the left)

APP. CRIT. 2:   συγγενὴ Mb, συγγενεῖ H   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,20–21; Dind. II.129,8–9

KEYWORDS:  λείπει


Or. 411.14 (rec exeg) ⟨συγγενεῖ φόνῳ⟩: τὸ δὲ συγγενεῖ φόνῳ διὰ τὴν μητέρα φησίν.  —VMnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   He (Menelaus) says ‘by kindred murder’ because of (Orestes’) mother.

POSITION: cont. from sch. 411.01 all

APP. CRIT.:   τῶ δὲ MnSSa   |    φησίν om. V

APP. CRIT. 2:  συγκενεῖ a.c. Mn

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,22; Dind. II.129,5


Or. 411.15 (rec exeg) ⟨συγγενεῖ φόνῳ⟩: διὰ τὸν φόνον τῆς μητρὸς  —AbMnS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τὸν om. S


Or. 411.16 (rec exeg) ⟨συγγενεῖ φόνῳ⟩: διὰ τὸν συγγενῆ φόνον  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.17 (mosch exeg) ⟨συγγενεῖ φόνῳ⟩: ὑπὸ τοῦ συγγενοῦς φόνου κινούμεναι δηλονότι  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

TRANSLATION:  (‘By the kindred murder’ is used in that the Erinyes were) aroused to action, clearly, by the kindred murder.

REF. SYMBOL: Xo      POSITION: s.l. except XXo

APP. CRIT.:   φόνον Y   |   δηλονότι om. Zc


Or. 411.18 (pllgn exeg) ⟨συγγενεῖ φόνῳ⟩: χάριν τοῦ συγγόνου φόνου  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 411.19 (rec gloss) ⟨συγγενεῖ⟩: συγγενικῷ  —F2KZaZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἐν τῷ prep. Zu, app. τῷ prep. F2


Or. 411.20 (thom gloss) ⟨συγγενεῖ⟩: τῷ μητρικῷ  —ZZaZbZlZmTGuCrOxB3d

POSITION: s.l. (cont. from prev. with ἤγουν Za)

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν prep. ZaCrOx   |    τῷ om. GuB3d


Or. 411.21 (pllgn gloss) ⟨συγγενεῖ⟩: (συγγεν)ῆ  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.01 (rec exeg) ⟨οἴμοι⟩: ὡς ἔοικεν αὖθις μανὼν λέγει ταῦτα.  —Mn

TRANSLATION:   As it appears, he says this having become crazed again.

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   μανὼν is formed from the aorist ἔμανον, coined by late grammarians as a step in etymologizing principal parts of μαίνομαι (Georg. Choerobosc. Gram.Gr. 4:2.141,17, Et. Parv. μ 32, Et. Gud. s.v. μηνιεῖ).


Or. 412.02 (pllgn paraphr) ὑφ’ ὧν διωγμῶν ἐλαύνομαι ὁ τάλας.  —G

POSITION: s.l., misplaced above 409


Or. 412.03 (pllgn exeg) πρὸς τὰς Ἐριννῦς  —B3a

POSITION: s.l. (above τάλας)

KEYWORDS:  addressee identified


Or. 412.04 (recMoschThom gloss) ⟨διωγμῶν⟩: ἕνεκα  —AbCrF2KMnOxXXaXbXoYYfGGrZcAa2ZZbZlZmZuTB3d

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἕνεκεν Aa2CrOx   |

COLLATION NOTES:   Mn lighter ink (rubricator?): check original Mn.   |


Or. 412.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨διωγμῶν⟩: τιμωριῶν  —VrecY2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.06 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨διωγμῶν⟩: τῶν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.07 (recMosch gloss) ⟨οἷς⟩: ὑφ’ ὧν  —AaKSXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν prep. T; καὶ app. prep. Aa (sloppy and probably corrected)


Or. 412.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἷς⟩: δι’ ὧν  —F2Za

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.09 (rec gloss) ⟨οἷς⟩: διότι  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἷς⟩: αἷς  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   Fem. agreeing with earlier gloss τιμωριῶν (412.05).


Or. 412.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἷς⟩: ἐν  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὧν⟩: δι’  —CrOx

LEMMA: ὧν in text CrOx       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.13 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐλαύνομαι⟩: κολάζομαι  —V3FGPrY2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.14 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἐλαύνομαι⟩: πειράζομαι ὑπ’ αὐτῶν  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐλαύνομαι⟩: ἀναβακχεύομαι  —Za

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐλαύνομαι⟩: διώκομαι  —AaCrOxZlZm

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 412.17 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐλαύνομαι⟩: ἀποπέμπομαι  —Zb2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τάλας⟩: καὶ ὁ ἄθλιος  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 412.19 (rec artGloss) ⟨τάλας⟩:  —AbF2Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.01 (vet exeg) οὐ δεινὰ: 1γυμνὸν ἐνταῦθα δείκνυται τὸ ἦθος τοῦ Μενελάου·  2κατέκρινε γὰρ αὐτὸν χώρις κρίσεως.   —MBCMnPraPrbRbRwSSa

TRANSLATION:   Here the character of Menelaus is shown laid bare: for he condemned him (Orestes) without a trial.

LEMMA: RSSa, app. Mn([οὐ] δείνα sic], οὐ δεινὰ πάσχειν Rw      POSITION: cont. from sch. 411.01 BPra; s.l. MCPrb

APP. CRIT.:   1 prep. ὁμοίως δὲ καὶ τὸ (τῶ B) εἰπεῖν· οὐ δεινὰ (δεῖνα Pra) πάσχειν δεινὰ τοὺς εἰργασμένους. BPra   |    γυμνὸν] γυμνῶς PrbRw, om. MnRbSSa   |    ἐνταῦθα om. BPra   |    δείκνυται] φαίνεται C   |    ἦθος τοῦ] κακόηθες B, ἦθος τὸ κακὸν Pra   |    τοῦ om. Rw   |    2 κατακρίν() Prb   |    χωρὶς] ἄνευ Schw., incorrectly implying it is in M (χω()΄)   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.143,1–2; Dind. II.129,1–5

KEYWORDS:  κακόηθες/κακοήθως


Or. 413.02 (rec exeg) ἀλλ’ ἔστιν ἡμῖν ἀναφορὰ τῆς συμφορᾶς Ὀρέστης εἶπεν, ὁ δὲ Μενέλαος οὐ δεινὰ πάσχειν δεινὰ τοὺς πεπραγμένους καὶ κατέκρινεν αὐτὸν {φησὶν Ὀρέστης} χωρὶς κρίσεως.  —V

POSITION: cont. from sch. 411.14

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.142,22–25; Dind. II.129,5–8

COMMENT:   A confused note, either jumbled in transmission or very badly paraphrasing as if 414 preceded 413.


Or. 413.03 (pllgn paraphr) σεαυτὸν μέμφου, μὴ τὰς θεὰς, ἐπειδὴ χρὴ παθεῖν σε κακὰ ὡς κακὰ πράξαντα.  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.04 (pllgn paraphr) μὴ μέμφου τὰς θεὰς ἀλλ’ ἑαυτόν· οὐ γὰρ ἄδικον τὸ πάσχειν δεινὰ τὸν πράξαντα δεινά.  —Y2

POSITION: marg.


Or. 413.05 (pllgn gram) ὡς φίλα φίλον, ἀχθεινὰ ἀχθεινὸν, οὕτως καὶ δεινὰ ἀντὶ τοῦ δεινὸν.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   As (neuter plural) ‘phila’ (can mean singular) ‘philon’ (‘dear’), and (neuter plural) ‘achtheina’ (can mean singular) ‘achtheinon’ (‘painful’), so too (plural) ‘deina’ is used instead of (singular) ‘deinon’ (‘terrible’).

POSITION: marg.


Or. 413.06 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨οὐ δεινὰ πάσχειν⟩: οὐκ ἄξιον πάσχειν  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὐ δεινὰ⟩: χρὴ  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.08 (rec gloss) ⟨οὐ δεινὰ⟩: δίκαιον  —PrB3d

LEMMA: οὐ δεινὸν in text Pr       POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   δίκασ(ον) app. Pr   |   ἐστι add. B3d


Or. 413.09 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨οὐ δεινὰ⟩: {οὐ} δίκαια· οὐ θαυμαστὰ ὑπάρχει  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.10 (rec paraphr) ⟨οὐ δεινὰ⟩: οὐ δεινὸν ὑπάρχει  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.11 (rec paraphr) ⟨οὐ δεινὸν⟩: δεινὰ  —PrZc

LEMMA: οὐ δεινὸν in text PrZc       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.12 (mosch gloss) ⟨first δεινὰ⟩: χαλεπά —XXaXoT+YYfGrZcAa

LEMMA: δεινὸν in line Zc       POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   χαλεπὸν Aa   |


Or. 413.13 (mosch gloss) first δεινὰ: θαυμαστόν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrAa

LEMMA: X       POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:   οὐ prep. Xb, ἤγουν οὐ prep, T   |


Or. 413.14 (recThom gloss) ⟨first δεινὰ⟩: δεινὸν ἐστὶ  —AaMnRfSZZbZlZmTGuOx2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν οὐ prep. T, οὐ prep. MnS   |    δεινὸν om. ZbZl   |    ἐστὶ om. AaRf


Or. 413.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨first δεινὰ⟩: καὶ ἄδικα ὑπάρχουσιν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.16 (thom gloss) ⟨πάσχειν⟩: κολάζεσθαι δυστυχεῖν  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   κολάζεσθαι om. Za


Or. 413.17 (rec exeg) ⟨πάσχειν⟩: ⟨διὰ⟩ τό τι ποιεῖν  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   τὸ τὶ Pr


Or. 413.18 (rec gloss) ⟨πάσχειν⟩: τῷ  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.

COLLATION NOTES:   Lighter ink, rubricator or later hand: check original Mn.   |


Or. 413.19 (mosch gloss) ⟨second δεινὰ⟩: χαλεπά  —XXaXbXoT+YfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X


Or. 413.20 (pllgn exeg) ⟨second δεινὰ⟩: καὶ δίκαια  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.21 (mosch gloss) ⟨τοὺς εἰργασμένους⟩: τοὺς πεποιηκότας  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:   χαλεπὰ δημολόντι add. Xb


Or. 413.22 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τοὺς εἰργασμένους⟩: τοὺς ποιοῦντας  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.23 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τοὺς εἰργασμένους⟩: καὶ τοὺς πεπραχότας  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 413.24 (rec gloss) ⟨τοὺς εἰργασμένους⟩: δεινὰ  —AbKMnS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   add. δῆλον K

COLLATION NOTES:   Ab has ση(μείωσαι) in margin.   |


Or. 414.01 (414–415) (mosch exeg) 1τὸ ἑξῆς οὕτως· ἀλλ’ ἔστιν ἡμῖν ἀναφορὰ τῆς συμφορᾶς ὁ Φοῖβος κελεύσας διαπράξασθαι τὸν τῆς μητρὸς φόνον.  2ὁ δὲ Μενέλαος διακόψας τὸν λόγον φησί· μὴ θάνατον εἴπῃς τὸν τοῦ πατρὸς δηλονότι.  3ὑπελάμβανε γὰρ τοῦτο βούλεσθαι προτείνειν αὐτόν.   —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGr

TRANSLATION:   The continuous text (would be) as follows: But we have as a recourse for our misfortune Phoebus, who ordered (me) to accomplish the killing of my mother. But Menelaus interrupts the utterance and says: Do not speak of the death, namely, that of your father. For he (Menelaus) assumed that he (Orestes) wanted to put forward this claim.

LEMMA: ἀλλ’ ἔστιν ἡμῖν G      REF. SYMBOL: T

APP. CRIT.:   1 τὸν φόνον τῆς μητρός XaY   |    2 εἰπεῖν a.c. Yf   |    τοῦτο] τοῦτον Dindorf

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 ξυμφορὰς Yf   |   2 δῆλον ὅτι G   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.129,15–19

COLLATION NOTES:   ὁ Φοῖβος κελεύσας] ἐφ’ οἷς ἐκέλευσας Ta (because T here has a barbell beta that could be mistaken for lunate sigma, and the omicron (= ος) above that beta is exceedingly small).   |


Or. 414.02 (414–415) (thom exeg) 1ὁ μὲν Ὀρέστης διὰ τὸν Ἀπόλλωνα εἶπεν, ὡς κελεύσαντα τὸν φόνον, τὸ ‘ἔστιν ἡμῖν ἀναφορὰ τῆς συμφορᾶς’. 2τουτέστιν εἰς Ἀπόλλωνα ἀναφέρομεν τὴν αἰτίαν τῶν παρόντων. 3ὁ δὲ Μενέλαος, οἰόμενος αὐτὸν λέγειν τὸν τοῦ πατρὸς θάνατον, ἐκλύων αὐτὸν τῆς ἀπολογίας φησί·  4μὴ τὸν θάνατον τοῦ πατρὸς προβαλλόμενος λέγε ὡς δι’ ἐκεῖνον τὴν μητέρα ἀποκτείνας εἰς τὰ παρόντα ἐμπέπτωκα.   —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   Orestes said ‘we have as a recourse for our misfortune’ because of Apollo, on the grounds that he ordered the killing. That is, we refer the cause/blame for the present situation to Apollo. But Menelaus, supposing that he is speaking of the death of his father, says, depriving him of his defence: Do not put forth the death of your father as a defence and say that ‘it is because I killed my mother on his behalf that I have fallen into the present difficulties’.

REF. SYMBOL: all (at 414 ἀναφορά ZZa, at 415 θάνατον others)

APP. CRIT.:   4 τοῦ πατρὸς om. Zb, app. Zl   |    ἐμπέπτωκας ZbZlTGu

APP. CRIT. 2:   3 φησίν ZbGu   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.129,19–24

COLLATION NOTES:   4 προβαλλόμενος om. Ta   |


Or. 414.03 (414–415) (rec exeg) ὁ μὲν Ὀρέστης τὸν Ἀπόλλωνα λέγει αἴτιον τῆς μανίας, ὁ δὲ Μενέλαος ᾤετο τὸν τοῦ πατρὸς λέγειν θάνατον. —Rf

POSITION: beside 416–417, first lines of 121v


Or. 414.04 (vet exeg) ἀλλ’ ἔστιν ἡμῖν ἀναφορά: 1ἐπεὶ εἶπεν ὁ Μενέλαος [413] ‘οὐ δεινὰ πάσχειν δεινὰ τοὺς εἰργασμένους’ καὶ κατέκρινεν αὐτὸν δεινὰ πεπραχέναι, φησὶν Ὀρέστης·  2ἀλλ’ ἔστιν ἡμῖν τῆς συμβάσης τύχης ἀναφορά, ὅ ἐστι·  3δυνάμεθα τοῦ συμβάντος πράγματος τὴν αἰτίαν ἀναγαγεῖν εἴς τινα, ὥστε μὴ εἶναι ἡμᾶς αἰτίους δεινῶν πράξεων.  4εἶτα ὁ Μενέλαος· μὴ θάνατον εἴπῃς τοῦ πατρός· οὐ γὰρ σοφόν.  5εἰ γὰρ καὶ διὰ τὸν πατέρα ἀνεῖλες τὴν μητέρα, δεινὰ πέπραχας·  6σὺ γὰρ οὐκ ὤφειλες θάνατον ἐπαγαγεῖν τῇ μητρί, ἀλλ’ ἡ δημοσία κρίσις.  7εἶτα Ὀρέστης λέγει ὅτι ὁ Ἀπόλλων ἔκρινε καὶ διὰ τοῦτο οὐ δεινὰ διεπραξάμην, εἴγε θεὸς ὁ κρίνας καὶ κελεύσας.  8εἶτα ὁ Μενέλαος· τοῦτο τὸ δεινὸν ἔκρινεν ἀμαθὴς ὤν.  9εἶτα Ὀρέστης· εἴτε ἀμαθεῖς εἴτε σοφοὶ οἱ θεοὶ οὐκ οἶδα, τοῦτο δὲ οἶδα ὅτι δουλεύομεν καὶ πειθόμεθα αὐτοῖς, ὁποῖοι ἄν εἰσιν, εἴτε σοφοὶ εἴτε φαῦλοι.  10εἶτα ὁ Μενέλαος· εἰ αὐτός σοι ἐκέλευσε, πῶς οὐκ ἐλεεῖ νοσοῦντα καὶ μαινόμενον;  11εἶτα Ὀρέστης· ἴσως ἐλεήσει, ἀεὶ γὰρ βραδύνει τὸ θεῖον.   —MaBVCPr, partial Mb

TRANSLATION:   Because Menelaus had said ‘it is not a shocking thing for those who have done terrible things to suffer the same’ and had condemned him as having done terrible things, Orestes says: But we have a recourse for the fortune that has befallen us, which is to say, we can refer the cause/blame for what happened to someone (else) so that we not be responsible for terrible deeds. Then Menelaus: Do not speak of the death of your father. That is not wise. For even if you killed your mother because of your father, you have done terrible things. For you should not have been the one imposing death on your mother, but (it should) rather (have been) the verdict of the people. Next, Orestes says that Apollo decided it and therefore I did not do terrible things, since the one who decided and commanded was a god. Then Menelaus: He decided on this terrible act, being ignorant. Then Orestes: I do not know whether the gods are ignorant or wise, but this I do know, that we are their slaves and we obey them, of whatever nature they are, whether wise or unwise. Then Menelaus: If he himself commanded you, how is it that he does not pity you in your sickness and madness? Then Orestes: Perhaps he will show pity, for the divine always acts slowly.

LEMMA: MaCPr, ἀλλ’ ἔστιν ἀναφορά B, ἀναφορὰ τῆς συμφορᾶς V      REF. SYMBOL: BV      POSITION: Mb s.l. at 415; as three sep. notes Pr (1–7, and after intervening sch. 416.01, 8–10 and 11)

APP. CRIT.:   1–4 ἐπεὶ εἶπεν … μενέλαος om. Mb   |    1–2 ἐπεὶ … ἀναφορά om. V   |    1 second δεινὰ om. CPr   |    τοῖς εἰργασμένοις MaC   |    κατέκρικεν app. Ma   |    δεινὰ πεπραχέναι] Schw., δεινὰ κεκρικέναι MaC, om. BPr   |    2 ὅ ἐστι] ἢ V, corr. V1   |    3 ἀγαγεῖν Pr   |    μὴ] νῦν Pr, om. V, with ἀναιτίους for αἰτίους   |    δεινῶν] δεῖνα Pr   |    4 τοῦ] τὸν τοῦ V   |    οὐ γὰρ] τοῦτο γὰρ οὐ BPr (οὐ s.l. Pr)   |    5 εἰ γὰρ καὶ] καὶ γὰρ Pr   |    διὰ τὸν] διὰ τὸν σὸν V, διὰ Mb   |    ἀνεῖλες] ἀνἦιλες Ma, ἀνῆλες Mb, πρὸς V   |    πέπρακας MaMbC   |    6–11 om. Mb   |    7 λέγει] ἀντιλέγει V   |    ὅτι ὁ ἀπόλλων] ὁ φοῖβος V   |    διεπράξαμεν C   |    εἴγε] εἰ γὰρ Ma   |    8 ἀμαθὴς ὢν transp. before τοῦτο B, ἀμαθὴς ὢν τοῦ καλοῦ transp. before τοῦτο Pr, ἀμαθὴς ὢν τοῦ καλοῦ V (without transposition)   |    9 οἱ om., add. s.l. B   |    δουλευόμεθα C   |    after αὐτοῖς add. ὅτι θεοὶ V   |    10 αὐτός] οὗτος V   |    σοι] σε Pr   |    11 ἀεὶ … θεῖον] τὸ δὲ θεῖον ἀεὶ μακροθυμεῖ V   |    after θεῖον add. καὶ μακροθυμεῖ Pr

APP. CRIT. 2:   7 ἔκρινεν Ma   |    9 (second) εἴτε ] εἶτε Ma   |    9 (third) εἴτε ] εἶτε Ma   |    10 ἐκέλευσεν Ma   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.143,4–18; Dind. II.129,25–130,14


Or. 414.05 (rec exeg) ἄλλως: 1ὅρα τὸ εὐφυὲς τοῦ ποιητοῦ, πῶς δι’ ἀμφοτέρων τῶν προσώπων τούτων, τοῦ Ὀρέστου καὶ τοῦ Μενελάου, τὰς ἐναντίας τῶν ἀνθρώπων δόξας ὑποδηλοῖ.  2ἐπεὶ γὰρ οἱ μὲν τῶν ἀνθρώπων λέγουσι τιμωρεῖν τὸ θεῖον τοῖς πάσχουσιν, οἱ δ’ ⟨ὅτι οἱ θεοὶ⟩ ἀδιαφοροῦσι, διὰ μὲν τοῦ Ὀρέστου τὸ βοηθεῖσθαι παρὰ τοῦ θείου τοὺς κάμνοντας συνίστησι, διὰ δὲ τοῦ Μενελάου σοφιστικῶς ἀπαγορεύει.  3ἐκεῖθεν δὲ τὴν ὑφὴν τοῦ λόγου προὐκατεσκεύασεν.  4εἰπόντος γὰρ τοῦ Μενελάου ἀπὸ τοῦ [409] ‘οἶδα μὲν αὐτὰς, ὀνομάσαι δ’ οὐ βούλομαι’ καὶ καθεξῆς, τοῦ Ὀρέστου εἰς μομφὴν τῶν Εὐμενίδων κινηθέντος ὁ Μενέλαος τρόπον τινὰ τοῦτον ἀπεστρέψατο  5εἰπὼν [411] ‘αὗταί σε βακχεύουσι συγγενεῖ φόνῳ’, δηλονότι ἃς κατευτελίζεις καὶ οὐ θέλεις καλεῖσθαι Εὐμενίδας λέγων [410] ‘εὐπαίδευτα δ’ ἀποτρέπου λέγειν’,  6ἤτοι ἀπόφευγε τὸ προστιθέμενον αὐταῖς ὄνομα, τὸ Εὐμενίδες, παρὰ τῶν εὖ πεπαιδευμένων καὶ σοφῶν λέγειν καὶ λέγε δήπουθεν τὸ οἰκεῖον αὐταῖς ὄνομα ἤγουν αἱ ἀλάστορες, αἱ Τελχῖνες, αἱ φονεύτριαι.  7πρὸς τὸ βακχεύουσιν ὁ Ὀρέστης ἐπιτατικῶς εἶπε τὸ [412] ‘οἴμοι διωγμῶν οἷς ἐλαύνομαι τάλας’, ὁ δ’ ἀντεῖπεν [413] ‘οὐ δεινὰ πάσχειν δεινὰ τοὺς εἰργασμένους’ ἤγουν μὴ τὰς θεὰς μέμφου, ἑαυτὸν δὲ τὸν αἴτιον τοῦ πάσχειν τὰ δεινὰ ὡς δεινὰ ἐργασάμενον.  8εἶτα ἐκείνου φεύγοντος τὴν πρᾶξιν καὶ πρὸς τὸν Φοῖβον ταύτην ἀναφέροντος ὁ Μενέλαος ἀπεστρέψατο μὴ εἶναι λέγων τὸ θεῖον ἀμαθὲς τοῦ καλοῦ καὶ τοῦ δικαίου.  9ἐκείνου δὲ ἐπιμείναντος τῇ ἐνστάσει καὶ λέξαντος ὅτι δουλεύομεν τοῖς θεοῖς, ἤτοι ποιοῦμεν ἃ παρ’ αὐτῶν κελευόμεθα κἂν μὴ λίαν ἐπιστάμεθα τί πρᾶγμά εἰσιν οἱ θεοί,  10ὁ Μενέλαος τὸν οἰκεῖον βουλόμενος συστῆσαι λόγον ὅτι οὐκ ἐκ θεοῦ ἐκεῖνο, ἀλλ’ ἐκ θυμοῦ τὸ πραχθέν, φησὶν ὅτι πάντως ἂν ἐβοήθησέ σοι ὁ θεὸς, εἴπερ καὶ προσέταξεν.  11ὡς δ’ εἶπεν ἐκεῖνος μέλλει τὸ θεῖον, ἤτοι βραδύνει ἐν ταῖς ἀντιδόσεσι ταῖς φαύλαις τε καὶ ταῖς ἀγαθαῖς ὡς ὂν φύσει τοιοῦτον, σοφιστικῶς ἐκεῖνος ἐπήγαγε τὸ [423] ‘ὡς ταχὺ μετῆλθόν σ’ αἷμα μητρὸς αἱ θεαί’, ἤτοι ἀπῄτησαν.  12ἔκλεψε δ’ αὐτὸν διὰ τῆς μέσης ἐρωτήσεως τῆς [421] ‘πόσον χρόνον δὲ μητρὸς οἴχονται πνοαί’.  13ἀποκριθέντος δ’ ἐκείνου τὸ πόσον τοῦ καιροῦ, ἀνεῖλεν ἐκεῖ τὸ μέλλει τὸ θεῖον διὰ τοῦ [423] ‘ὡς ταχὺ μετῆλθόν σ’ αἷμα μητρός’.   —V

TRANSLATION:   Observe the natural talent of the poet, how through both these characters, Orestes and Menelaus, he suggests the contradictory opinions of humans. For since some people say that the divine avenges those who suffer, while others say that the gods are indifferent, through Orestes he affirms the view that those in distress are aided by the divine, but through Menelaus he denies this through sophistic argumentation. From that point he made a preliminary exposure of the web of the argument. For after Menelaus has pronounced his speech from the line ‘I know them, but I do not want to name them’ and what follows that, and Orestes has been moved toward reproach of the Eumenides, Menelaus in a certain way turned him away from his point, by saying ‘these (goddesses) drive you mad because of kindred bloodshed’, namely (the goddesses) whom you (Orestes) disparage and do not want to be called Eumenides when you say ‘avoid speaking in the manner of a well-educated person’, in other words, avoid speaking the name Eumenides that is applied to them by those who are well educated and wise, and say rather the name that is proper to them, that is, ‘alastores’ (‘avenging demons’), Telchines, murderesses. In response to ‘they drive you mad’ Orestes said with intensity ‘Woe is me for the persecution by which I am driven, wretched man’, and the other said in contradiction ‘It is not a shocking thing for those who have done terrible things to suffer the same’, meaning do not reproach the goddesses, but rather yourself, the one responsible for suffering terrible things because you did them. Next, when Orestes tries to disown the deed and refers it to Phoebus, Menelaus rejected this point by saying the divine is not ignorant of what is good and just. When he (Orestes) persisted in the objection and said ‘we are slaves to the gods’, that is, we do what we are commanded to do by them even if we do not really understand what the gods are, Menelaus, desiring to confirm his own argument that that deed did not come from a god, but from strong emotion, says that by all means the god would have come to your rescue if he had in fact given the order. And when that one (Orestes) said ‘the divine procrastinates’, that is, acts slowly both in bad and good repayments (for human action), because the divine is such by nature, that other (Menelaus) added sophistically the point ‘how swiftly the goddesses pursued you for the bloodshed of your mother’, that is, demanded their due. He tricked him (Orestes) with the intervening question, ‘how long since your mother breathed her last?’ When that one (Orestes) replied with the quantity of time, he (Menelaus) refuted at the point the claim ‘the divine procrastinates’ with his ‘How swiftly they pursued you for the bloodshed of your mother’.

APP. CRIT.:   2 suppl. Mastr.   |   4 ἀπεστρέψατο Schw., ἀπεπέμψατο V   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.143,19–144,23; Dind. II.130,15–131,21

COMMENT:   See Prelim. Stud. 200–203.


Or. 414.06 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: μετ(αφορὰ)  —O

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.07 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: ἀνακωχή  —MnRS

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.08 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: κουφισμὸς  —V1

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.09 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: μετάθεσις  —V3AaAbCrRMnSOxY2B3a

POSITION: R marg., others s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   joined to sch. 414.08, adding καὶ, V3   |    καὶ prep. AaCrOx   |    app. μετάθεσιν B3a


Or. 414.10 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: συγγνώμη  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.11 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: πρόφασις μετάθεσις ἄνεσις —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.12 (rec gram) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: θεία λέξις  —Pr

TRANSLATION:   Term properly applicable to gods. (or: Divine utterance.)

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   θεία λέξις is a specifically Eustathian expression with the meaning ‘term properly applicable to gods’; he applies it to ἄναξ, σέβειν, καθαίρειν, παντοῦργος, πάπας, etc. Once in ps-Chrysostomus the juncture is found with the meaning ‘divine utterance’ (de sacerdotio, Bk. 7, PG 48.1070, 35).


Or. 414.13 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: ἀνάθεσις  —GK

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.14 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: ἀφορμή  —Sar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: ἀνάμνησις  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩:  παραμυθία  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  παραμυθίας Zu


Or. 414.17 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: εἰς Ἀπόλλωνα γὰρ ἀναφέρει  —ZlGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   γὰρ ἀναφέρει om. Zl


Or. 414.18 (tri metr) ⟨ἀναφορὰ⟩: long mark over final alpha  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 414.19 (vet paraphr) ⟨τῆς ξυμφορᾶς⟩: τῶν συμβάντων πραγμάτων  —MBPr

TRANSLATION:   (‘Of the event’ here means) ‘of the events that occurred’.

POSITION: s.l. MPr, marg. B

APP. CRIT.:   τὸ συμβὰν τῶν πραγμάτων Pr

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.143,3; Dind. II.129,25


Or. 414.20 (mosch gloss) ⟨τῆς ξυμφορᾶς⟩: τοῦ συμβεβηκότος  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X


Or. 414.21 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τῆς συμφορᾶς⟩: καὶ τῆς δυστυχίας  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.22 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τῆς συμφορᾶς⟩: τῆς θλίψεως  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.23 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τῆς συμφορᾶς⟩: ἧς πάσχω  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 414.24 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τῆς συμφορᾶς⟩: ἕνεκεν  —F

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐνεκεν app. F   |


Or. 415.01 (vet exeg) μὴ θάνατον εἴπῃς: 1ὁ μὲν τὸν Ἀπόλλωνα ᾐνίξατο αἴτιον τῆς μανίας, ὁ δὲ ᾤετο τὸν τοῦ πατρὸς λέγειν θάνατον.  2ἐκκλείων οὖν αὐτὸν ἀπολογίας φησὶ·  3μὴ λέγε τὸν θάνατον τοῦ πατρὸς μηδ’ αὐτὸς ἁμαρτὼν εἰς τὸν πατέρα ἀνάφερε τὴν ἁμαρτίαν.  4εὔηθες γὰρ τὸ αὐτόν τινα ἁμαρτάνοντα ἄλλῳ περιτιθέναι τὴν αἰτίαν.   —MBCPrRw

TRANSLATION:   The one (Orestes) hinted that Apollo was responsible for his madness, but the other (Menelaus) thought he was speaking of the death of his father. Therefore, blocking him out of a defence, he says: ‘Do not speak of the death of your father, nor when you yourself did the wrong refer the wrong to your father’. For it is foolish for a person who has himself committed a wrong to attach the blame to another.

LEMMA: MBCPr; φοῖβος Rw       REF. SYMBOL: B

APP. CRIT.:   1 τοῦ πατρὸς] τῆς μητρὸς MC   |    2 ἀποκλείων MCRw, ἐγκλείων Pr   |    αὐτὸν ἀπολογίας] αὐτὸν Rw, αὐτῷ MC   |    3 τοῦ πατρὸς] σοι τῆς μητρὸς ἀπὸ μανίας MC, τοῦ πατρὸς ἀπὸ μανίας Rw   |    ἁμαρτήσας B   |    εἰς τὴν μητέρα MCRw   |    ἀνάφερε τὴν ἁμαρτίαν] ἁμαρτίαν εἰς ἄλλον ἀνατίθει Rw   |    4 τὸν αὐτὸν τινὰ MCRw   |    ἄλλῳ] ἀλλα M   |    αἰτίαν] ἁμαρτίαν BPr   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   3 μὴ δὲ Pr   |    ἁμαρτῶν MC   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.144,24–28; Dind. II.131,29–132,3

COMMENT:   The version of MC is extraordinarily different. Perhaps an instance of πρϲ was misread as μρϲ and then other instances were made to conform. But there are corruptions beyond that, and MC may descend from unsuccessful decipherment of a damaged note in an exemplar. See also 415.09 for the view that it is the mother’s death and not the father’s.


Or. 415.02 (vet exeg) ⟨μὴ θάνατον εἴπῃς⟩: 1σὺ γὰρ, φησὶν, αὐτὸς αἴτιος τυγχάνεις. ἢ οὕτω·  2μὴ ὀνομάσῃς τὸν {περὶ} μητρὸς φόνον μηδὲ λέγε ὅτι τοῦτον προστέταξαι παρὰ τοῦ κρείττονος πράττειν.  3οὐ γὰρ ἁρμόζει θεῷ τὸ πρόσταγμα, ὅθεν σιώπα καὶ κρύπτε τὸ ἀμαθὲς τοῦ δαίμονος.  4ἢ μὴ εἰς τὴν εἱμαρμένην καὶ τὸν θάνατον ἀνενέγκῃς·  5οὐ γάρ ἐστι σοφὸν τοῦτο.   —MCRw

TRANSLATION:   (Do not mention death) because, he (Menelaus) says, you yourself are to blame. Or take it this way: Do not mention the killing of your mother nor claim that you were commanded to carry this out by a stronger power. For the command is not fitting for a god, and therefore keep silent about and conceal the folly of the divinity. Or (the sense is) do not refer the matter to destiny and death. For that is not wise.

POSITION: cont. from sch. 415.01 all

APP. CRIT.:   1 αἴτιος αὐτὸς transp. Rw   |    2 περὶ del. Schw.   |    τῆς μητρὸς Rw   |    προσέταξε περὶ C   |    3 ἁρμόζει θεῷ] θεῶν C   |    τοῦτο add. before τὸ Rw   |    πρόσταγμα] πράγμα (sic) M   |    ἀπαθὲς MCRw   |    4 ἢ μὴ] εἰ μὴ M   |    ἀνενέγκης αἰτίαν C, ἀπενέγκης τὴν αἰτίαν Rw   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 οὕτω] οὕτως CRw, changed to οὗτος C   |    3 ἀρμόζει M   |    4 ἡμαρμ() M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.144,29–145,2; Dind. II.132,3–7


Or. 415.03 (vet exeg) ἄλλως: τὸν θάνατον τοῦ πατρός. τοῦτο γὰρ οὐ βέβαιον· οὐ γὰρ δεῖ ἀντιφονεύειν τοὺς φονέας.  —MCPrRw

TRANSLATION:   (He means) the death of his father. For this is not a secure point. For one should not kill the killers in return.

LEMMA: M (ἀλλὰ); μὴ θάνατον εἴπης Rw      POSITION: cont. from 415.02 MC; s.l. Pr

APP. CRIT.:   βέβαιον] δίκαιον Pr   |    οὐ γὰρ om. M

APP. CRIT. 2:   βαίβεον M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,3–4; Dind. II.132,7–8


Or. 415.04 (rec exeg) ἄλλως: ὁ Μενέλαος βουλόμενος αὐτὸν θανεῖν λέγει †τὸ νομίζον ὅτι μέλλει λέγειν θάνατον, ἐν ἑαυτῷ βουλόμενος τὸν θάνατον ἀγαγεῖν.†  —CRw

TRANSLATION:   Menelaus, wanting him to die, (remainder is corrupt in Greek; if emended, the sense might be:) uses the term ‘death’ (or: says this?), as if believing that he (Orestes) is about to say mention ‘death’, because he wants to impose death on himself.

LEMMA: ἄλλως C, ἢ καὶ ἄλλως Rw      POSITION: cont. from sch. 415.03 Rw

APP. CRIT.:   τὸ νομιζόμενον ὅτι μέλλει⟨ς⟩ λέγειν θάνατον {ἐν ἑαυτῷ βουλόμενος θανεῖν} conj. Schw.; τὸ ⟨θάνατον⟩ (or ⟨τοῦ⟩το), ⟨ὥσπερ⟩ νομίζων ὅτι μέλλει λέγειν θανεῖν {ἐν} ἑαυτῷ βουλόμενος τὸν θάνατον ἀγαγεῖν Mastr. (cf. next sch.)   |    ἐν αὐτῷ Rw   |    τὸν θάνατον om. C   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,5–6


Or. 415.05 (rec exeg) ⟨μὴ θάνατον εἴπῃς⟩: εἰ σὺ ἁμαρτὼν ἀναφέρεις εἰς τὸν πατέρα τὴν ἁμαρτίαν. ἢ θάνατον βούλει ἀγαγεῖν ἑαυτῷ;  —O

TRANSLATION:   (Do not say this) if, having yourself committed a wrong, you refer the wrongdoing to your father. Or (the sense is) do you want to impose death on yourself?


Or. 415.06 (rec exeg) ⟨μὴ θάνατον εἴπῃς⟩: μὴ εἴπῃς ἀνακωχὴν τῶν κακῶν τὸν θάνατον.  —AbMnSa

TRANSLATION:   Do not speak of death as a cessation of troubles.

POSITION: s.l. Mn; in Sa phrase wrongly inserted before ὑπομιμνήσκειν in sch. 411.01

APP. CRIT.:   εἶπ a.c. Mn (app. corr. by rubr.)   |   ἀνακ. τῶν κακ. om. Ab


Or. 415.07 (pllgn exeg)⟨μὴ θάνατον⟩: τοῦ πατρὸς εἴπῃς καὶ τὸν Ἀπόλλωνα ἢ τὴν τύχην ἢ τὴν εἱμαρμένην αἰτιάσῃ· οὐ γὰρ σοφὸν τοῦτο.  —V3

TRANSLATION:   Do (not) mention (the death) of your father and blame Apollo or fortune or destiny. For that is not wise.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 415.08 (pllgn exeg) ⟨θάνατον εἴπῃς⟩: τοῦ πατρὸς ἀναφέρῃς  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 415.09 (rec gloss) ⟨θάνατον⟩: μητρός  —OV

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   μητρὸς V, πατρὸς V3


Or. 415.10 (pllgn exeg) ⟨θάνατον⟩: τὸ φονεῦσαι σε σεαυτὸν  —V3

POSITION: s.l.

COLLATION NOTES:  A later hand has cancelled these words with two thin lines in yellowish ink.


Or. 415.11 (pllgn exeg) ⟨θάνατον⟩: ἤτοι (?)ἀϊστῶσαι σε  —B3c

POSITION: s.l.

COLLATION NOTES:   Very faint; certainly not room for τὸ θανατῶσαι or even just θανατῶσαι, which one might expect.   |


Or. 415.12 (mosch exeg) ⟨θάνατον⟩: τὸν τοῦ πατρὸς δηλονότι  —XaXbXoT*YYfGrZcAa2CrOx

TRANSLATION:  (‘Death’, that is,) clearly, that of his father.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τόν om. CrOx   |

COLLATION NOTES:  Aa2 writes τὸν at some distance before Aa’s τοῦ πατρὸς and adds δηλ. right after it.


Or. 415.13 (recThom exeg) ⟨θάνατον⟩: τοῦ πατρὸς  —V3AaFGKZZmZb

POSITION: s.l. (above εἴπῃς)


Or. 415.14 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨θάνατον⟩: τὸν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 415.15 (thom gloss) ⟨εἴπῃς⟩: ἀναφορὰν  —ZZbZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἀναφορὰς Zb


Or. 415.16 (rec gloss) ⟨τοῦτο⟩: εἰ λέγεις  —O

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 415.17 (pllgn exeg) ⟨τοῦτο⟩: τὸ λέγειν τὴν αἰτίαν δι’ ἣν ἀπέθανεν ὁ πατήρ  —Xo2

POSITION: marg.


Or. 415.18 (mosch gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφόν⟩: οὐ φρόνιμον  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   οὐ] ἢ G


Or. 415.19 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφόν⟩: οὐ καλόν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 415.20 (vet gloss) ⟨σοφόν⟩: (?)καλόν ἐστι(?)  —B

POSITION: marg.

COLLATION NOTES:   Washed out and uncertain: check original B.   |


Or. 415.21 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σοφόν⟩: καὶ καλὸν ὑπάρχει  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 415.22 (thom gloss) ⟨σοφόν⟩: ἐστί  —ZZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 415.23 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σοφόν⟩: ὑπάρχει  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.01 (rec exeg) Φοῖβος κελεύσας: 1ἀπὸ κοινοῦ οὕτως συντάξεις ὅτι ἐκέλευσεν ἂν τοῦτο ὁ Φοῖβος καὶ ἐπιστεύθης ἀληθεύειν, ἐὰν ἦν ἀμαθέστερος καὶ πλέον σοῦ ἀμαθὴς τοῦ καλοῦ καὶ τοῦ δικαίου.  2τοῦτο δὲ εἶπεν ὡς φαυλίσας τὴν ἀναφοράν, ὡς τάχα ψευσαμένου τοῦ Ὀρέστου καὶ τούτῳ τῷ τρόπῳ φεύγοντος τὴν μομφὴν τοῦ μητρικοῦ φόνου.  3κρείσσων γὰρ ἂν ἦν ἡ αἰτία, ἐὰν ἦν αὕτη ὁ θάνατος τοῦ πατρός, τοῦ θεὸν ⟨* * * ⟩   —VPr

TRANSLATION:   You will construe this in common (‘apo koinou’, i.e., continuing the syntax from the previous line) in this way, that Phoebus would have commanded this and you would have been believed to be speaking truly, if he (the god) were more ignorant (‘amathesteros’), that is to say, more ignorant than you of what is fine and just. He (Menelaus) said this as one who dismissed as unimportant the reference (of the action to the god) on the grounds that perhaps Orestes made the story up and is trying in this way to escape the reproach for the murder of his mother. For the cause would have been greater, if this (cause) were the death of his father, †(gen.) the (acc.) god … (left unfinished)

REF. SYMBOL: V

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἀμαθῶς VPr, corr. Schw.   |    2 φεύγοντι Pr   |    3 κρεῖσσον VPr, corr. Schw.   |    ἂν om. V   |    at end empty space left by V (more than half a full-width line) and sign of omission added in marg.; Pr ends with normal punctuation for end of sch.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,7–12; Dind. II.131,22–27


Or. 416.02 (rec exeg) ὁ Ἀπόλλων ἔκρινε καὶ διὰ τοῦτο οὐ δεινὰ ἐπράξαμεν εἴ γε ὁ θεὸς ἔκρινεν.  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.03 (pllgn paraphr) οὐ τοῦτο βούλομαι εἰπεῖν δηλονότι, ἀλλ’ ὁ Φοῖβος.  —Lp

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.132,10–11


Or. 416.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Φοῖβος⟩: ὁ Ἀπόλλων  —Za

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.05 (recThom artGloss) ⟨Φοῖβος⟩:  —F2MnZZmGuXoOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.06 (recThom gloss) ⟨Φοῖβος⟩: ὑπάρχει ἀναφορά  —KZmGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ὁ add. before ὑπάρχει Gu (implying ὁ φοῖβος)   |    ἀναφορά om. K


Or. 416.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Φοῖβος⟩: ἐστὶ  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.08 (rec gloss) ⟨Φοῖβος⟩: ἦν  —AaAbMnPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.09 (thom exeg) ⟨κελεύσας⟩: ἐμὲ τοῦτον ἐργάσασθαι  —ZZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (With ‘having ordered’ supply) ‘me to perform this (murder)’.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   -σεσθαι Zb   |


Or. 416.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κελεύσας⟩: προστάξας  —CrOxZa

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ ὁ prep. CrOx


Or. 416.11 (rec gloss) ⟨κελεύσας⟩: ἐμὲ  —AbMn2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.12 (rec artGloss) ⟨κελεύσας⟩:  —AbF2Pr2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.13 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨μητρὸς⟩: τῆς  —F2Mn2Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.14 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἐκπρᾶξαι⟩: διαπράξασθαι  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrAa2GZc

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   -πρᾶξαι Y


Or. 416.15 (thom gloss) ⟨ἐκπρᾶξαι⟩: τελέσαι  —ZZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἐμὲ add. Zm


Or. 416.16 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐκπρᾶξαι⟩: τελειῶσαι  —VAaPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.17 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐκπρᾶξαι⟩: διεργάσασθαι  —GK

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐκπρᾶξαι⟩: καὶ ποιῆσαι  —CrF2Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.19 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐκπρᾶξαι⟩: ὥστε  —AaMn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 416.20 (rec artGloss) ⟨φόνον⟩: τὸν  —F2Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.01 (vet exeg) ἀμαθέστερός γ’ ὤν: 1εἰ τοῦτο ἐκέλευσεν, ἀμαθής ἐστιν, ἵνα ἐκ τῶν ἐναντίων δηλώσῃ ὅτι οὐκ ἐκέλευσεν ὁ θεός·  2οὐ γάρ ἐστιν ὁ θεὸς ἀμαθής.   —MBVCMnPrRbRwSSa

TRANSLATION:   If he commanded this, he is ignorant, (which Menelaus says) in order to show from the opposite that the god did not command (it). For the god is not ignorant.

LEMMA: MBVPr, ἀμαθέστερός γ’ ὢν τοῦ καλοῦ C, ἀμαθέστερὸς ὢν MnRbRwSSa(in dark ink as if start of note)      REF. SYMBOL: BVRb      POSITION: cont. from sch. 413.01 Sa

APP. CRIT.:   1 εἰ] εἰς BPr   |    τοῦτο om. Rb   |    φησὶν add. after first ἐκέλ. BPrRw   |    ἐστιν] ὢν Pr   |    ἐκ τῶν ἐκ τῶν V   |    τοῦ ἐναντίου BPr   |    δουλώση Mn   |    second ἐκέλευσεν] ἔλεξεν Pr   |    2 οὐ γὰρ … ἀμαθής] οὐδὲ προσέταξε τοῦτο ποιῆσαι V, δηλονότι οὐ προσέταξε τοῦτο ποιῆσαι MnRb(προέτ‑)SSa   |    ἐστι θεὸς Rw   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 first ἐκέλευσε BPrRw   |    ἐστι MnS   |    ἵν’ app. B   |    perhaps δηλώσει M   |    second ἑκέλευσε B   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,13–15; Dind. II.132,13–15


Or. 417.02 (vet exeg) ἄλλως: 1μετὰ συλλογισμοῦ τοῦτο εἴρηκεν·  2εἰ γὰρ οὐκ ἀμαθὴς ὁ θεός, δῆλον ὅτι οὐδὲ προσέταξε τοῦτο ποιεῖν.   —MBVCMnPrRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   Menelaus said this using a syllogism. For if the god is not ignorant, it is clear that neither did he command (Orestes) to do this.

LEMMA: MBCPr, καὶ ἄλλως MnRbSSa, ἀλλὰ V      POSITION: cont. from sch. 417.01 V

APP. CRIT.:   1 μετὰ … εἴρηκεν] τοῦτο ἐκ συλλ. εἴρηκεν V, τοῦτο ἐκ συλλ. εἴρηται MnRbSSa   |    2 εἰ] οὐ Rb   |    δῆλον ὅτι om. VMnSSa   |    οὐδὲ] οὐ VMnRbSSa   |    τοῦτο ποιεῖν] blank space left by V, ποιῆσαι add. V1   |    ποιεῖν om. MnSSa

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,16–17; Dind. II.132,15–16

KEYWORDS:  συλλογισμός


Or. 417.03 (rec exeg) συλλογίζεται  —Pr

POSITION: marg.


Or. 417.04 (rec exeg) γρ. ἀμαθέστερός γ’ ὢν τοῦ καλοῦ καὶ τῆς δίκης.  —MnR

POSITION: marg. R, between 423.01 and 424.01 Mn

APP. CRIT.:   γρ. om. Mn   |    γ’ ὢν] γ’ ὢ Mn, om. R

COMMENT:   MnR are among the many mss that lack γ’ in this line, hence the annotation of the correct version.

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 417.05 (rec exeg) κατ’ ἐρώτησιν  —AbMnRS

POSITION: marg. R, s.l. AbMnS

COMMENT:   Reinterpretation of a statement as a question is a strategy for removing something that seems objectionable (cf. 97.02, 97.03); here the strategy satisfies an educational or philosophical/religious viewpoint.

KEYWORDS:  theological amelioration


Or. 417.06 (rec exeg) διότι ἆρα  —R

POSITION: marg.


Or. 417.07 (thom exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: 1θέλει ἐνταῦθα δεῖξαι ὁ Μενέλαος τῷ Ὀρέστῃ ὅτι οὐχ ὁ Ἀπόλλων προσέταξεν αὐτῷ τὸν τῆς μητρὸς φόνον, ἀλλ’ οἴκοθεν ἐργασάμενος τοῦτον, ἐπεὶ δυστυχεῖ, προβάλλεται τὸν Ἀπόλλωνα.  2ἐδήλωσε δὲ τοῦτο διὰ τὸ εἰπεῖν ‘ἀμαθέστερος ὢν’.  3πρὸς ὃ ὁ Ὀρέστης ἀπαντᾷ λέγων·  4ὑποτασσόμεθα τοῖς θεοῖς, ὅ τι ἄρα εἰσί, εἴτε ἀμαθεῖς εἴτε μή.   —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   Menelaus here wants to show Orestes that Apollo did not command him (to carry out) the killing of his mother, but that having performed this of his own volition, once he suffers misfortune, he puts Apollo forward as a pretext. He (Menelaus) indicated this by saying ‘being rather ignorant’. To which Orestes counters by saying: We are subordinate to the gods, whatever they in fact are, whether ignorant or not.

REF. SYMBOL: all      POSITION: after 420.18 Zm (correct order marked with β and α)

APP. CRIT.:   1 οἴκοθεν] οἴ Zb   |    ἐπειδὴ ZmGu [Zl lost to trimming]   |    2 διὰ τοῦ εἰπεῖν ZbTGu [Zl]   |    after ὢν add. τοῦ καλοῦ καὶ τῆς δίκης Za   |    3 ὁ om. ZbTGu [Zl]   |    4 ὅ τι ZZa, ὅπερ ZbZmTGu [Zl]   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   4 ἆρα Zb [Zl]   |    εἰσίν ZlT   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.132,17–21


Or. 417.08 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: τοῦτο ἐπρόσταξεν  —O

POSITION: marg.

COMMENT:  ἐπρόσταξα for προσέταξα is common in medieval Greek, and there are other verbs in προσ‑ that sometimes show the same kind of augment in Byzantine Greek.

KEYWORDS:  Byzantine vernacular word/form/usage


Or. 417.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: ἀμέθεκτος  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: ἀμέτοχος  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: μωρὸς  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: καὶ ἀπαίδευτος  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.13 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: ὁ θεὸς  —AbMnRS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ὢν add. Ab


Or. 417.14 (vet exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀμαθής ἐστιν  —MBVC

POSITION: s.l., except B marg.

APP. CRIT.:   ἀντὶ τοῦ] ἐν ἤθει ἵν’ ᾖ B, om. C   |    ἐστιν om. BVC

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,18; Dind. II.132,12–13


Or. 417.15 (recMosch exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: ἀμαθὴς  —MnPrXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2ZuB3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἀντὶ τοῦ prep. PrZu

COMMENT:   The unfinished gloss ἀ on this word in S may have been the beginning of ἀμαθὴς (or of ἀπόλλων, 417.24).


Or. 417.16 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: ὡς τὸ ‘νεώτερος ἐγενόμην’ [Psalm 36.25] ἀντὶ τοῦ νέος.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   (The comparative adjective is used) as in (the phrase) ‘I became younger’ meaning ‘young’.

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   Symmachus (quoted by Eusebius, comm. in Psalm., PG 23.333,6) explains the passage in Psalm 36 as equivalent to νέος ἐγενόμην.

KEYWORDS:  citation of literature other than Homer (with direct quotation)   |   Psalms


Or. 417.17 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: τὸ συγκριτικὸν ⟨ἀντὶ ἁπλοῦ⟩  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.18 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: ἀντὶ ἁπλοῦ  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.19 (rec gram) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: Ἀττικὸν  —VPr

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικόν/Ἀττικῶς


Or. 417.20 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: σαρκασμὸς  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἀρκασμ()` Rf

COMMENT:   Rf’s ἀρκασμός is not an attested word (note, however, Hesych. ε 5922 ἐρκάζειν· σκώπτειν, a hapax). The next two notes support the correction.

COLLATION NOTES:   There is no suspended omicron over the final mu, only a diagonal that I interpret as grave accent; it is less likely to be the abbreviation for ‑ον (with accent omitted).   |


Or. 417.21 (rec exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: σαρδώνιος γέλως  —Rw

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.22 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: κατ’ εἰρωνείαν  —G

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  εἰρωνεία/εἰρωνικῶς


Or. 417.23 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀμαθέστερος⟩: σοῦ  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.24 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὢν⟩: ὁ Ἀπόλλων  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.25 (mosch gloss) ⟨τῆς δίκης⟩: τοῦ δικαίου  —VrecXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. Vrec


Or. 417.26 (recThom gloss) ⟨τῆς δίκης⟩: δικαιοσύνης  —CrPrZZaZbZlZmTOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τῆς prep. ZaZl, καὶ prep. Pr, καὶ τῆς prep. CrOx

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.132,22


Or. 417.27 (pllgn exeg) ⟨τῆς δίκης⟩: τῆς δικαιοσύνης εἰ τοῦτο ἐκέλευσεν  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.28 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τῆς δίκης⟩: κρίσεως  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 417.29 (pllgn exeg) ⟨τῆς δίκης⟩: ἐκέλευσε σὲ τοιαῦτα πρᾶξαι.  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.01 (vet exeg) δουλεύομεν θεοῖς: 1†ἀνθρώπων ἐχόντων τὴν μορφήν.†  2ἢ ὁποίας ὦσι δυνάμεως ἢ κρίσεως, δουλεύομεν αὐτοῖς.  3τοῦτο δὲ πρὸς τὸ ‘ἀμαθέστερός γ’ ὤν’.   —MBCPr

TRANSLATION:   (corrupt phrase untranslated) or, of whatever power or judgment the gods may be, we are slaves to them. This is directed at the words ‘being rather ignorant’.

LEMMA: δουλεύσομεν θεοῖς Pr       REF. SYMBOL: B

APP. CRIT.:   1 δουλεύομεν αὐτοῖς ἀνθρώπων ἔχουσι τ. μ. Barnes (but mss punctuate first two words as lemma); a corruption of the first sentence of sch. 418.02, as Schw. indicated   |    2 (second) ἢ] B, καὶ C, om. M   |    αὐτοῖς] αὐτὴν Pr   |    3 γ’ ὤν om. MC

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,19–21; Dind. II.132,25–133,2


Or. 418.02 (rec exeg) δουλεύομεν θεοῖς: 1ἀνεπίγνωστον γὰρ ἔχουσι τοῖς ἀνθρώποις τὴν γνώμην.  2ὁποίας ἄρα, φησὶν, εἰσὶ δυνάμεως, δουλεύομεν αὐτοῖς.   —VMnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   For they (the gods) keep their judgment inscrutable to humans. He says, of whatever power they are then, we are slaves to them.

LEMMA: Rb, δουλεύομεν V(washed out)MnSSa      REF. SYMBOL: VRb

APP. CRIT.:   1 τοῖς ἀνθ. om., in marg. add. Mn   |    2 ὁποῖα S   |    καὶ ὅμως add. before δουλεύομεν MnRbSSa   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 ἆρα S   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,25–6; Dind. II.132,23–25


Or. 418.03 (rec exeg) δουλεύομεν θεοῖς: εἴτε ἀμαθεῖς εἴτε σοφοὶ οἱ θεοὶ οὐκ οἶδα, τοῦτο δὲ οἶδα ὅτι δουλεύομεν καὶ πειθόμεθα αὐτοῖς, ὁποῖοι ἄν εἰσιν, εἴτε σοφοὶ εἴτε φαῦλοι.  —Pr

COMMENT:   Cf. sch. 414.04 (9).


Or. 418.04 (rec gloss) ⟨δουλεύομεν⟩: πειθόμεθα  —AbMnRS

LEMMA: δουλεύσωμεν in text Mn       POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   πειθώμεθα Mn


Or. 418.05 (recMosch gloss) ⟨δουλεύομεν⟩: ὑποταττόμεθα  —V1PrXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤτοι prep. V1, ἤγουν prep. Pr   |   τοῖς (scil. θεοῖς) add. G

APP. CRIT. 2:   -τασσ‑ V1PrT   |


Or. 418.06 (thom gloss) ⟨δουλεύομεν⟩: ὑπακούομεν  —ZZaZlZmTGuCrOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 418.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δουλεύομεν⟩: καὶ ὑπηρετοῦμεν  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:  ὑπηρετοῦμε Zu

KEYWORDS:  Byzantine vernacular word/form/usage


Or. 418.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δουλεύομεν⟩: ὑποκείμεθα  —AaF2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.09 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨θεοῖς⟩: τοῖς  —F2Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.10 (vet exeg) ὅ τι ποτ’ εἰσὶν ⟨οἱ⟩ θεοί: 1ἀκαίρως τοῦτο·  2ἑώρακε γὰρ τὸν Ἀπόλλωνα καὶ ἀκήκοεν αὐτοῦ {αἴτιον}·  3ὡσεί τις ἰδὼν ἀετὸν λέγει· τί ποτέ ἐστιν; ἦ ἀετός;   —MBCPr

TRANSLATION:   This comment (is made) inopportunely. For he (Orestes) saw Apollo and heard him. It is as if someone who saw an eagle says: ‘What in the world is it? An eagle?’.

LEMMA: M(εἰσὶ)C(ὅτί), ὅτί ποτ’ εἰσί (ἄλλως in marg.) B, ἄλλως· ὅτι πάντα εἰσιν Pr

APP. CRIT.:   1 τούτου a.c. Pr   |    2 ἑωρακὼς MC   |    τόν ἀπόλλωνα καὶ ἀκ. αὐτοῦ] ἀκήκοε τὸν ἀπόλλωνα BPr   |    ἀκηκοὼς MC   |    αὐτοῦ] αὐτὸν Dind. (as if in M), om. BPr   |    αἴτιον del. Mastr.   |    3 ὡσεί] εἴ MC   |    ἀετὸν om., add. s.l. C   |    ἦ] Schw., ἢ BCPr, om. M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.145,22–25; Dind. II.133,2–4

COMMENT:   αἴτιον could be a corruption of a variant αὐτὸν for αὐτοῦ, or of an anticipation of ἀετὸν.


Or. 418.11 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ὅ τι ποτ’ εἰσὶν θεοί⟩: ὁποῖοι εἰσιν ἢ καλοὶ ἢ φαῦλοι, πρέπον ἀκούειν αὐτοὺς.  —Gu

LEMMA: thus in text Gu (ὅτί)       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.12 (rec exeg) ⟨ὅ τι ποτ’ εἰσὶ θεοὶ⟩: μὴ εἰδότες ὁποῖοι εἰσὶν κἄντε ἀγαθοὶ κἄντε κακοὶ  —MnPr

LEMMA: thus in text Pr(πότ’), ὅτί ποτι’ εἰσὶ θεοὶ in text Mn       POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τὸ ποῖοι Mn   |


Or. 418.13 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ὅ τι ποτ’ εἰσὶν οἱ θεοὶ⟩: ὁποίας ὦσι δυνάμεως οὐκ οἴδαμεν ἢ κρίσεως  —Y2

LEMMA: thus in text Y(πότ’)       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.14 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ὅ τι ποτ’ εἰσὶ θεοὶ⟩: ἤτοι ὁποίας εἰσὶ δυνάμεως οὐ γινώσκομεν ἢ ὅτι εἰσὶ  —V3

LEMMA: thus in text V(ὅτί)       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.15 (rec gloss) ⟨ὅ τι ποτ’ εἰσὶν θεοὶ⟩: ἀγνοοῦμεν  —GK

LEMMA: thus in text G(ὃτί sic)K       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.16 (rec gloss) ⟨ὅ τι ποτ’ εἰσὶ θεοί⟩: κἂν ὦσι θεοὶ  —AbR

LEMMA: thus in text AbR (ὅτί both)       POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ὦσι θεοὶ om. Ab


Or. 418.17 (thom exeg) ⟨ὅ τι ποτ’ εἰσὶ θεοί⟩: ἀμαθεῖς εἴτε τοὐναντίον  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (‘Whatever the gods are’, namely,) ignorant or the opposite.

LEMMA: thus in text ZZaTGuZu(ὅτί all, εἰσὶν TGu), ὅτί ποτ’ εἰσιν οἱ θεοί Zl, ὅτ’ εἰσί ποτε θεοί Zm       POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   εἴτε prep. ZaT, ἢ prep. Zl   |    εἴτε] ἢ ZZbZl


Or. 418.18 (rec gloss) ⟨ὅτι ποτ’⟩: διότι ἆρα  —S

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.19 (rec gloss) ⟨ὅτι⟩: καὶ διὰ τί  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.20 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὅτι⟩: καὶ τί  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.21 (rec exeg) ⟨ποτ’⟩: παρέλκον  —Pr

TRANSLATION:   (The word ‘pote’ is) superfluous.

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  παρέλκει/παρέλκον


Or. 418.22 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ποτ’⟩: ἄρα  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.23 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἰσὶ⟩: καὶ ὑπάρχουσι  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 418.24 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨θεοί⟩: οἱ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 419.01 (vet exeg) κᾆτ’ οὐκ ἀμύνει: 1πανούργως ἔχει πᾶσα ἡ ἐρώτησις.  2ὁ μὲν γάρ φησιν ὅτι ὁ Ἀπόλλων μοι ἐκέλευσεν ἀνελεῖν τὴν μητέρα, ὁ δὲ ἀντεπάγει·  3καὶ πῶς ὁ κελεύσας ἀνελεῖν τὴν μητέρα οὐκ ἐλεεῖ σε μαινόμενον;  4τοῦ δὲ εἰπόντος ὅτι μελλητικόν ἐστι τὸ θεῖον, πάλιν ὁ Μενέλαός φησι·  5πῶς οὖν Ἐρινύες σε ταχέως μετῆλθον; οὐκ εἰσὶ καὶ αὗται θεαί;  6ἐλέγχει οὖν αὐτὸν ὡς καταψευδόμενον.   —MBCPrRw

TRANSLATION:   The entire interrogation is malicious. For the one (Orestes) says: Apollo ordered me to kill my mother, but the other (Menelaus) counters: And how is it that the one who ordered you to kill your mother shows no pity for you in your madness? After Orestes says that the divine is given to slow action, in return Menelaus says: How is it then that the Erinyes came after you swiftly? Are not these gods as well? Thus he refutes him (Orestes) as presenting a false claim.

LEMMA: M(κατουκαμύνει)BC(κατ’)Rw      REF. SYMBOL: B

APP. CRIT.:   1 πανούργως … 2 μητέρα om. Pr   |    1 πανοῦργος (ἔχει om.) BRw   |    2 φασιν Rw   |    second ὁ om. Rw   |    ἀνελεῖν] σε ἀναιρεῖν M   |    3 ὁ κελεύσας] ἐκέλευσας Rw   |    3 ἀνελεῖν τ. μ. om. Rw   |    ἐλεεῖ σε] ἐλεῆσαι Rw   |    ἀλλὰ μέλλει add. after μαινόμενον Rw   |    4 τοῦ] τούτου M   |    5 πῶς οὖν] λίαν Rw   |    αἱ add. before ἐριν. BPr   |    ταχὺ Rw   |    σε om. BPr   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 ἐκέλευσε Rw   |    2 ἀντεπάγη C   |    3 ἐλεῆ C   |    4 μελητικόν C, μελωτικὸν Pr   |    5 ἐριννύες PrRw   |    αὐταὶ M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.146,1–6; Dind. II.133,6–11


Or. 419.02 (rec exeg) εἰ αὐτός σε ἐκέλευσε, πῶς οὐκ ἐλεεῖ νοσοῦντα;  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   εἰ αὐτὸς Mastr., ὁ αὐτ with ambig. ending Pr (αὐτὸ with ῶν above?)


Or. 419.03 (rec gloss) ⟨κᾷτ’⟩: εἶτα  —AaCrM3RSZb2Ox

LEMMA: κατ’ in text MZb, κᾶτ’ others      POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrSOx


Or. 419.04 (pllgn gram) ⟨κᾷτ’⟩: ἔκθλιψις κρᾶσις συναίρεσις  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   (In this form are found) ecthlipsis, crasis, synaeresis.

LEMMA: κᾶτ’ in text Y       POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   This is taken from the doctrine of grammarians: in καὶ εἶτα the iota of καὶ is removed by ecthlipsis, the alpha combines with the epsilon in crasis, and the incorporation of the iota of ει with the alpha as ᾳ is synaeresis. E.g., Epimer. Homer. π 165 Dyck ἔκθλιψις δὲ καὶ κρᾶσις καὶ συναίρεσις ὡς ἐπὶ τοῦ οἱ αἰπόλοι ᾡπόλοι· ἐκθλίβεται γὰρ τὸ ι τῆς οἱ, καὶ κιρνᾶται τὸ ο καὶ α εἰς ω, καὶ συναιρεῖται τὸ ω καὶ τὸ ι εἰς τὴν ῳ δίφθογγον; Tryphon, περὶ παθῶν 1.24,12–13 κατ’ ἔκθλιψιν, κρᾶσιν καὶ συναίρεσιν, οἷον καὶ εἶτα κᾷτα, οἱ αἰπόλοι ᾡπόλοι.


Or. 419.05 (rec gloss) ⟨κᾷτ’⟩: ἔπειτα  —AbS

LEMMA: κᾶτ’ in text AbS       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 419.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κᾷτ’⟩: καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα  —CrOx

LEMMA: κᾶτ’ in text CrOx       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 419.07 (rec paraphr) ⟨οὐκ ἀμύνει⟩: οὐ συνεργεῖ ὁ Ἀπόλλων  —Rf2

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.133,12


Or. 419.08 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨οὐκ ἀμύνει⟩: καὶ οὐ βοηθήσει σε  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 419.09 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἀμύνει⟩: ἐκδικεῖ  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcB4

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   οὐκ prep. G

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.133,11–12


Or. 419.10 (recTri gloss) ⟨ἀμύνει⟩: βοηθεῖ  —V1Aa2AbF2KMnPrTY2Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 419.11 (tri metr) ⟨ἀμύνει⟩: long mark over upsilon  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 419.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Λοξίας⟩: καὶ ὁ Ἀπόλλων  —CrF2OxZl

POSITION: s.l. (misplaced above 421 οἴχονται F2)

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ ὁ om. F2, καὶ om. Zl

APP. CRIT. 2:   perhaps ἀπόλλον F2   |


Or. 419.13 (rec artGloss) ⟨Λοξίας⟩:  —F2MnROx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 419.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τοῖς σοῖς κακοῖς⟩: ἐν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 419.15 (rec gloss) ⟨κακοῖς⟩: δυστυχήμασι  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   δυστυχήσασι Pr


Or. 420.01 (recMosch gloss) ⟨μέλλει⟩: βραδύνει  —VAaAbFMnPrSXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. Zu


Or. 420.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μέλλει⟩: μακροθυμεῖ  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   See on 420.11.


Or. 420.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μέλλει⟩: καὶ ἀπόκειται  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:  ἀπόκειτε Zu


Or. 420.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μέλλει⟩: καὶ φροντίζει  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.05 (rec gloss) ⟨μέλλει⟩: βοηθῆσαι  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μέλλει⟩: βοηθεῖν σοι  —B3a

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.07 (rec exeg) τὸ θεῖον δ’ ἐστὶ τοιοῦτον φύσει: ἀεὶ τὸ θεῖον ὀκνηρὸν ἐστὶ πρὸς τὰς ἀμοιβὰς γυμνάζον ἡμῶν τὴν γνώμην.  —VMnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   The divine is always sluggish in reciprocation (for good or bad behavior), training our resolve by practice.

LEMMA: MnSSa; μέλλει Rb      REF. SYMBOL: R      POSITION:  s.l. V

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν μέλλει prep. MnSSa   |    τὸ θεῖον τὸ θεῖον S (no punctuation between them)   |    ἐστὶ] εἶναι Sa   |    γυμναζόντων Rb   |    γνώμην V, διάνοιαν MnRbSSa

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.133,19–20

COMMENT:   The idea of exercising or testing the sufferers may have a Christian tinge. See also the Thoman version of this idea in 420.17.


Or. 420.08 (rec exeg) ἴσως ἐλεήσει· ἀεὶ γὰρ βραδύνει τὸ θεῖον· ὀκνηρὸν γὰρ πρὸς τὰς τοιαύτας ἀμοιβὰς γυμνάζον ἡμῶν τὴν γνώμην.  —Pr

TRANSLATION:   Perhaps he will show pity (eventually). For the divine always acts slowly. For it is sluggish in such cases of reciprocation, training our resolve by practice.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.09 (rec exeg) ⟨τὸ θεῖον δ’ ἐστὶ τοιοῦτον φύσει⟩: βραδύνει ἀεὶ τὸ θεῖον γυμνάζον τὴν διάνοιαν ἡμῶν.  —R

TRANSLATION:   The divine always acts slowly, training our attitude of mind by practice.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.10 (rec exeg) ⟨τὸ θεῖον δ’ ἐστὶ τοιοῦτον φύσει⟩: βραδύνει γὰρ τὸ θεῖον ἐν ταῖς ἀντιδόσεσι ταῖς χρησταῖς καὶ ταῖς φαύλαις.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   For the divine acts slowly in good repayments and in bad ones.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.11 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨τὸ θεῖον δ’ ἐστὶ τοιοῦτον φύσει⟩: τὸ θεῖον δὲ ἐν τῆ φύσει τοιοῦτον ἔνι ἵνα μακροθυμῇ.  —Gu

TRANSLATION:   The divine is such in its nature that it is slow (or slow to help?).

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The sense of μακροθυμέω is commonly ‘to be patient’, but for ‘be slow to help’ in a context of testing the sufferers see Joannes Chrysostom., In Matthaeum, PG 57.351,13–15 καὶ γὰρ καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα πολλάκις ἀφῆκεν αὐτοὺς εἰς χαλεπωτέρους χειμῶνας πραγμάτων ἐμπεσεῖν, καὶ ἐμακροθύμησε. See also 420.02.


Or. 420.12 (pllgn rhet) ⟨τὸ θεῖον δ’ ἐστὶ τοιοῦτον φύσει⟩: ἀνθυποφορά  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   Anthypophora (rejoinder to an objection).

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  ἀνθυποφορά


Or. 420.13 (rec gloss) ⟨τὸ θεῖον⟩: ὁ θεὸς  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐστὶ⟩: καὶ ὑπάρχει  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.15 (recMosch gloss) ⟨τοιοῦτον⟩: ἤγουν βραδύ  —AbRSXXaXbXoT+YYfGrAaZc

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν] τουτέστι ABRS, om. YZc   |   βραδύν Zc


Or. 420.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τοιοῦτον⟩: κατὰ τὸ βραδύνειν  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.17 (thom exeg) ⟨τοιοῦτον⟩: ἤγουν μέλλει καὶ πρὸς βοήθειαν καὶ πρὸς κόλασιν, πρὸς μὲν βοήθειαν ἵνα δοκίμιον λήψεται τῆς προαιρέσεως τῶν τῆς βοηθείας αὐτοῦ ἀπολαύσειν μελλόντων, πρὸς δὲ κόλασιν ἵνα τῷ χρόνῳ ἐπανάξῃ αὐτοὺς πρὸς ἃ δεῖ.  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   That is, he delays both in helping and in punishing: in helping in order that he may get proof of the resolve of those who are to benefit from his help, and in punishing in order that by the passage of some time he may bring them back to what is required.

REF. SYMBOL: ZaZmT      POSITION: ZZbZl s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   δόκιμον ZbZl   |    αὐτοῦ om. Za   |    ἀπολαύειν Za   |    αὐτοὺς om. Za

APP. CRIT. 2:   μέλει a.c. Gu   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.133,15–18


Or. 420.18 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨τοιοῦτον⟩: ἤγουν βραδύ πρὸς βοήθειαν —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.19 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨τοιοῦτον⟩: εἰς βοήθειαν βραδύ  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.20 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τοιοῦτον⟩: μακρόθυμον  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.21 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τοιοῦτον⟩: δοκιμαστικὸν  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.22 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τοιοῦτον⟩: τὸ μέλλειν  —B3d

POSITION: marg.


Or. 420.23 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φύσει⟩: ἐν  —Zm

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.24 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φύσει⟩: λίαν  —AaZm

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἢ prep. Zm


Or. 420.25 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φύσει⟩: τῇ θεϊκῇ δηλονότι  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 420.26 (rec artGloss) ⟨φύσει⟩: τῇ  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.01 (vet exeg) δὲ μητρὸς οἴχονται πνοαί: ἐχρῆν εἰπεῖν πόσῳ χρόνῳ. τὸ δὲ μητρός κακοήθως καὶ δυσωπητικῶς.  —MBCPrRw, partial Aa

TRANSLATION:  He ought to have said ‘within how much time’ (dative instead of accusative). And (using) the word ‘mother’ (is done) maliciously and in a manner meant to shame and disturb him.

LEMMA: M; πόσον χρόνον δὲ μητρὸς BCPr, πόσον χρόνον Rw      REF. SYMBOL: B      POSITION: s.l. Aa

APP. CRIT.:   ἐν add. before πόσω Aa   |    τὸ δὲ κτλ om. Aa   |    καὶ om. M   |    δυσωπητικῶς mostly lost to damage Pr

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.146,7–8; Dind. II.133,23–24

COMMENT:   The plain accusative of duration was confusing to some later readers (although it is perfectly idiomatic in classical Greek), as a few of the subsequent scholia show. The claim that the dative πόσῳ χρόνῳ would have been appropriate is slightly odd, since ‘in/within how much time?’ is much more commonly ἐν πόσῳ χρόνῳ than plain πόσῳ χρόνῳ.

KEYWORDS:  κακόηθες/κακοήθως


Or. 421.02 (pllgn rhet) σχῆμα βίαιον  —V3

TRANSLATION:   Powerful/violent schema.

POSITION: marg.

COMMENT:   This schema is called simply βίαιον in ps.-Hermogenes περὶ εὑρέσεως 3.3 ἔστι καὶ τρίτον εἶδος λύσεως, τὸ παραδοξότατον καὶ ἰσχυρότατον καὶ νικητικώτατον, ὃ καὶ βίαιον κέκληται· γίνεται δέ, ὅταν εἰς τὸ ἐναντίον περιιστάναι δυνώμεθα τὸν λόγον ἐξ αὐτῶν αἱροῦντες τὸν ἀντίδικον, οἷς θαρρῶν εἰσέρχεται. It refers to the entrapment effected by this seemingly harmless question, as described in more detail in sch. 414.05. The phrase σχῆμα βίαιον may reflect the influence of Tzetzes, who uses it in Exeg. in Hom. Il. 355 Papathomopoulos; Sch. Tzetz. Arist. Plut. 590a Massa Positano βίαιον τὸ σχῆμα. See also sch. rec. Arist. Plut. 587a Chantry τοῦτο τὸ σχῆμα λέγε⟨τα⟩ι παρὰ τοῖς ῥήτορσι ‘βίαιον’, ὅταν τις κλέψῃ τι, δοκῶν εἶναι ἐκεῖνο ἀναμφίβολον—καὶ οἷον ἀναπολόγητον—, μᾶλλον ἀπὸ τούτου κρατηθῇ, ὡς νῦν ἡ Πενία, δοκοῦσα λέγειν ἀναμφίβολα, μᾶλλον ἐκ τούτου ἐφάνη μὴ ἔχειν οὕτως.

KEYWORDS:  σχῆμα βίαιον


Or. 421.03 (pllgn paraphr) πόσον χρόνον ἔχει ἡ μήτηρ ἐσφαγμένη;  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.04 (rec gloss) ⟨πόσον δὲ χρόνον⟩: ἔχει  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.05 (rec exeg) ⟨πόσον χρόνον⟩: οὕτως σύνταξον· ἐν πόσῳ χρόνῳ ἢ κατὰ πόσον χρόνον  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πόσον χρόνον⟩: καὶ διὰ πόσου καιροῦ διάστημα  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.07 (pllgn exeg) ⟨πόσον χρόνον⟩: μέχρι τοῦ νῦν χρόνου  —ZmGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   χρόνου om. Gu


Or. 421.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πόσον χρόνον⟩: πόσῳ χρόνῳ  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.09 (mosch gloss) ⟨πόσον χρόνον⟩: ἐπὶ  —XXaXbXoYYfGGr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨χρόνον⟩: καιρὸν  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.11 (rec gloss) ⟨μητρὸς⟩: σοῦ  —AbR

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.12 (rec artGloss) ⟨μητρὸς⟩: τῆς  —AbF2MnR

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.13 (mosch gloss) ⟨οἴχονται⟩: ἐφθαρμέναι εἰσίν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcB4

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT. 2:   εἰσί B4   |


Or. 421.14 (thom gloss) ⟨οἴχονται⟩: ἐφθάρησαν  —ZZaZlZmTGuAa2CrOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx

COLLATION NOTES:   Z rubr. wrote only ἐφθάρη, σαν added in dark ink by main hand.   |


Or. 421.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἴχονται⟩: ἐπαιδεύθησαν  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   Kriaras s.v. παιδεύω I.7 cites a passage where παιδεύω is said to mean ‘destroy, kill’.   |   This gloss is also in Zd, not yet otherwise collated.


Or. 421.16 (rec gloss) ⟨οἴχονται⟩: ᾤχοντο  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.17 (rec gloss) ⟨πνοαί⟩: ἤγουν τὸ αἷμα  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πνοαί⟩: ἤγουν ἡ ψυχή  —Xo2

POSITION: intermarg.


Or. 421.19 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πνοαί⟩: αἱ ζωτικαὶ ἐνέργειαι  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 421.20 (rec artGloss) ⟨πνοαί⟩: αἱ  —AbMn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 422.01 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨τόδ’ ἦμαρ⟩: ἤγουν ἡ παροῦσα ἡμέρα  —Zm

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 422.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τόδ’⟩: τοῦτο  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 422.03 (mosch exeg) ⟨ἦμαρ⟩: ἐξ οὗ εἰσὶν ἐφθαρμέναι  —XXaXoT+YYfGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:   εἰσὶν om. Aa2, with ἐξ οὗ to left of and ἐφθαρμέναι to right of 422.05 ὑπάρχει (written at different time, probably earlier)


Or. 422.04 (recThom gloss) ⟨ἦμαρ⟩: ἐστί  —AbSZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 422.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἦμαρ⟩: ὑπάρχει  —Aa2CrOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ὔπαρχει Aa2   |


Or. 422.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἧμαρ⟩: ἡ ἡμέρα  —CrOxZl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 422.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔτι⟩: ἀκμήν  —Y2Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 422.08 (thom gloss) ⟨πυρὰ⟩: καῦσις  —ZZaZbZlTGuF

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 422.09 (recThom exeg) ⟨πυρὰ⟩: ὁ τόπος ἐν ᾧ τὸ σῶμα ἐκαύθη  —PrZmGu

TRANSLATION:  (‘Pura’ is) the place in which the body was burned.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τὸ σῶμα om. Pr, transp. after ἐκαύθη Gu   |    ἐκαφθάρη p.c. Zm, a.c. ἐκάφ**

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐκάφθη Pr   |

COLLATION NOTES:   Check original Zm.   |


Or. 422.10 (tri metr) ⟨πυρὰ⟩: long mark over alpha  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 422.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πυρὰ⟩: ἐστὶ  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 422.12 (rec artGloss) ⟨πυρὰ⟩:  —AbF2B3a

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 422.13 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨τάφου⟩: τοῦ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.01 (vet exeg) ὡς ταχὺ μετῆλθόν σ’: 1διὰ τούτων ἐλέγχει αὐτὸν ὡς ἀθέως πεπραχότα τὸν φόνον, ὅπου γε αἱ μὲν Ἐρινύες εὐθέως τῇ μητρὶ συνεμάχησαν, ὁ δὲ Ἀπόλλων ἀναβάλλεται τὴν συμμαχίαν.  2καὶ ἀνθυποφορά ἐστι τοῦ εἰρημένου ὑπὸ Ὀρέστου [420] ‘τὸ θεῖόν ἐστι τοιοῦτον φύσει’.   —MBVCMnRbRwSSa, partial O

TRANSLATION:   With these words he (Menelaus) refutes him (Orestes), showing that he carried out the killing impiously, inasmuch as the Erinyes immediately fought on the side of his mother while Apollo delays his help. And this is a rejoinder to the objection stated by Orestes: ‘The divine is such by nature’.

LEMMA: MRw(σε), ὡς ταχὺ μετῆλθον VMnSSa, ὡς ταχὺ Rb      REF. SYMBOL: VRb      POSITION: between 425.03 and 427.01 C

APP. CRIT.:   1 διὰ τούτων] καὶ διὰ τοῦ εἰπεῖν δὲ ὡς (δὲ ὡς om. Pr) ταχὺ μετῆλθον σε BPr, καὶ διὰ τούτων VMnRbSSa, om. O   |    αὐτὸν om. Sa   |    ἀθεεὶ VMnRbS, θεοὶ Sa   |    τὸν φόνον om. Sa   |    ὅπου γε … συμμαχίαν om. O, but sep. s.l. (at θεαί) ὁ Ἀπόλλων δὲ ἀναβάλλεται    |    γε om. Pr   |    ἀπόλλων] ἥλιος VMnRbSSa   |    2 καὶ ἀνθυπ. κτλ om. SSa, καὶ om. O   |    ἀνυποφορά V   |    ἐστι om. Rw   |    τὸ εἰρημένον C, πρὸς τὸ εἰρημένον O, τὰ εἰρημένα V (after this sch., punct. as if a sch., Pr has γρ. ἀν⟨θ⟩υποφορὰ ἐστὶ τὰ εἰρημένα)   |    ὑπὸ] παρὰ τοῦ Pr   |    τῆ φύσει Rw, φύσει τοιοῦτον transp. Pr

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 ἐλλέχει Rb   |    ἀθεεῖ Rb, accent lost to damage Mn   |    πεπρακότα MnS   |    ἐριννύες VMnPrRwSa   |    συμαχίαν S   |    2 ἀνθ’ ὑποφορά M   |    ἐστὶν M (both places)   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.146,9–13; Dind. II.133,24–134,2

KEYWORDS:  ἀνθυποφορά


Or. 423.02 (mosch paraphr) λίαν ταχέως ἤγουν τάχιστα ἐτιμωρήσαντό σε διὰ τὸν φόνον τῆς μητρός.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa

POSITION: s.l. except Xo; TZc treat this as two separate items, dividing after ταχέως (a second cross before ἤγουν T); Gr as three, dividing after ταχέως and τάχιστα, Aa as three, dividing after ταχέως and ἐτιμ.; G separates λίαν

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν τάχιστα om. AaGZc   |    ἐτιμώρησαν Aa   |   σε om. AaG

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.134,11–12


Or. 423.03 (recThom gloss) ⟨ὡς⟩: λίαν  —AbCrMnROxZaZmB4

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 423.04 (rec exeg) ⟨ὡς⟩: (?)[ἐν] εἰρων(είᾳ)(?)  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   damage (wormhole), and possibly the gloss was crossed out

KEYWORDS:  εἰρωνεία/εἰρωνικῶς


Or. 423.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ταχὺ⟩: ταχέως  —CrF2OxXo2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 423.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ταχὺ⟩: συντόμως  —Zb2Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.07 (thom exeg) ⟨μετῆλθον⟩: 1τὸ μετῆλθον, εἰ μὲν ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐτιμωρήσαντο εἴπῃς, εὐθεῖαν τὸ αἷμα νοήσεις, οὕτω· 2 λίαν ταχὺ ἐτιμωρήσαντο σὲ αἱ θεαὶ, τὸ αἷμα καὶ ὁ φόνος τῆς μητρός.  3εἰ δὲ ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀπῄτησαν, αἰτιατικὴν οὕτω·  4λίαν ταχέως ἀπῄτησαν σὲ αἱ θεαὶ τὸ αἷμα καὶ τὸν φόνον τῆς μητρός.   —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   If you interpret ‘they pursued’ in the sense ‘they punished’, then you will interpret ‘blood’ as nominative case (in apposition), as follows: very swiftly the goddesses, the blood and killing of your mother, punished you. But if (you interpret it) as ‘they demanded back’, (take it as) accusative, as follows: very swiftly the goddesses demanded back from you the blood and killing of your mother.

REF. SYMBOL: all except Gu

APP. CRIT.:   1 τὸ μετ. … αἷμα lost to trimming Zl   |    τοὶ μὲν μετῆλθον Zb   |    εἴποις ZbTGu   |    3 οὕτω om. ZZa, s.l. add. Z

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 οὕτως Za   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.134,7–11


Or. 423.08 (recThom gloss) ⟨μετῆλθον⟩: ἀπῄτησαν  —VPrZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.09 (rec gloss) ⟨μετῆλθον⟩: ἐτιμώρησαν  —KPrB3d

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. B3d


Or. 423.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μετῆλθον⟩: ἐτιμωρήσαντο  —Xo2Zm

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.11 (rec gloss) ⟨μετῆλθον⟩: ἐκόλασαν  —VrecCrF2PrRwOxGuY2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 423.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μετῆλθον⟩: ἐζήτησαν  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.13 (rec gloss) ⟨αἷμα⟩: διὰ τὸ  —V1AbCrKMnROxY2Zl2B3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τὸ om. B3aZl2


Or. 423.14 (rec exeg) ⟨αἷμα⟩: ὑπὲρ αἵματος  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.15 (pllgn exeg) ⟨αἷμα⟩: διὰ τὸν φόνον  —Xo2GuZl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.16 (thom gloss) ⟨αἷμα⟩: τὸν φόνον  —ZZaZbZm

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.17 (pllgn gloss) ⟨αἷμα⟩: καὶ τὴν ἐκδίκησιν  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.18 (pllgn exeg) ⟨αἷμα⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ ἕνεκεν τοῦ αἵματος  —Lp

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.134,13


Or. 423.19 (rec artGloss) ⟨μητέρος⟩: τῆς  —AbXo2Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.20 (rec gloss) ⟨θεαί⟩: ἤτοι αἱ Ἐριννύες  —V1Xo2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤτοι om. Xo2


Or. 423.21 (rec gloss) ⟨θεαί⟩: αἱ τιμωρητικαὶ  —V1

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 423.22 (rec artGloss) ⟨θεαί⟩: αἱ  —AbF2Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.01 (vet exeg) οὐ σοφός: 1οὐ σοφὸς διαρρήδην μοι ὀνειδίζων τῆς μητρὸς τὸ αἷμα, ἀληθὴς δέ.  2ἀληθεύει γὰρ διὰ τὸν φόνον ἀμύνεσθαι αὐτὸν τὰς Ἐρινύας.   —MBVCMnPrRbRwSSa, partial O

TRANSLATION:   (You are) not wise/clever openly reproaching me for my mother’s bloodshed, but you are truthful. For he (Menelaus) states truly that the Erinyes are avenging him because of the murder.

LEMMA: MBVCRb, οὐ σοφόν app. Rw      REF. SYMBOL: BVRbSa      POSITION: intermarg. M

APP. CRIT.:   1 οὐ σοφὸς om. OVRw, after οὐ σοφὸς add. εἷ BPr, add. ὑπάρχεις MnSSa, ὑπάρχ() Rb   |    ὀνειδίζων μοι transp. MnRbSSa, ὀνειδίζει (om. μοι) Rw   |    τὸ αἷμα τῆς μητρὸς transp. OVMnRbSSa, τὸ τῆς μητρὸς αἷμα Rw   |    ἀληθὲς Rw   |    2 ἀληθ. κτλ om. O   |    ἀληθεύειν V, ἀληθεὶς δὲ φόνου δοτικὴ· ἀληθεύεις Mn, ἀληθὲς Schw.   |    γὰρ] om. VMn   |    λέγων add. after γάρ BRw, after φόνον Pr   |    ἀμύνασθαι PrRwSSa   |    αὐτὸν om. Rw   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 ἐρίννυας MnPrRwSa   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.146,14–16; Dind. II.134,15–17

COLLATION NOTES:  Entire note written by rubr. in Sa.


Or. 424.02 (rec exeg) οὐ σοφὸς: 1πρὸς ὃ κλαπεὶς ὁ Ὀρέστης εἰς κολακείαν αὐτοῦ προὔθετο τὸ ‘οὐ σοφὸς, ἀληθὴς δ’ εἰς φίλους ἔφυς κακός’.  2τοῦτο δὲ τὸ ἔπος ἐναντιοφανές ἐστιν.  3ἐναντιοφανῆ δὲ λέγεται τὰ ῥητὰ τὰ μὴ τῇ ἄνωθεν ἑαυτῶν {τῆ ἀπάτη} κειμένῃ φράσει συναρμοζόμενα, νοήματι δὲ ἢ συντάξει θεραπευόμενα.  4σκόπει γὰρ ὅτι πρὸς ὕβριν ἐστὶ τοῦ Μενελάου τὸ οὕτως εἰπεῖν ‘οὐ σοφὸς ἔφυς, ἀληθὴς δὲ καὶ τέλειος κακὸς εἰς τοὺς φίλους’ καί που δέον τὸν ἱκέτην ὑβρίζειν τὸν ἱκετευόμενον.  5θεραπεύεται δὲ τὸ ἔπος τῇ συντάξει οὕτως·  6οὐ σοφὸς κακὸς εἰς φίλους ἔφυς, ἀληθὴς δὲ ἔφυς σοφός.  7τὸ δὲ νόημα τοιοῦτον· σοφὸς μὲν ἀληθὴς λέγεται ὁ ὄντως σοφός, σοφὸς δὲ κακὸς ὁ σοφιστὴς καὶ ἀπατεὼν καὶ πιθανολογούμενος.  8λέγει τοίνυν αὐτῷ κολακικῶς ὅτι ⟨οὐκ⟩ ἐσόφισάς με, ὦ Μενέλαε, εἰπόντα βραδὺ εἶναι τὸ θεῖον πρὸς συνασπισμὸν ἀντειπὼν ‘ὡς ταχὺ μετῆλθόν σ’ αἷμα μητέρος θεαί’, σὺ δὲ ἀληθὴς εἶ σοφὸς, οὐ κακὸς σοφὸς εἰς φίλους, ἤγουν διὰ τῆς σοφιστείας καὶ πιθανότητος πλανήτης τῶν φίλων.   —VRw

TRANSLATION:   Tricked in relation to this (the sophistic move in the preceding lines 421–423), to flatter him (Menelaus), Orestes offered the reply ‘not wise, but you are a true villain toward your friends/kin’. This verse is one with an apparent contradiction. We speak of as apparently contradictory the utterances that do not fit with the phrase positioned before them, but are ameliorated by thought or construal. For observe that it is insulting to Menelaus to put it this way, ‘You are not wise, but a true and complete villain toward your friends/kin’, as if it were the proper thing for the suppliant to abuse the one he supplicates. But the verse is ameliorated by the construal as follows: ‘You are not a clever villain toward your friends, but you are a true wise man’. The thought is like this: One who is really wise is called a true wise man, but the sophist and deceiver and speaker of mere plausibilities is called a clever villain. So he (Orestes) is saying to him (Menelaus) by way of flattery: You did not trip me up sophistically, Menelaus, after I said that the divine is slow to help out, by retorting ‘How quickly the goddesses pursued you for the bloodshed of your mother’, but you are a true wise man, not a clever villain toward your friends, in other words, not one who misleads his friends with sophistry and plausibility.

LEMMA: Rw, ἄλλως V      POSITION: follows out-of-sequence 427.01 Rw

APP. CRIT.:   1 πρὸς ὃ Schw., πρὸς ὃν VRw   |    κλαπεὶς] τραπεὶς Rw   |    after εἰς add. οὐ Rw, but crossed out   |    τὸ om. Rw   |    3 λέγονται Rw   |    τὰ ῥήματα Rw   |    τῇ Schwartz, τοῖς V, om. Rw   |    ἄνωθεν ἑαυτῶν τῆ ἀπάτη del. Schw., τῆ ἀπάτη del. Mastr.   |    ἑαυτῶν] Rw, p.c. V (ἑα written over τη)   |    δὲ transp. before νοήματι Rw (punct. at φράσει)   |    4 καί που] Mastr., καὶ ποῦ VRw   |    δεῖ Rw   |    6 second σοφός] κακός Rw   |    7 τὸ add. before τοιοῦτον Rw   |    8 λέγει τοίνυν κτλ om. Rw   |    ⟨οὐκ⟩ Schw.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.146,17–147,2; Dind. II.134,18–135,5

COMMENT:   A continuation of sch. 414.05 above. For discussion see Prelim. Stud. 201–203 (but I now consider interrogative ποῦ δέον worthy of more consideration; ποῦ δεῖ is attractive but likely to be secondary).

KEYWORDS:  ἐναντιοφανές


Or. 424.03 (rec rhet) σχῆμα ἐναντιοφανές  —FPr

POSITION: marg.

APP. CRIT.:   σχῆμα om. F

KEYWORDS:  ἐναντιοφανές


Or. 424.04 (pllgn rhet) 1οὐ σοφὸς κακὸς ἔφυς εἰς τοὺς φίλους, ἀληθὴς δὲ σοφὸς ἔφυς.  2ἔστι δὲ τὸ σχῆμα ἐναντιοφανές.  3ἐναντιοφανὲς ἐστι τὸ ἄλλως λεγόμενον καὶ ἄλλως θεραπευόμενον κατά τε νοῦν καὶ σύνταξιν.   —Y2

TRANSLATION:   You are not a clever villain toward your friends, but a true wise man. The schema is apparent contradiction. An apparent contradiction is that which is spoken one way and ameliorated another way in sense and construal.

APP. CRIT.:   2 ἀντιοφανὲς Y2

KEYWORDS:  ἐναντιοφανές


Or. 424.05 (thom exeg) ⟨οὐ σοφός⟩: πανοῦργος ὡς σχηματίζεσθαι μὲν φιλίαν, τὰ τῶν ἐχθρῶν δὲ φρονεῖν.  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   Malicious so as to pretend friendship, but to have the intentions that enemies would have.

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.135,12


Or. 424.06 (rec wdord) word order α (οὐ σοφὸς), β (ἔφυς), γ (ἀληθὴς), δ (κακός), ε (εἰς φίλους)  —V1/3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.07 (rec gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφός⟩: κρύφιος  —G2KSarY

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   οὐ prep. G


Or. 424.08 (rec gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφὸς⟩: τέλειος  —V

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.09 (rec gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφός⟩: ἠπατημένος  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.10 (rec gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφὸς⟩: ἀπατεὼν κακὸς  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.11 (pllgn exeg) ⟨οὐ σοφὸς⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ οὐ κρύφιος ἀλλὰ διάδηλος  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφός⟩: πανοῦργος  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφός⟩: οὐκ ὠφέλιμος  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.14 (rec gloss) ⟨οὐ σοφός⟩: εἶ  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.15 (mosch gloss) οὐ σοφός: εἶ δηλονότι  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrZcAa2

LEMMA: X       POSITION: s.l. except X

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.135,10–11


Or. 424.16 (thom exeg) ⟨οὐ σοφός⟩: 1ὀνειδίζοντος Μενελάου Ὀρέστην, φησὶν οὗτος πρὸς αὐτὸν·  2ἐπεὶ διαρρήδην ἡμᾶς ὀνειδίζεις, οὐ σοφὸς εἶ,  3ἀληθὴς δὲ κακός, ἀληθὴς μὲν ὡς οὐδὲν ὧν κατ’ ἐμοῦ λέγεις ψευδῶς λέγων (ἀληθεύεις γὰρ διὰ τὸν φόνον τῆς μητρὸς λέγων ἀμύνασθαι τὰς Ἐριννύας ἐμέ), κακὸς δὲ ὡς ἐναργῶς ὀνειδίζων.  4ἐχρῆν γάρ σε χρωματίζοντα τοὺς λόγους ἐκφέρειν πρὸς παραμυθίαν, ἀλλ’ οὐ πρὸς λύπην, εἴπερ σοφὸς ἦσθα κακός.  5νῦν δὲ ἀφ’ ὧν ποιεῖς ἀναφανδὸν δεικνύεις τὴν σεαυτοῦ κακίαν.   —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   When Menelaus reproaches Orestes, the latter says to him: Since you reproach me openly, you are not clever, but a truthful villain, truthful in that you are saying falsely nothing that you say against me—for you speak truly when you say the Erinyes are avenging me because of the murder of my mother—, but villainous in that you are reproaching me in very clear terms. For you should have colored your words and pronounced them with a view to consolation rather than to causing pain, if you were a clever villain. But now by what you are doing you manifestly show your own villainy.

REF. SYMBOL: ZZaZbZlZmT

APP. CRIT.:   3 μὲν] δὲ ZbZl   |    ὧν om. Gu   |    first λέγων erased in Gu   |    ἀληθεύεις … ἐμέ om. ZZaT   |    τῆς μητρὸς om. ZlZmGu   |    ἀμύνεσθαι ZbZl   |    5 νῦν δὲ κτλ. Za, om. others

APP. CRIT. 2:   3 second λέγων] γων Zb   |    4 σοφῶς Zl   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.135,6–10


Or. 424.17 (pllgn exeg) ⟨οὐ σοφός⟩:  1ὑπάρχεις διότι με ἐλέγχεις, ὅμως δὲ ἀληθὴς ὑπάρχεις.  2εἰς τοὺς φίλους δὲ ἔφυς κακὸς.   —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  1 (first) ὐπάρχω a.c. Zu   |    ἐλέγχως Zu (app. not corrected)


Or. 424.18 (pllgn exeg) ⟨οὐ σοφὸς⟩: ὑπάρχεις ἐν τῷ ὀνειδίζειν με  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.19 (rec paraphr) ⟨ἀληθὴς δ’⟩: κατὰ ἀλήθειαν ἦς φίλος.  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.20 (rec paraphr) ⟨ἀληθὴς δ’⟩: ἀλλὰ ὀρθῶς, ἀλλ’ ἰθὺς  —S

POSITION: marg.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἀλλὰ] ἀλλα S   |

COMMENT:   It is unclear whether the adverbs were intended to paraphrase adjectival ἀληθὴς or originated in a text that had ἀληθῶς δ’ in the line (as Bothe and Paley conjectured here).


Or. 424.21 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀληθὴς δ’⟩: ἀλλὰ  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.22 (rec paraphr) ⟨ἀληθὴς⟩: ὀρθὸς κατ’ ἀλήθειαν —AbMnRS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   κατ’ ἀλήθ. om. R   |


Or. 424.23 (thom gloss) ⟨ἀληθὴς⟩: ὁμολογούμενος  —ZZaZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.24 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀληθὴς⟩: διάδηλος  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.25 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀληθὴς⟩: ἤγουν ἐπιτήδειος  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l. (not clearly separated from 424.15 in XoYYfAa2)

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν om. GZc

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.135,11


Or. 424.26 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀληθὴς⟩: φανερὸς σοφὸς  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.27 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀληθὴς⟩: φανερὸς  —GK

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.28 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨φίλους⟩: τοὺς  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.29 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἰπὼν κακῶς⟩: ὑβρίσας  —Xo2

LEMMA: thus in text Xo       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.30 (pllgn exeg) ⟨εἰπὼν κακῶς⟩: ἔφυς κακός  —Y

LEMMA: thus in text Y       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.31 (rec exeg) ⟨εἰς φίλους κακὸς⟩: ἔφυς  —Mn

LEMMA: ἔφυς om. in text Mn       POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.32 (vet gloss) ⟨ἔφυς⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ ὑπάρχεις  —MCrF2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἀντὶ τοῦ] καὶ Ox, om. F2

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,3; Dind. II.135,13


Or. 424.33 (rec gloss) ⟨ἔφυς⟩: εἶ  —O

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.34 (rec gloss) ⟨ἔφυς⟩: ἐγεννήθης  —AbRS

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.35 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔφυς⟩: γέγονας  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.36 (tri exeg) ⟨ἔφυς⟩: γρ. εἰπὼν  —T

TRANSLATION:  (For ‘ephus’, ‘you are’) the reading ‘eipōn’ (‘having spoken’) is found.

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 424.37 (tri metr) ⟨ἔφυς⟩: long mark over upsilon  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 424.38 (rec exeg) ⟨κακὸς⟩: ἔλεγχος  —AbMnRSSar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 424.39 (rec exeg) ⟨κακός⟩: σοφὸς κακὸς, ὁ ἀπατεών  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 425.01 (vet exeg) πατρὸς δὲ δὴ τί σ’ ὠφελεῖ τιμωρία: 1ἐν ἐρωτήσει ὁ λόγος ἀντὶ τοῦ   2τὸ τῆς ἀναιρέσεως τοῦ πατρὸς τιμωρίαν σε λαμβάνοντα φονεῦσαι τὴν μητέρα τί δύναται συνάρασθαί σοι πρὸς τὸ μηδὲν παθεῖν ὡς φονέα;  3ἢ οὐ προέστη σου ὁ πατὴρ, ὥστε ἀποσοβῆσαι τὰς Ἐρινύας;   —MVCRw

TRANSLATION:   The line is interrogative, meaning: As for the fact that you killed your mother because you were exacting vengeance for the killing of your father, what force does that have to assist you toward not suffering anything as a murderer? Or; Did not your father protect you and frighten off the Erinyes?

LEMMA: MC(δή τις), πατρὸς δέ δὴ τίς V, πατρὸς δὲ δὴ Rw      REF. SYMBOL: V

APP. CRIT.:   1 τοῦ om. C   |    2 τὸ om. MCRw, transp. after πατρὸς V, placed here by Schw.   |    τῆς om. M   |    λαβόντα C   |    τί Schw., τίς all   |    συνάρασθαί (B next sch.)] συναρέσθαι V, συνερᾶσθαί MCRw   |    3 πρόσεστί V, προέστημεν Rw   |    σου (B next sch.)] σοι MVC, om. Rw

APP. CRIT. 2:   3 ἐριννύας Rw   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,4-8; Dind. II.135,17–19


Or. 425.02 (vet exeg) πατρὸς δὲ δὴ τί σ’ ὠφελεῖ: 1ἐν ἐρωτήσει ὁ λόγος· ὠφελεῖ τί σε ἡ εἰς τὸν πατέρα γενομένη ἐκδικία;  2ἢ οὕτως· οὐ προέστη σου ὁ πατὴρ, ὥστε ἀποσοβῆσαι τὰς Ἐρινύας;  3ἄλλως· τῆς ἀναιρέσεως τοῦ πατρὸς τιμωρίαν σοῦ λαμβάνοντος τὸ φονεῦσαι τὴν μητέρα τί δύναται συνάρασθαί σοι πρὸς τὸ μηδὲν παθεῖν ὡς φονέα;  —BPr

TRANSLATION:   The line is interrogative: What benefit is it to you that vengeance occurred for your father? Or like this: Did not your father protect you and frighten off the Erinyes? Another way: As for the fact that you killed your mother because you were exacting vengeance for the killing of your father, what force does that have to assist you toward not suffering anything as a murderer?

REF. SYMBOL: B

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἐκδικίαι B   |    3 σοῦ λαμβ. τὸ] συλλαμβ. τοῦ Pr   |    τί Schw., τίς BPr   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,4-8 app.; Dind. II.135,15–19


Or. 425.03 (vet exeg) πατρὸς δὲ δὴ τί σ’ ὠφελεῖ τιμωρία: 1οἱ Ἀττικοὶ προπαροξύνουσι μόνον τὸ τιμώρια⟨ι⟩.  2τὸ δὲ ⟨δη⟩ τι σ’ ἄμεινον βαρύνειν· δὴ τί σ’.   —MBCPrRwLp

TRANSLATION:   Attic-speakers accent the antepenult only of the (nominative plural) ‘timōriai’ (whereas the other cases are accented on the penult). The sequence ‘dē ti’ is better accented with a grave (on the first word), (that is) ‘dḕ tí s’ ’ (with interrogative ‘ti’; not with acute on ‘dē’ and indefinite ‘ti’).

LEMMA: πατρὸς δὲ δὴ τίς ὠφελεῖ M(δή τίς)C, πατρὸς δέ Lp      REF. SYMBOL: Lp      POSITION: marg. M

APP. CRIT.:   τὸ δὲ τιμωρία prep. BPr   |    οἱ om. MCRw   |    μόνον τὸ Mastr., μόνον τοῦτο MCLp, τοῦτο μόνον transp. Rw, om. BPr, del. Schw.   |    τιμώρια⟨ι⟩ Mastr.   |    2 τὸ δὲ] καὶ τὸ B, καὶ Pr   |    ⟨δη⟩ Schw.   |    τίς σ’ ἄμ. B, τίς σε ἄμ. Pr, τίς ἄμ. MCRwLp   |    βαρύ() B, βαρυτονοῦσι Pr   |    δὴ τί σ’ Schw., δή τις σ’ BPr, δή τίς MLp, δή τις CRw

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 τιμωρια or τιμωρία Rw, τιμωρία Pr, τιμώρα Lp   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,9–10; Dind. II.135,20–21

COMMENT:   See the comment on 261.12.

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικοί


Or. 425.04 (vet exeg) ἐν ἐρωτήσει ἀναγνωστέον.  —MC

TRANSLATION:   One should read (this) as a question.

POSITION: M s.l., C intermarg.


Or. 425.05 (rec paraphr) ἕνεκεν τῆς τιμωρίας τοῦ πατρὸς τί ὠφελήθης;  —Sar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 425.06 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨πατρὸς⟩: τοῦ  —Aa2F2OxXo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 425.07 (mosch gloss) ⟨τί⟩: κατὰ τί  —XXaXbXoTYYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   τί om. XGZc

COLLATION NOTES:   T has no cross.   |


Or. 425.08 (pllgn exeg) ⟨σ’⟩: ἢ σὲ ἢ σοί· τὸ γὰρ ὠφελῶ καὶ πρὸς δοτικὴν συντάσσεται ὡς ἔχει καὶ τὸ τοῦ Αἰσχύλου [Aesch. Pers. 842] ‘ὡς τοῖς θανοῦσι χρήματ’ οὐδὲν ὠφελεῖ’. ἔστι δὲ καὶ πρόσθεν μικρὸν [402] εἰς τὸ παρὸν δρᾶμα.  —Zm

TRANSLATION:   (The unelided form of ‘you’ is) either (accusative) ‘se’ or (dative) ‘soi’. For the verb ‘ōphelō’ is construed also with the dative, as is shown in the line of Aeschylus ‘since money is no benefit to the dead’. It is found also a little earlier in the present play.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   δράμα Zm   |

COMMENT:   The text of Aeschylus has πλοῦτος, not χρήματ’, although G. Hermann in his edition II.246 notes that χρήματ’ is found in his Cantabr. 1 [= Lc of modern editions, Bibl. Univ. Nn.III.17A]; see also Sch. Thom. Or. 681, Sch. Thom. Aesch. Prom. 342 Smyth, and Thom. Mag. Ecloga 408, 12 Ritschl.

KEYWORDS:  citation of literature other than Homer (with direct quotation)   |   Aeschylus


Or. 425.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὠφελεῖ⟩: ὠφέλησεν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 425.10 (mosch gloss) τιμωρία: ἐκδίκησις  —XXaXbXoYYfGGrZcZZaZbZlZmZuT*V3AaCrF2Ox

LEMMA: X       POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ ἡ prep. AaCrZuOx, ἡ prep. V3F2G


Or. 425.11 (rec gloss) ⟨τιμωρία⟩: βοήθεια  —V1AbMnSY2B2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἡ prep. S, καὶ ἡ prep. Ab


Or. 425.12 (tri metr) ⟨τιμωρία⟩: long marks over first iota and over alpha  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 426.01 (pllgn paraphr) ἀκμὴν οὐκ ἐβοήθησε μοι ὁ πατήρ μου. τὸ μέλλον δὲ ἴσον ὑπάρχει τῇ ἀπραξίᾳ. οὕτως ὑπάρχει τὸ μέλλον ὡς ἄπρακτον.  —Y2


Or. 426.02 (mosch paraphr) οὔπω ὠφέλησε, μέλλει δὲ ὠφελήσειν δηλονότι.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa

POSITION: s.l. except XXo; GZc as two sep. notes

APP. CRIT.:  μᾶλλον δὲ ὠφελήσει T   |    δηλονότι] ἀρτίως Aa2, om. GZc (both separating into two parts)

APP. CRIT. 2:   ὠφέλησιν Aa2   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.135,23–24


Or. 426.03 (rec gloss) ⟨οὔπω⟩: ἐβοήθησε  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.04 (rec gloss) ⟨οὔπω⟩: ἐβοηθήθην  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.05 (thom gloss) ⟨οὔπω⟩: ὠφελεῖ  —ZZb2ZmTGuF2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   οὐ φωλελεῖ Z   |


Or. 426.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὔπω⟩: γέγονεν ἐκδίκησις  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὔπω⟩: οὐδὲν  —Ab2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.08 (rec exeg) ⟨οὐ⟩: οὔπω  —Rf

LEMMA: οὐ in text Rf      POSITION: marg.


Or. 426.09 (rec gloss) ⟨τὸ μέλλον ἴσον⟩: εἶναι  —AbMnSar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.10 (rec gloss) ⟨τὸ μέλλον ἴσον⟩: γενέσθαι  —CrPrMnOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τὸ μέλλον ἴσον⟩: ὅτι ὑπάρχει  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.12 (rec gloss) ⟨τὸ μέλλον⟩: τὸν βραδυσμὸν  —O

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.135,24

COMMENT:   βραδυσμός is otherwise attested so far in TLG only in Theodorus Prodromus, Rhodanthe et Dosicles 3, 401 ὁ μὲν βραδυσμὸς ἐστρόβει τὴν καρδίαν.

KEYWORDS:  rare word


Or. 426.13 (rec gloss) ⟨τὸ μέλλον⟩: τὴν βραδύτητα  —V3GK

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τὸ μέλλον⟩: τὸ βραδύνειν  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,1


Or. 426.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τὸ μέλλον⟩: τὸ βραδῦνον  —B3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  reading uncertain (faint, partly erased?)


Or. 426.16 (rec gloss) ⟨τὸ μέλλον⟩: τὰ μέλλοντα  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.17 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἴσον ἀπραξίᾳ λέγω⟩: ἐπίσης τῇ ἀποτυχίᾳ νομίζω.  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἴσον⟩: ὄμοιον  —CrF2OxGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx   |    ὅμοιος F2


Or. 426.19 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἀπραξίᾳ⟩: ἀργίᾳ  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrZc

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,1


Or. 426.20 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπραξίᾳ⟩: ἀποτυχίᾳ  —Y2Gu

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,2


Or. 426.21 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨ἀπραξίᾳ⟩: τῇ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.22 (rec gloss) ⟨λέγω⟩: νομί[ζω]  —Ab

POSITION: margl.


Or. 426.23 (pllgn gloss) ⟨λέγω⟩: κρίνω  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.24 (rec gloss) ⟨λέγω⟩: ἐγὼ  —AbMnSar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 426.25 (pllgn exeg) ⟨λέγω⟩: λείπει τὸ οὔ.  —V2/3Y2

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   In V this is added above ἀπραξίᾳ, while in Y it is above λέγω (but the space above ἀπραξίᾳ was already taken by two glosses). The intention of this analysis is opaque, but perhaps it is a morally inspiring interpretation, turning Orestes’ despairing comment into an expression of hope. See the note on the next sch.

KEYWORDS:  λείπει


Or. 426.26 (pllgn exeg) ⟨λέγω⟩: ἢ εἰς τὸ λέγω ὑποδιαστολή (or ‑στέλλεται?) / καὶ λαμβάνεται ἀντὶ τοῦ λέξ[ω]  —B3d

TRANSLATION:   Or (interpret as follows): a minor pause is marked before ‘I say’, and the word is taken as equivalent to ‘I will say’.

REF. SYMBOL: B3d      POSITION: marg.

APP. CRIT.:   ὑποδιαστέλλεται] or perhaps ὑποδιαστολή (ending is obscured in images by the curvature of the binding)

COMMENT:   Among the many mss I have checked, I find that Y2 has added punctuation before λέγω in Y, and in F there is a mark that may be punctuation added in the ink of F scholia (or it may not be punctuation or not ink, since F contains stray marks and stains here and there).    |   This recommendation may make some sense if the interpreter is viewing τὸ μέλλον δ’ ἴσον ἀπραξίᾳ as parenthetic, so that the main sentence is οὔπω λέξω, ‘I will not yet say (that it helps)’.

COLLATION NOTES:   Check original B 35v.   |


Or. 426.27 (pllgn gram) ἀργὸν τὸ δῶρον, ματαία ἡ χάρις  —Yf

TRANSLATION:   The gift is ineffective (or slow?), the favor in vain.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,2

COMMENT:   The note sounds proverbial, and while the first half seems unparalleled, Arethas confirms the proverbial status of the second part in Scripta minora, Opus 38, 294,11–16 ἢ οὐκ οἶσθα τὸ σοφὸν τοῦτο καὶ χαριεντισμοῦ πλῆρες γράμμα, ὅ φησιν οὕτως· ‘ὠκεῖαι χάριτες γλυκερώτεραι· ἢν δὲ βραδύνῃ, / πᾶσα χάρις κενεή, μηδὲ λέγοιτο χάρις’· καὶ τὸ δημῶδες τοῦτο ‘βραδεῖα δόσις, ματαία χάρις’. The juncture ματαία χάρις is also attested in Theognis 105 and Aesch. Agam. 422, and a few times in Christian authors.


Or. 427.01 (vet exeg) τὰ πρὸς πόλιν δὲ πῶς ἔχεις: πονηρῶς πάλιν ἐρωτᾷ, ἵνα, εἰ μὲν εὐμενεῖς ἔχει τοὺς πολίτας, ἀφέξηται τοῦ ἐπιχειρήματος, εἰ δὲ ἐχθραίνοντας, ἐπιθέμενος κρατήσῃ.  —MBOVCPrRw

TRANSLATION:   Maliciously again he asks the question, so that, if he (Orestes) has the citizens favorably disposed toward him, he (Menelaus) may refrain from his attempt against him, but if (the citizens) hate (Orestes), he may attack him and overpower him.

LEMMA: M, τὰ πρὸς πόλιν δὲ πῶς ἔχεις δράσας BCPr(δράσας ἔχεις transp.), πρὸς πόλιν δὲ V, τὰ πρὸς πόλιν Rw      REF. SYMBOL: BV      POSITION: between 424.01 and 424.02 Rw

APP. CRIT.:   εἰ μὲν om. V   |    εὐμενὲς V   |    ἔχη VC   |    ἀφέξεται BOVC, ἀφίξεται Rw   |    ἐχθραίν. ἐπιθέμενος] διἐχθραίνοντας ἔπει (sic) V   |    κρατήσειν C, κρατήσει O, κρατήσ() Rw, κρατ(ῆ)σ() V   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,11–13; Dind. II.136,5–7


Or. 427.02 (rec paraphr) ὁποῖα δὲ ἐστὶ τὰ πρὸς πόλιν  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ὁποῖος Mn   |    πρὸς λόγους Mn   |


Or. 427.03 (rec paraphr) πράξας σὺ ταῦτα πῶς ἔχουν οἱ πολῖται ⟨πρὸς⟩ σὲ.  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   πολίται Mn   |


Or. 427.04 (thom paraphr) τουτέστι πῶς διάκεινται περὶ σὲ οἱ πολῖται τὸν τῆς μητρὸς ἐργασάμενον φόνον.  —ZaZbZlZmTGu

REF. SYMBOL: T      POSITION: s.l. except T

APP. CRIT.:  τουτέστι] ἤγουν Gu   |    πρὸς σὲ Za   |    φόνον ἐργασ. transp. Za

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,3–5


Or. 427.05 (rec gloss) ⟨τά πρὸς πόλιν⟩: εἰς  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 427.06 (mosch gloss) ⟨τά πρὸς πόλιν⟩: κατὰ  —XXaXbXoYYfGGrZcAa2B3d

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τὰ prep. G


Or. 427.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πρὸς πόλιν⟩: καὶ παρὰ τῶν πολιτῶν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 427.08 (rec gloss) ⟨πρὸς⟩: εἰς  —Z

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 427.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πόλιν⟩: ἤγουν τοὺς πολίτας  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 427.10 (mosch artGloss) ⟨πόλιν⟩: τὴν  —XXaXbXoTYYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 427.11 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἔχεις δράσας τάδε⟩: γρ. ἔχει δράσαντος σοῦ  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 427.12 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἔχεις⟩: διάκεισαι  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcAa2

POSITION: s.l. except X


Or. 427.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔχεις⟩: ὑπάρχεις  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 427.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δράσας⟩: καὶ πράξας  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 427.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δράσας⟩: ποιήσας  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 427.16 (tri metr) ⟨δράσας⟩: long mark over first alpha  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 427.17 (pllgnTri gloss) ⟨τάδε⟩: τὸν φόνον  —Xo2T

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. Xo2


Or. 427.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τάδε⟩: ταῦτα  —CrF2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 428.01 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μισούμεθ’⟩: παρὰ τῶν πολλῶν  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μισούμεθ’⟩: ἀποστρεφόμεθα  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.03 (rec paraphr) ⟨ὥστε μὴ προσεννέπειν⟩: καὶ τόσον ὅσον μὴ ἐστὶ δυνατὸν εἰπεῖν  —AbRaSSar

POSITION: s.l. except Ra


Or. 428.04 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ὥστε μὴ προσεννέπειν⟩: ὡς μηδὲ συλλαλεῖν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.05 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨μὴ προσεννέπειν⟩: μὴ προσαγορεύειν ἡμᾶς ποτε  —G

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   This is a slight modification of 428.10.


Or. 428.06 (rec gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: προσλέγειν  —V1Ab2Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.07 (rec gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: προσφωνεῖν  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.08 (rec gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: ὁμιλεῖν  —R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: καὶ προσομιλεῖν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.10 (mosch paraphr) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: προσαγορεύειν ἡμᾶς τινα  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  τινὰ ἡμᾶς transp. Zc

COMMENT:   See also G’s modification 428.05.


Or. 428.11 (thom paraphr) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: προσφθέγγεσθαι τινὰ τῶν πολιτῶν ἡμᾶς  —ZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  -φθέγγηται Zb


Or. 428.12 (thom gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: χαιρετίζειν τινὰ τῶν πολιτῶν ἡμᾶς  —ZZa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.13 (rec gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: χαιρετίζειν  —V2Aa2K

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  Aa2 app. written over an earlier gloss ending ασθαι or εσθαι


Or. 428.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: καὶ χαιρετήσειν  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   This could be an error for χαιρετίσειν, but χαιρετάω and χαιρέτημα are attested in Byzantine Greek.


Or. 428.15 (rec gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: τινὶ  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 428.16 (rec gloss) ⟨προσεννέπειν⟩: τινὰ  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.01 (vet exeg) οὐδ’ ἥγνισαι σὸν αἷμα: 1νόμος γὰρ ἀποκαθαίρεσθαι τοὺς ἐμφύλιον φόνον πεπραχότας.  2ὁ δὲ νοῦς· οὐκ ἐκαθάρθης ἀπὸ τοῦ ὑπὸ σοῦ πεπραγμένου φόνου.  3ἢ σὸν αἷμα ἀντὶ τοῦ συγγενικὸν φόνον.   —MVCRbRw, partial MnSY2

TRANSLATION:   For it was the custom/law that those who had committed kin-murder be ritually purified. The sense (runs): You have not been cleansed from the murder carried out by you. Or else ‘your blood’ means ‘kindred bloodshed’.

LEMMA: M(ἤγν.)C, οὐδ’ ἥγνισαι V(ἤγν.)Rb, οὐδ’ ἥγνισται MnRw      REF. SYMBOL: VRb      POSITION: marg. S

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἀποκαθαίρεσθαι] αὐτοῖς καθαίρεσθαι V, αὐτοῖς καθαιρεῖσθαι RbS, αὐτοῖς καθαρεῖσθαι Mn   |    ἐμφυλίους φόνους S, ἐμφίλους φόνους Mn   |    φόνον] πόλεμον VCRbRw   |    πεπραχότας] δρῶντας Rw   |    2–3 ὁ δὲ νοῦς κτλ om. MnSY2   |    ὁ δὲ νοῦς om. Rw   |    πεπραγμ.] γενομένου Rw   |    3 ἢ σὸν αἷμα om. Rb   |    ἢ om. V   |    τοῦ om. C   |    συγγενῆ VRb   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 πεπραμένα app. Rb   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,14–17; Dind. II.126,11–14


Or. 429.02 (vet exeg) 1τὸ δὲ οὐδ’ ἥγνισαι σὸν αἷμα φησὶν ἐπειδὴ νόμος ἀποκαθαίρεσθαι τὸν ἐμφύλιον δράσαντα φόνον.  2ὁ δὲ νοῦς· οὐκ ἐκαθάρθης ἀπὸ τοῦ ὑπὸ σοῦ πεπραγμένου φόνου.  3ἢ σὸν αἷμα ἀντὶ τοῦ συγγενικὸν.   —BPr

TRANSLATION:   He says ‘have you not even been purified of your blood-pollution’ since it was the custom/law that the one who had done kin-murder be ritually purified. The sense runs: You have not been cleansed from the murder carried out by you. Or else ‘your blood’ means ‘kindred bloodshed’.

APP. CRIT.:   1 οὐδ’ om. Pr

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,14–17 app.; Dind. II.136,11–14 app.


Or. 429.03 (vet exeg) νόμος γὰρ ἐκκαθαίρεσθαι τοὺς ἐμφύλιον φόνον δράσαντας.  —MOC

TRANSLATION:   For it was a custom for those who have done kin-murder to be ritually purified.

POSITION: s.l. MC

APP. CRIT.:  φόνον] νόμον M, πόλεμον O   |    δρῶντας O


Or. 429.04 (mosch paraphr) οὐδὲ ἐκαθάρθης κατὰ τοὺς νόμους τὸν φόνον τῶν σῶν χειρῶν.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except XXoT; spaced as three sep. glosses G

APP. CRIT.:   κατὰ τοὺς νόμους om. G   |   σῶν om. YfZc

APP. CRIT. 2:   οὐδ’ GZc   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,10–11


Or. 429.05 (thom exeg) οὐκ ἐκαθάρθης εἰς τὸν φόνον ὃν ἐποίησας, καθώς ἐστι νόμος καθαίρεσθαι τοὺς φονεῖς τὰς χεῖρας τὰς ἐργασαμένας τὸν φόνον.  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   You have not been cleansed in regard to the murder which you did, according to the law/custom that murderers purify the hands that accomplished the murder.

REF. SYMBOL: all (at ἥγνισαι) except Gu

APP. CRIT.:   οὐκ] οὐδ’ Zb, οὐδὲ Zl   |    καθά ZZa

APP. CRIT. 2:   νόμως Zb   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,15–17


Or. 429.06 (pllgn exeg) νόμος γὰρ ἦν αὐτοῖς τοὺς ἐμφύλιον πεπραχότας φόνον καθαγνίζεσθαι.  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἐμφύλιον] ἀμφὶ Zu


Or. 429.07 (rec gloss) ⟨οὐδ’ ἥγνισαι⟩: οὐκ ἐκαθάρθης  —V1

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.08 (recThom gloss) ⟨ἥγνισαι⟩: κεκάθαρσαι  —Aa2CrF2MnPrSaOxrXoZZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. CrMnSarZb(καὶ καὶ)ZlOx, οὐ prep. F2, οὐδὲ prep. Aa2   |    κάθαρσαι Sar


Or. 429.09 (rec gloss) ⟨ἥγνισαι⟩: ἐκαθαρίσθης  —Ab2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.10 (rec exeg) ⟨σὸν αἷμα⟩: τοῦ σοῦ αἵματος, ἀντίπτωσις, ἀντὶ τοῦ παρὰ σοῦ πεπραγμένου φόνου.  —AbMnS

TRANSLATION:   Of your (act of) bloodshed; antiptosis (exchange of cases, accusative for genitive) equivalent to ‘of the murder performed by you’.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἀντὶ τοῦ om. Mn   |    περὶ Mn (S ambig.)   |    φόν. om. Mn (or hidden in binding)

APP. CRIT. 2:   πεπταγμένον (πεφρα‑ a.c.) Mn   |

KEYWORDS:  ἀντίπτωσις


Or. 429.11 (rec gloss) ⟨σὸν αἷμα⟩: ἤτοι τῆς μητρός σου  —Sar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.12 (recThom gloss) ⟨σὸν αἷμα⟩: τὸ συγγενικὸν  —PrZmGu

POSITION: s.l.; cont. from 429.14 ZmGu

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. Pr

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,17


Or. 429.13 (rec exeg) ⟨σὸν αἷμα⟩: ἤτοι ἀπὸ τοῦ συγγενικοῦ φόνου  —V3K

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ὑπὸ V3   |    φόνου om. K


Or. 429.14 (thom exeg) ⟨σὸν αἷμα⟩: ἤγουν ὅνπερ ἔδρασας φόνον  —ZZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (‘Your bloodshed’), that is, the murder you carried out.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν om. ZmGu   |    οὗπερ … φόνου T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,17


Or. 429.15 (pllgn exeg) ⟨σὸν αἷμα⟩: ἤγουν τὸν φόνον ὃν σὺ πεποίηκας  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σὸν αἷμα⟩: ἤγουν τὸ μητρικόν σου  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.17 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨σὸν αἷμα⟩: τὸ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σὸν⟩: σῶν  —B3b

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.19 (rec exeg) ⟨αἷμα⟩: διὰ  —V3PrXo

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἢ διὰ τὸ Pr


Or. 429.20 (pllgn exeg) ⟨αἷμα⟩: διὰ τὸ μητρικὸν  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.21 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨κατὰ νόμους⟩: καὶ καθὼς νόμιμον ὑπάρχει  —Xo

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.22 (pllgn exeg) ⟨νόμους⟩: νόμον  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.23 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨νόμους⟩: τοὺς  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.24 (rec gloss) ⟨χεροῖν⟩: ἀπὸ  —FPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.25 (pllgn gloss) ⟨χεροῖν⟩: διὰ τῶν χειρῶν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.26 (rec gloss) ⟨χεροῖν⟩: χερῶν  —RfZl2B3c

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.27 (rec gloss) ⟨χεροῖν⟩: ἢ ἐν ταῖς  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 429.28 (thom gloss) ⟨χεροῖν⟩: ἐν  —TGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.01 (pllgn paraphr) εἰς οἷον δὲ οἶκον ἔλθω, οὐκ ἐῶσι με ἐντὸς εἰσελθεῖν· καὶ πῶς μέλλω ἁγνισθῆναι;  —Y2


Or. 430.02 (pllgnTri exeg) ⟨ἐκκλείομαι γὰρ⟩: οὐχί  —Aa2XYfZcTGu

TRANSLATION:  (Supply) ‘no’ (before this sentence).

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  οὐ Gu, a.c. T

COMMENT:   This (obvious) gloss certainly is attested in witnesses that carry many Moschopulean glosses, but its absence from XaXbXoGr along with the lack of a cross in T have led to its being classified not as Moschopulean, but as in a category shared with 30 other glosses in Or. 1–500, where Triclinius has a gloss that is not attested in at least two other standard Thoman sources but is shared with Palaeologan witnesses that have eclectic collections of glosses.


Or. 430.03 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐκκλείομαι⟩: ἐκβάλλομαι  —FGKPrSar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐκκλείομαι⟩: καὶ ἀποδιώκομαι  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.05 (mosch gram) ἐκκλείομαι: ἐκβάλλεται ὁ ἔνδον ὤν, ἐκκλείεται δὲ ὁ μὴ εἰσελθεῖν συγχωρούμενος.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfG

TRANSLATION:   A person who is inside is (said to be) cast out, but one who is not allowed to enter is (said to be) shut out.

LEMMA: G(add. γὰρ)      REF. SYMBOL: Xo      POSITION: s.l. XaXbYYf

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἔνδων Y   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,20–21

COMMENT:   This is possibly a place where Moschopulus is reacting to an inferior gloss in the previous teaching tradition (430.03), or even a rare instance in which he is (modestly) indicating a choice between available readings of the text (since some recentiores have ἐκβάλλομαι).


Or. 430.06 (thom paraphr) ⟨ἐκκλείομαι⟩: ἔξω κλείομαι καὶ οὐκ ἐῶμαι εἰσελθεῖν.  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   I am shut outside and I am not allowed to enter.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. Zm

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,19


Or. 430.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐκκλείομαι⟩: κατέχομαι  —Zb2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐκκλείομαι⟩: καὶ ἀσφαλίζομαι  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.09 (rec exeg) ⟨ἐκβάλλομαι⟩: ἐκ⟨κ⟩λείομαι  —S

LEMMA: this in text S      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.10 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐκβάλλομαι⟩: διώκομαι  —AbMnRS

LEMMA: this in text all      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.11 (rec gloss) ⟨δωμάτων⟩: ἀπὸ τῶν  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.12 (rec gloss) ⟨δωμάτων ὅπη⟩: ὅπου τῶν  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὅπη⟩: ὅπου  —Aa2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. Ox


Or. 430.14 (rec gloss) ⟨ὅπη⟩: ποῦ  —Ab, app. Zb2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.15 (mosch gloss) ⟨ὅπη⟩: ἂν  —XXoTYfG

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.16 (rec gloss) ⟨μόλω⟩: ἀπέλθω  —Ab2F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.17 (mosch gloss) ⟨μόλω⟩: ἔλθω  —XXbXoT+YfGGrZb2Zm

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἐλθών G (with μολών in text)

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἑλθῶ Zm (with μολῶ in text)   |

COLLATION NOTES:   Ta omits the cross.   |


Or. 430.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μόλω⟩: καὶ παραγίνομαι  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 430.19 (thom exeg) ⟨μόλω⟩: ἐπὶ τὸ ἁγνισθῆναι  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (‘I go’, namely,) to be given purification.

POSITION: s.l.; cont. from 430.06 Zl

APP. CRIT.:  τῷ ZbZlT   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.136,20


Or. 431.01 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τίνες⟩: ποῖοι  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 431.02 (mosch gloss) ⟨πολιτῶν⟩: ἀπὸ τῶν  —XXaXbXoYYfGGrOxB3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῶν om. B3a


Or. 431.03 (rec artGloss) ⟨πολιτῶν⟩: τῶν  —F2Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 431.04 (tri metr) ⟨πολιτῶν⟩: long mark over iota  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 431.05 (vet exeg) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνταί σε γῆς⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ φιλονεικοῦσιν, ἐκβαλεῖν σε τῆς γῆς σπουδάζοντες.  —MBVC

TRANSLATION:   In the sense ‘they strive bitterly, eagerly seeking to exile you from the land’.

POSITION: s.l. except marg. B; cont. from prev. 431.08 BV

APP. CRIT.:  ἀντὶ τοῦ om. BV, τοῦ om. C   |    ἐκβαλεῖν] C, ἐκβάλλειν M, ἐκβάλλ[ B (ending illegible on images), ἐκβάλλουσι V   |    τῆς om. V   |    σπουδάζ(ου)σ(ι) V (σπουδ corr. from σπουξ)

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,18–19; Dind. II.136,23–24

COLLATION NOTES:   Check original B.   |


Or. 431.06 (rec paraphr) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται σε γῆς⟩: ἐκβάλλουσι σε γῆς  —OSarGY2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  σε γῆς om. SarG, γῆς om. Y2

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.137,2–3


Or. 431.07 (mosch paraphr) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνταί σε γῆς⟩: ἐκβαλεῖν τῆς γῆς σπεύδουσιν  —XXaXbXoT+YfGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  σπεύδ. ἐκβ. transp. Zc, om. τῆς γῆς


Or. 431.08 (vet gloss) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται⟩: ἐκδιώκουσιν  —MBVAaFPr

POSITION: s.l. except marg. MB

APP. CRIT.:  add. ἐνἤλακται δὲ ἡ πτῶσις M (conflated from 432.09)

APP. CRIT. 2:   -ουσι BFPr, truncated V   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,20; Dind. II.136,24


Or. 431.09 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται⟩: ἀποδιώκουσι  —AbMnRS

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 431.10 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται⟩: ἀποπέμπουσι  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.137,3


Or. 431.11 (recMoschThom gloss) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται⟩: διώκουσιν  —CrKOxXXaXbXoT+Y2YfGr ZZaZlZmTGuB3a

POSITION: s.l. (twice in T)

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx

APP. CRIT. 2:   -ουσι B3a   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.137,1–2


Or. 431.12 (thom gloss) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται⟩: ἐξελαύνουσιν  —ZZaZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   -ουσι ZlGu   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.137,2


Or. 431.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται⟩: καὶ ἐκφοβοῦσι  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 431.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται⟩: καὶ ταράσσουσι  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 431.15 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἐξαμιλλῶνται⟩: ὡς ἔοικε γὰρ, τρέχων ὁ ἄνθρωπος ἁμιλλῶνται οἱ πόδες, ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀγωνίζονται τίς μέλλει ἔρχεσθαι ἔμπροσθεν. ὅθεν καὶ ἅμιλλα ἡ μετὰ σπουδῆς φυγή.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   For, as it appears, when a person is running, his feet compete against each other, in the sense that they contest which one is going to go in front (of the other). Whence flight made in haste can also be (called) ‘competition’.

COMMENT:   I have added the comma after γὰρ and translated on the assumption that ἄνθρωπος is not the subject of ἔοικε (which would give a clumsy construction), but a nominativus pendens or (in Byzantine vernacular terms) nominative absolute participial phrase.

KEYWORDS:  Byzantine vernacular word/form/usage


Or. 431.16 (rec gloss) ⟨γῆς⟩: ἀπὸ  —GPr

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῆς add. G


Or. 431.17 (pllgn gloss) ⟨γῆς⟩: ἀπὸ τῆς πόλεως  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.01 (vet exeg) Οἴαξ τὸ Τροίας μῖσος: 1Ναυπλίου καὶ Κλυμένης τῆς Κατρέως ἐγένοντο Οἴαξ καὶ Παλαμήδης.  2ὁ δὲ Παλαμήδης ἀπελθὼν εἰς Τροίαν τὰ μέγιστα ὤνησε τὸν Ἑλληνικὸν λαόν.  3λιμωσσόντων γὰρ ἐν Αὐλίδι καὶ περὶ τὴν διανομὴν τοῦ σίτου δυσχεραινόντων τε καὶ στασιαζόντων, πρῶτον μὲν τὰ Φοινίκια διδάξας γράμματα αὐτοὺς ἴσην καὶ ἀνεπίληπτον τὴν διανομὴν ἐν τούτοις ἐπραγματεύσατο.  4ἔπειτα καὶ περὶ κύβους ἔτρεψεν αὐτῶν τὴν ὀλιγωρίαν, καὶ μέτρα ἐξεῦρε καὶ ψῆφον ὥστε μέγα σχεῖν ὄνομα παρὰ τοῖς Ἕλλησιν.  5ἐπὶ τούτῳ δὲ φθονήσαντες οἱ περὶ Ἀγαμέμνονα καὶ Ὀδυσσέα καὶ Διομήδην τοιόνδε τι σκευωροῦσι κατ’ αὐτοῦ.  6λαβόντες γὰρ Φρύγα αἰχμάλωτον χρυσίον κομίζοντα Σαρπηδόνι ἠνάγκασαν γράψαι Φρυγίοις γράμμασι περὶ προδοσίας ὡς παρὰ Πριάμου πρὸς Παλαμήδην.  7καὶ τοῦτον μὲν φονεύουσι, θεράποντα δὲ Παλαμήδους πείθουσι χρήμασιν ἅμα τοῖς Τρωϊκοῖς χρήμασι καὶ τὸ γραφὲν πινάκιον ὑπὸ τὴν κλίνην θέσθαι Παλαμήδους.  8αὐτοὶ δὲ παρελθόντες προδοσίαν κατήγγελλον τοῦ ἥρωος καὶ φωραθῆναι τὴν σκηνὴν ἐκέλευον.  9εὑρεθέντος δὲ τοῦ πινακίου καὶ τῶν χρημάτων ὑπὸ τὴν κλίνην λίθοις φονεύεται Παλαμήδης.  10Ναύπλιος δὲ ἀκούσας ἧκεν εἰς Ἴλιον δικάσαι τὸν φόνον τοῦ παιδός.  11τῶν δὲ Ἑλλήνων κατολιγωρούντων αὐτοῦ πρὸς τὸ κεχαρισμένον τοῖς βασιλεῦσιν ἀποπλεύσας εἰς τὴν πατρίδα καὶ πυθόμενος ἀποπλεῖν τοὺς Ἕλληνας ἧκεν εἰς Εὔβοιαν  12καὶ χειμῶνα φυλάξας φρυκτωρίας ἧψε περὶ τὰς ἄκρας τῆς Εὐβοίας.  13οἱ δὲ εὐεπίβατον νομίσαντες τὸν τόπον προσορμίζονται καὶ ἐν ταῖς πέτραις ἀπόλλυνται.   —MBOVCPrRw, partial Rf

TRANSLATION:   From Nauplius and Clymene the daughter of Catreus were born Oeax and Palamedes. Palamedes went off to Troy and produced the greatest benefits for the Greek army. For when they were suffering famine in Aulis and were displeased and disagreeing about the distribution of the grain, first by teaching them Phoenician letters he arranged that the distribution was equitable and beyond reproach among them. Secondly, also by busying them with dice games he overcame their apathy (or disrespect, i.e., of the leaders’ authority?), and he discovered measures and pebbles for counting/voting so that he acquired a big name among the Greeks. Agamemnon, Odysseus, and Diomedes became jealous because of this and contrive the following sort of plot against him. For they took a Phrygian captive while he was carrying money to Sarpedon and they compelled him to write about betrayal in the Phrygian alphabet, as if it were a letter from Priam to Palamedes. This fellow they put to death, but they bribe an attendant of Palamedes to place the written tablet together with the Trojan money under Palamedes’ cot. They themselves came forward (in assembly) and denounced the hero for treason and ordered that his tent be searched. When the tablet and the money were discovered under the cot, Palamedes is killed by stoning. Hearing of this, Nauplius came to Ilium to seek justice for the killing of his son, but when the Greeks disrespected him in order to please their kings, having sailed back to his homeland and having learned (later) that the Greeks were sailing home, he went to Euboea; and having watched for a storm, he lit signal fires around the headlands of Euboea. The Greeks, believing the place to offer a good landing-place, approach it for mooring and are destroyed on the rocks.

LEMMA: MBCPr, οἴαξ VRw      REF. SYMBOL: BV

APP. CRIT.:   1–3 ναυπλίου … σίτου partly lost to trimming O   |    1 ναυπλίας MC [O]   |    τῆς om. M   |    κἀτρέως B, καστρέως Rw, ἀτρέως M, τοῦ ἀτρέως Pr, κεντρέως C, κρατεροῦ V, κεστέ(ως) app. O, κρανέως Rf   |    ἐγένετο VPr, υἱοὶ Rf   |    2 ὁ δὲ παλαμήδης] ὃς ORfRw, om. Pr   |    ἐπελθὼν Rf   |    τὰ μέγιστα] om. Rw, τὰ ὡς μέγιστα V, μέγιστα Rf   |    λαόν] λεών Rw, στρατὸν Rf   |    3–13 λιμωσσόντων κτλ om. Rf   |    3 γὰρ] δὲ Rw   |    first καὶ om. V   |    παρὰ Pr   |    τοῦ σίτου] αὐτῶν MV   |    δυσχεραίνοντες … στασιάζοντες V   |    τε om. OVRw   |    δυστασιαζόντων Rw   |    πρῶτα ORw   |    τὰ φοινίκων M   |    γράμματα Schw. after Dind., om. MOV, ἦγεν BCPrRw   |    αὐτοὺς ἴσην Schw., αὐτοῖς ἴσην BCPr, ἴσην αὐτοῖς MV, αὐτοῖς Rw, αὐτοὺς O   |    καὶ] τε καὶ BPr   |    ἀνεπίληστον OCRw, perhaps B (appearance could be caused by rewriting)   |    ἐν τούτοις om. OVRw, ἐκείνοις Pr   |    ἐπραγματεύσαντο M   |    4 ἔτρεψεν] ἐράϊσεν V   |    αὐτῶν] αὐτοῖς V, αὐτὴν O   |    καὶ μέτρα … ψῆφον om. V   |    ὄνομα σχεῖν transp. O, ἔχειν ὄνομα V   |    παρὰ ἕλλησιν V, παρὰ τῶν ἑλλήνων C   |    5 ἐπὶ om. BPr   |    τούτῳ] τοῦτο MB, τούτοις O   |    τι om. ORw   |    σκαιοροῦσι BORw   |    6 αἰχμάλωτον φρύγα transp. O   |    φρύγια γράμματα VPr(φρύγεια)   |    περὶ πριάμου C, παράμου Rw, ἀπὸ πριάμου Pr   |    7 first καὶ om. M   |    first χρήμασι corr. from γράμμασι Rw, transp. after ἅμα O   |    second χρήμασι om. CRw, χρήματα OPr   |    πιττάκιον Rw, πινακίδιον Pr   |    8 παρελθόντες om. Rw   |    προδοσίαν] προδοσίας BV   |    κατήγγειλον OV, κατήγγελον MC [Rw]   |    σκηνὴν] σκῆψιν V   |    9 εὑρεθέντων Rw   |    πιττακίου Rw, app. πινακιδίου Pr (compend.), πινα[κ(?)]άκου O (small high trace suits upper right of kappa)   |    καὶ … κλίνην om. V   |    λίθοις φον.] καταλύεται V   |    10 ἧκεν] ἦλθεν Pr   |    εἰς om. V   |    τοῦ παιδὸς δικάσαι τὸν φόνον transp. Pr   |    11 δὲ om. O   |    ὀλιγωρούντων V   |    πευθόμενος V, πειθόμενος Pr   |    ἦκεν εἰς εὔβοιαν om. Rw   |    12–13 καὶ χειμῶνα κτλ om. O   |    12 ἧψε φρυκτ. transp. Rw   |    after φρυκτωρίας Pr inserts from next sch. (but crosses out) καὶ μέτρα καὶ σταθμοὺς καὶ πεττοὺς καὶ γράμματα καὶ φυλακὰς καὶ δίκας καὶ ἀστρολογίας   |    παρὰ MRw, πρὸς Pr   |    ἀκτὰς BCPrRw   |    τῆς app. om. Rw   |    13 καὶ προσορμίσαντες ἐν Rw   |    τε καὶ BV   |    at end add. πάμπολλοι BPrRw   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 ὤνησεν M [O], ὄνησε Rf   |    3 λιμωττόντων BOCPrRw   |    φοινίκεια Pr   |    4 ἐξεῦρεν M   |    ἕλλησι Pr   |    5 ὀδυσέα O   |    τοῖονδέ τι M   |    σκευοροῦσι M   |    6 γρᾶψαι app. M   |    γράμμασιν M   |    7 φονεύουσιν M   |    πείθουσιν M   |    ἇμα M   |    second χρήμασιν M   |    10 δικᾶσαι M   |    11 κατωλιγωρούντων MC, κατηγ‑ changed to κατολιγ‑ Rw   |    κεχωρισμένον app. Rw   |    εὐοίαν V, εὔβοιαν p.c. O (perhaps εὔζοιαν a.c.)   |    12 εὐοίας V   |    13 ἀπώλυνται Rw, ἀπόλυνται V, ἀπόλλονται M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.147,21–148,19; Dind. II.137,7–138,15

COMMENT:   Schwartz’s solution in 3 (αὐτοὺς ἴσην) seems best, although it is also possible that it is secondary to αὐτοῖς ἴσην and that M’s ἴσην αὐτοῖς is original (but in that case it would be best to delete ἐν τούτοις).

COLLATION NOTES:   Check original Rw for 8 κατήγγελλον (obscured by damage).   |


Or. 432.02 (thom exeg) 1ἡ περὶ τοῦ Παλαμήδους ἱστορία πλατυκώτερον καὶ ἀκριβέστερον οὕτως ἔχει.  2Ναυπλίου καὶ Κλυμένης τῆς Ἀτρέως ἐγένοντο Οἴαξ καὶ Παλαμήδης. ὃς ἀπελθὼν εἰς Τροίαν μέγιστα ὤνησε τὸν Ἑλληνικὸν λαόν.  3λιμώττοντας γὰρ παρεμυθήσατο γράμματά τε ἐξευρὼν καὶ κύβους καὶ ἄλλ’ ἄττα παίγνια,  4ἐν οἷς σφᾶς αὐτοὺς τρέποντες διέφερον τὴν ἔνδειαν ὥστε διὰ ταῦτα μέγα τόν Παλαμήδην σχεῖν ὄνομα.  5φθονήσαντες δὲ τούτῳ οἱ περὶ Ὀδυσσέα καὶ Διομήδην καὶ Ἀγαμέμνονα τοιόνδε σκαιωροῦσι κατ’ αὐτοῦ.  6λαβόντες γὰρ αἰχμάλωτον Φρύγα χρυσίον κομίζοντα Σαρπηδόνι ἠνάγκασαν γράψαι Φρυγίοις γράμμασι περὶ προδοσίας ὡς παρὰ Πριάμου πρὸς Παλαμήδην.  7καὶ τοῦτον μὲν φονεύουσι, θεράποντα δὲ Παλαμήδους πείθουσι τά τε χρήματα καὶ τὴν συσκευασθεῖσαν ταύτην γραφὴν ὑπὸ τὴν κλίνην θέσθαι Παλαμήδους,  8αὐτοὶ δὲ παρελθόντες εἰς τὸ στρατόπεδον προδοσίαν κατήγγελον τοῦ ἥρωος καὶ φοραθῆναι τὴν σκηνὴν διετείνοντο.  9εὑρεθέντων δὲ τῶν χρημάτων καὶ τῆς γραφῆς ὑπὸ τὴν κλίνην λίθοις φονεύεται Παλαμήδης.  10ὃς ὅτε ἔθνησκεν ἔφη [Tzetzes, carmina Iliaca 1.385] ‘χαῖρε ἀλήθεια κυδρή. πρόθανες γὰρ ἐμοῖο’.  11Ναύπλιος δὲ ἀκούσας ἦλθεν εἰς Ἴλιον δικάσαι τὸν φόνον τοῦ παιδός.  12τῶν δὲ Ἑλλήνων κατολιγωρούντων αὐτοῦ πρὸς τὸ κεχαρισμένον τοῖς βασιλεῦσιν ἀπῆλθεν ἄπρακτος.  13καὶ πρότερον μὲν παραπλέων τὰς Ἑλληνίδας χώρας παρεσκεύασε τὰς τῶν Ἑλλήνων γυναῖκας ἑτέρους ἁρμόσασθαι, ὡς ἐκείνων ἀπολωλότων.  14ἔπειτα τὴν τῶν Ἑλλήνων ἀκούσας ἐπάνοδον ἧψε φρυκτοὺς περὶ τὰ κοῖλα τῆς Εὐβοίας ἃ Καφηρεὺς καὶ Ξυλοφάγος καλεῖται,  15ὅποι προσπελάσαντες ἐν τῷ δοκεῖν λιμένα εἶναι διεφθάρησαν.   —ZbZlZmGu

TRANSLATION:   The story about Palamedes in a more extensive and more detailed version goes thus. From Nauplius and Clymene the daughter of Atreus were born Oeax and Palamedes. The latter went off to Troy and produced the greatest benefits for the Greek army. For when they were suffering famine he assuaged them by his invention of letters and dice games with tokens and some other amusements, turning themselves toward which they postponed their feeling of lack, so that because of these things Palamedes acquired great renown. Odysseus, Diomedes, and Agamemnon became jealous of this and conspire in the following plot against him. For they took a Phrygian captive while he was carrying money to Sarpedon and they compelled him to write about betrayal in the Phrygian alphabet, as if it were a letter from Priam to Palamedes. This fellow they put to death, but they persuade an attendant of Palamedes to place under Palamedes’ cot both the money and this letter they had trumped up. They themselves came forward before the army and denounced the hero for treason and insisted that his tent be searched. When the money and the letter were discovered under the cot, Palamedes is killed by stoning. As he was dying, he said: ‘Farewell, glorious Truth. For you died before me’. Hearing of this, Nauplius came to Ilium to seek justice for the killing of his son, but when the Greeks disrespected him in order to please their kings, he left with nothing accomplished. And first sailing along the Greek territories he arranged that the wives of the Greeks should take other men as husbands, in the belief that those (at Troy) had perished. Then, when he heard of the return voyage of the Greeks, he lit signal fires around the hollows of Euboea that are called Caphareus and Timber-devourer. Drawing close to this place in their belief that there was a harbor, they were completely destroyed.

LEMMA: ἱστορία in marg. Zm      POSITION: follows 432.05 in all

APP. CRIT.:   1 περὶ τοῦ] τοῦ Gu, περὶ Zl   |    2 λαόν] στρατὸν Zl   |    3 λιμώττοντες Gu   |    γράμματ’ ἐξευρὼν Gu   |    4 τὸν παλ. μέγα transp. ZbZlGu   |    5 δὲ om. Zb   |    τούτῳ] τοῦτο a.c. Zb   |    6 ἠνάγκασεν Zb   |    7 σκευασθεῖσαν Zl, σκλασθεῖσαν Zb   |    ταύτην τὴν γραφὴν Zb   |    8 φοραθῆναι ταῦτα κατὰ τὴν σκ. Gu   |    10 ὅτε] ὅτι Zl   |    ἔθνησκεν] τέθνηκεν Zl   |    ἐμεῖο Tzetzes (ed. 1840 Lehrs and Dübner)   |    12 αὐτοῦ] τῶ Zb   |    13 περιπλέων app. Gu   |    14 ἔπειτα δὲ ZbZlGu   |    φρυκτοὺς] φανοὺς Zl   |    15 ὅποι] ὅπου Gu, καὶ ὅπου ZbZl   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   3 ἄλλἀτα GuZl   |    8 κατήγγειλον Zb   |    10 ὅτε] ὅτ’ Gu   |    προύθανες Zb, προέθανες Gu, πρόφανες Zl   |    χαῖρ’ Zl   |    12 κατωλιγ‑ Zb   |    13 ἀπωλωλότων Gu   |    14 ἧψαι Zb   |    15 λιμέναν Zb   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.137, app. 7

COMMENT:   For Ξυλοφάγος see on 362.10.

KEYWORDS:  citation of literature other than Homer (with direct quotation)   |   Tzetzes


Or. 432.03 (vet exeg) ἄλλως: 1τὸν Παλαμήδους θάνατον οἱ μὲν ἐν Γεραιστῷ, οἱ δὲ ἐν Τενέδῳ, οἱ δὲ ἐν Κολωναῖς τῆς Τρῳάδος ὑποτίθενται.  2φασὶ δὲ αὐτὸν εὑρεῖν φρυκτωρίας καὶ μέτρα καὶ σταθμοὺς καὶ πεττοὺς καὶ γράμματα καὶ φυλακὰς καὶ ἀστρολογίας.   —MBCPr, partial V

TRANSLATION:   Some posit that the death of Palamedes (took place) in Geraestus, some in Tenedus, some in Colonae in the Troad. They say he invented signal fires, measures of length and weight, board-games with tokens, writing, guardwatch systems, and the studies of the stars.

LEMMA: CPr, ἄλλως in marg. B (with τὸν παλ. θάν. punct. as lemma)      POSITION: cont. from 432.01 V

APP. CRIT.:   1 τὸν παλ. … ὑποτίθενται om. V   |    τὸν] τὸν δὲ παλ. MC, om. Pr   |    κολωνοῖς all, corr. Schw.   |    2 φασὶ … εὑρεῖν] τὸν δὲ παλαμήδην φησὶν εὑρηκέναι V   |    φησὶ Pr   |    φρυκτωρίαν C, φρυκτήρια V, φρυκτωρί() M (ambig. stroke, ω or α or ων?)   |    πεττείας BC   |    πεττοὺς γράμματα φυλακὰς V   |    after φυλακὰς add. καὶ δίσκους B, add. καὶ δίκας Pr   |    ἀστρολογίας] ἀστραγάλους Matt.   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 ὑποτίθονται C   |   2 εὐρεῖν M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.148,20–23; Dind. II.138,15–19

COMMENT:   Matthiae’s emendation ἀστραγάλους inserts a term too similar to πεττοὺς, whereas explanation of the movements of the stars is associated with Palamedes elsewhere (Soph. Nauplius, fr. 432 Radt; Philostratus, Heroicus 33.7; Sch. Hom. Od. 5.272k Pontani) and also is among the gifts of the alternative discoverer, Prometheus (Aesch. Prom. 457–458).


Or. 432.04 (rec exeg) ⟨Οἴαξ⟩: 1Οἴαξ ἦν πατὴρ τοῦ Παλαμήδους.  2τοῦ μὲν Παλαμήδους κατηγορηθέντος ὑπὸ τοῦ Ὀδυσσέως, προσέταξεν ὁ Ἀγαμέμνων καὶ ἐλίθασαν αὐτὸν.  3καὶ οὕτως ἐτελεύτησεν ἐν τῇ Τροίᾳ ἀδίκως ὑπὸ τῶν λιθοβολιῶν.   —MnSSaRb

TRANSLATION:   Oeax was father of Palamedes. When Palamedes was accused by Odysseus, Agamemnon gave the order and they (the Greeks) stoned him. And thus he died at Troy unjustly by stoning.

LEMMA: ἱστορία in marg. S      REF. SYMBOL: Sa, (to 433) Rb

APP. CRIT.:  1 οἴαξ ἦν] ὁ Rb   |    2 ἐλίθαξαν Rb   |    3 οὕτως om. Rb   |    ἀδίκως transp. after λιθοβολιῶν Rb   |    at end add. τινὲς δὲ φασὶν Rb

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.138, app. 20


Or. 432.05 (thom exeg) ⟨Οἴαξ⟩: 1Οἴαξ ἀδελφὸς ἦν Παλαμήδους,  2ὃς εἰς Τροίαν μετὰ τῶν Ἑλλήνων στρατεύσας καὶ θαυμασθεὶς ὡς οὐδείς πω τῶν πώποτε γενομένων ἐπὶ σοφίᾳ, φθονηθεὶς ὑπὸ Ὀδυσσέως καὶ Διομήδους καὶ Ἀγαμέμνονος ἀνῃρέθη λίθοις,  3ἀνθ’ ὧν ὁ ἀδελφὸς αὐτοῦ Οἴαξ ἀμυνόμενος Ἀγαμέμνονα,  4τοῦτο γάρ ἐστι τὸ Τροίας μίσος ἀναφέρων πατρὶ,  5συναγωνίζεται τὸν κατὰ τοῦ Ὀρέστου θάνατον.  6διὸ καὶ ὁ Ὀρέστης ἐρωτηθεὶς ὑπὸ Μενελάου τίς ἐστὶν ὁ διώκων αὐτὸν ‘Οἴαξ’ φησίν.  7οὗτος ὁ Παλαμήδης λέγεται εὑρηκέναι ιζ γράμματα μήπω τότε ὄντα, ἀλλὰ Φοινίκων ἐχρῶντο γράμμασιν οἱ ἄνθρωποι, ἄλλοι δὲ ἄλλα.  8εὗρε δὲ καὶ πεττοὺς πρὸς παραμυθίαν τῶν Ἑλλήνων καὶ φρυκτωρίας καὶ σταθμοὺς καὶ ψήφους καὶ ἀστρολογίας.   —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   Oeax was the brother of Palamedes, who having gone to war at Troy along with the Greeks and having earned admiration for wisdom like no one yet of those who had ever existed, incurred the envy of Odysseus, Diomedes, and Agamemnon and was killed by stoning. Because of this, his brother Oeax, trying to take vengeance on Agamemnon—for that is what is meant by ‘assigning to my father the blame for the hateful deed at Troy’—joins in seeking the death penalty against Orestes. That is also why when Orestes is asked by Menelaus who it is who pursues him, he says ‘Oeax’. This Palamedes is said to have invented seventeen letters that were not yet in existence at that time, but people were using the letters of the Phoenicians, different groups (using) different sets of them. He also invented board games with tokens to assuage the Greeks, and signal fires and weights and pebbles for counting/voting and studies of the stars.

LEMMA: in marg. ἱστορία περὶ παλαμήδους T      REF. SYMBOL: all except ZmGu      POSITION: precedes 432.02 ZbZlZmGu

APP. CRIT.:   2 εἰς τὴν τροίαν Zb   |    5 τοῦ κατὰ transp. Gu   |    6 first ὁ om. Gu   |    ὁ add. before οἴαξ ZbZlZmTGu   |    7 λέγεται om. Zb, leaving blank   |    δεκαεπτὰ ZbZmTGu   |    οἱ om. TGu   |    8 καὶ φρυκτωρίας κτλ om. ZZaT   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   μίσος ZZa   |   app. πεσσοὺς a.c. T; πετοὺς ZZaZbTGu, T after initial correction (πεττοὺς after second corr. T)   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.138,20–139,10


Or. 432.06 (rec exeg) ⟨Οἴαξ⟩: ὁ ἀδελφὸς τοῦ Παλαμήδους  —CrKPrRfOxZu

POSITION: s.l. except marg. K

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. CrOx   |    ὁ om. PrRf   |    τοῦ om. PrRf   |    τοῦ παλ. transp. before ὁ ἀδ. CrOx


Or. 432.07 (pllgn exeg) ⟨Οἴαξ⟩: Ναύπλιος ἔσχε δύ[ο υἱοὺς] τὸν Οἴακα καὶ τὸν Παλαμήδη.  —F

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  or δύ[ο παῖδας] F


Or. 432.08 (rec artGloss) ⟨Οἴαξ⟩:  —F2Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.09 (vet exeg) τὸ Τροίας μῖσος: 1ἀντὶ τοῦ τὸ ἐπὶ Τροίας μῖσος τοῦ πατρὸς ἀναφέρων εἰς ἐμέ·  2ἐνήλλακται ἡ πτῶσις·  3πατρὶ γὰρ εἶπεν ἀντὶ τοῦ πατρός.   —MaBVCPrRw, partial Mb

TRANSLATION:   Equivalent to ‘referring/applying to me his hatred of my father at Troy’. The case has been exchanged, for he said (dative) ‘patri’ for (genitive) ‘patros’.

LEMMA: οἴαξ τὸ τροίας μῖσος C, τροίας μίσος Rw      POSITION: s.l. MaVCPr, marg. B, cont. from 431.08 Mb

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἀντὶ … ἐμέ om. Mb   |    ἀντὶ τοῦ om. B, τοῦ om. C   |    τὸ om. MaVPrRw   |    τροία B   |    εἰς ἐμέ] ἐμέ V, ἐμοὶ Pr   |    2 δὲ ἡ MbRw   |    3 πατρὶ γὰρ κτλ B, om. others   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 μίσος B   |   2 ἐνἤλακται Mb, ἐνήλακται Pr   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,1–2; Dind. II.139,11–12


Or. 432.10 (mosch paraphr) τὴν ἐν Τροίᾳ ἔχθραν ἀνατιθεὶς τῷ πατρί  —X

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.11 (mosch paraphr) ⟨τὸ Τροίας μῖσος⟩: τὴν ἐν Τροίᾳ ἔχθραν  —XaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἐν] ἐπὶ τῇ G


Or. 432.12 (rec gloss) ⟨Τροίας⟩: ἐπὶ  —FKPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.13 (rec exeg) ⟨μῖσος⟩: τὸ πρὸς Παλαμήδην γεγονὸς  —MnS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   γεγονὼς Mn   |


Or. 432.14 (pllgn gram) ⟨μῖσος⟩: μύσος τὸ μίασμα ἀπὸ τοῦ μύω τὸ καμμύω καὶ τοῦ ὄσσος ὁ ὀφθαλμός. ὁ γὰρ ὀφθαλμὸς οὐκ ἀνέχεται βλέπειν τοιαῦτα. μῖσος δὲ ἡ μανία καὶ ἡ μάχη ἀπὸ τοῦ μὴ ἔχειν ἰσότητα.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   ‘Musos’ meaning ‘miasma’ is from ‘muō’ meaning ‘close (one’s eyes)’ and from ‘ossos’ meaning ‘eye’. For the eye cannot endure looking upon such things. ‘Misos’ meaning ‘madness’ and ‘battle’ is from not (‘mē’) having equality (‘iso-’).

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The first etymology includes the traditional connection with μύω; other sources lack the explicit claim about ὄσσος, but Eust. in Il. 3.262 (I.649,5–7) comes close, τὸ γοῦν μῖσος ἐκ τοῦ μύειν παρῆκται, ἀφ’ οὗ καὶ τὸ μῦσος· μύει γὰρ ἐπὶ τοῖς ἐχθροῖς ὁ μισῶν, ἤγουν ἀλλὰ ὄσσε πάλιν κλίνει μηδὲ εἰσορᾶν ἐθέλων; also Eust. in Il. 20.9 (IV.358,6–7) ὡς γὰρ μύω μύσω, φασί, μῦσος, εἰς ὃ μύομεν μὴ ἐμβλέπειν ἀνεχόμενοι, ἢ πρὸς ὃ τὰ χείλη μύομεν οὐ προσφωνοῦντες; cf. Sch. Opp. Hal. 1.6 μῖσος τὸ μῖ ι δηλονότι ἀπὸ τοῦ μισῶ, μῦσος δὲ τὸ ἁμάρτημα ἀπὸ τοῦ μύω τὸ καμμύω· καὶ γὰρ ὁ ἰδὼν ἁμάρτημα αἰσχρὸν μύει. The second etymology is a more elaborate version of that in Orion 98,18 μῖσος. παρὰ τὸ μὴ ἴσον εἶναι; Et. Magn. 588,50–52 μῖσος: παρὰ τὸ μὴ ἴσος εἶναι, ὡς ἀνάρσιος ὁ ἐχθρός· ἢ ἀπὸ τοῦ μύω μύσω, μύσος καὶ μῖσος, ὃ πάντες μύοντες ἐκφεύγομεν.

KEYWORDS:  etymology


Or. 432.15 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἀναφέρων⟩: ἀνατιθεὶς  —XaXbXoT+YYfGGrZb2ZcAa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀναφέρων⟩: ἀνάγων  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.17 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀναφέρων⟩: ἀναμνημονεύων  —V3PrY2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀναφέρων⟩: ἐνθυμούμενος  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.19 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀναφέρων⟩: ἀναλογιζόμενος  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.20 (rec gloss) ⟨πατρί⟩: Ἀγαμέμνονι  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.21 (recThom gloss) ⟨πατρί⟩: τῷ ἐμῷ  —AbMnRSZaZlZmTGu, perhaps Z

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   too washed out in Z to be certain   |   τῷ om. ZlZmT


Or. 432.22 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨πατρί⟩: τῷ  —GZu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 432.23 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨πατρός⟩: τοῦ  —F2

LEMMA: πατρός s.l. variant F      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.01 (recThom gloss) ⟨συνῆκα⟩: ἐνόησα  —V1Xo2ZZaZbZlZmZuTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐννό‑ Zu   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.139,13


Or. 433.02 (rec gloss) ⟨συνῆκα⟩: οἶδα  —AbF2R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.03 (rec gloss) ⟨συνῆκα⟩: καὶ ἐγνώρισα  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨συνῆκα⟩: ἔμαθον  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨συνῆκα⟩: καὶ γινώσκω  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.06 (mosch paraphr) ⟨Παλαμήδους σε τιμωρεῖ φόνου⟩: τιμωρεῖται σε ἤγουν κολάζει ἕνεκα τοῦ φόνου τοῦ Παλαμήδους.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGr

POSITION: s.l. except XXo

APP. CRIT.:  after κολάζει add.. σε Xo

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἕνεκεν XaXbYYf   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.139,14–15


Or. 433.07 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨Παλαμήδους σε τιμωρεῖ φόνου⟩: ἕνεκα τοῦ φόνου τοῦ Παλαμήδους κολάζει.  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.08 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨Παλαμήδους σε τιμωρεῖ φόνος⟩: μετῆλθεν ὁ φόνος τοῦ Παλαμήδους.  —Gu

LEMMA: φόνου in text Gr (but φόνος in Thoman mss)      POSITION: crowded beneath συνῆκα and gloss ἐκεῖνος on 434


Or. 433.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Παλαμήδους⟩: χάριν  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Παλαμήδους⟩: ἕνεκα  —V3Zb2Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.11 (rec artGloss) ⟨Παλαμήδους⟩: τοῦ  —F2MnXo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.12 (thom exeg) τιμωρεῖ: 1κολάζει· δι’ ἐκεῖνον γάρ σοι μάχεται Οἴαξ.  2τιμωρῶ δὲ οὐ μόνον τὸ βοηθῶ ἀλλὰ καὶ τὸ κολάζω, ὥσπερ καὶ τὸ τιμωροῦμαι κατ’ ἀμφοτέρας εὑρήσεις τὰς χρήσεις.   —ZZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   He punishes, for because of that man (Palamedes), Oeax is fighting you. And (the active verb) ‘timōrō’ means not only ‘to come to the aid of’ but also ‘to punish’, just as you will find (the middle form) ‘timōroumai’ too in both senses.

LEMMA: T      REF. SYMBOL: T      POSITION: s.l. except TGu; as two sep. notes Zl

APP. CRIT.:  1 ἤγουν prep. T, τιμωρεῖ καὶ prep. Gu   |    2 δὲ om. Zl   |    εὑρήσεις τὰς χρήσεις om. Zl   |    εὑρήσεις om. Zb, εὕροις TGu

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.139,15–18


Or. 433.13 (rec gloss) ⟨τιμωρεῖ⟩: κολάζει  —CrMnOxXo2ZaZc

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrMnOx   |    σε add. Mn


Or. 433.14 (rec gloss) ⟨τιμωρεῖ⟩: ὁ Οἴαξ  —KZu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 433.15 (tri metr) ⟨τιμωρεῖ⟩: long mark over iota  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 433.16 (rec gloss) ⟨φόνου⟩: ἕνεκα  —KXo2Zc

LEMMA: φόνος in text Zc      POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τοῦ φόνου add. Zc


Or. 433.17 (rec artGloss) ⟨φόνος⟩:  —AbF2Ox

LEMMA: φόνος in text αλλ      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.01 (pllgn paraphr) οὐ μετουσία ὑπῆρχεν ἐμοὶ τοῦ φόνου, ἀλλὰ καὶ διὰ τριῶν ἄλλων ἀπόλλυμαι.  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.02 (rec paraphr) ⟨οὐκοῦν μετῆν μοι⟩: οὐ μέλει μοι περὶ τοῦ φόνου τοῦ Παλαμήδους.  —PrY2

LEMMA: thus in text Y; οὔ γ’ οὐ μετῆν in text Pr      POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   μέλλει PrY2   |


Or. 434.03 (mosch paraphr) οὐκοῦν μετῆν μοι: οὔκουν μετουσία ἦν μοι τοῦ φόνου, ἤγουν οὐ μετεῖχον, οὐκ ἐκοινώνουν.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

LEMMA: G      REF. SYMBOL: Xo      POSITION: s.l. except XXoG

APP. CRIT.:  οὔκουν] X, οὐ T, οὐκ G, om. others (i.e., to be supplied from οὔκουν in line)   |    μετουσία … ἤγουν om. Zc   |    ἦν ἐμοὶ μετουσία transp. G   |    οὐκ] οὐδ’ Zc   |    ἐκοινώνησα G   |    add. ἐγὼ τὸν φόνον ἐκεῖνον Y2   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.139,19–20


Or. 434.04 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨οὐκοῦν μετῆν μοι⟩: οὐδαμῶς μετουσία ἦν ἐμοὶ.  —Zb2

LEMMA: thus in text p.c. Zb (a.c. οὗ γ’ οὐ)      POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  app. οὐδὲ a.c. Zb2


Or. 434.05 (thom gloss) ⟨οὗ⟩: ἐκεῖνος  —ZZaZmTGu

LEMMA: οὔκουν in text Gr      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὗ⟩: καὶ οὗτινος  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.07 (rec paraphr) ⟨μετῆν μοι⟩: μετουσία ὑπῆρχεν ἐμοὶ  —CrKOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. CrOx   |    ἐμοὶ om. CrOx


Or. 434.08 (rec paraphr) ⟨μετῆν⟩: ἡ μετουσία τῶν δρωμένων ὑπῆρχε.  —AbRS, perhaps Sar

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ὑπῆρχε om. AbS


Or. 434.09 (rec paraphr) ⟨μετῆν⟩: ἡ μετουσία ὑπάρχει  —V1MnZaZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. Zu   |    ἡ om. ZaZu   |    μοι add. Mn


Or. 434.10 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨μετῆν⟩: μετουσία ὑπάρχει ἤγουν φροντὶς.  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.11 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨μετῆν⟩: μετουσία ὑπῆρχε τοῦ φόνου.  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.12 (rec gloss) ⟨μετῆν⟩: μετουσία  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.13 (thom gloss) ⟨μετῆν⟩: μετουσία ἦν  —ZZmAa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μετῆν⟩: φροντίς  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μετῆν⟩: μέτεστι  —B3a

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.16 (rec gloss) ⟨μετῆν⟩: τοῦ φόνου  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.17 (vet exeg) διὰ τριῶν δ’ ἀπόλλυμαι: 1πρῶτον τῶν πολιτῶν, δεύτερον Οἴακος.  2διὸ ἐπάγει ‘τίς ἄλλος’, ἵνα πληρώσῃ τοὺς τρεῖς.  3τινὲς δὲ τριῶν φασι τῶν Ἐρινύων.  4προεῖπε γὰρ [408] ‘ἔδοξ’ ἰδεῖν τρεῖς νυκτὶ προσφερεῖς κόρας’.  5τινὲς δέ φασι τῆς συνέσεως, τῆς λύπης καὶ τῆς μανίας.  6ἐν δὲ τοῖς Καλλιστράτου γέγραπται·  7ἐπιζητήσειεν ἄν τις πῶς διὰ τριῶν εἴρηκεν, εἰ μὴ διὰ τὸ Ἀγαμέμνονα καὶ Διομήδην καὶ Ὀδυσσέα μετασχεῖν τοῦ φόνου Παλαμήδους.   —MBC, partial VMnPrRaRbRwSaSbScSa

TRANSLATION:   First the citizens, secondly Oeax. Therefore he (Menelaus) follows up with ‘who else?’ so that he may fill out the three. Some say by three he (Orestes) means the Erinyes, because he said previously ‘I thought I saw three maidens similar to night’. Some (others) say the three are awareness (of guilt), pain, and madness. And in the commentaries of Callistratus (this) is written: ‘One might seek (in vain) an answer to the problem in what sense he has said ‘through three’, unless (it is) because Agamemnon, Diomedes, and Odysseus participated in the murder of Palamedes’.

LEMMA: MBC, (435) τίς δ’ ἄλλος VMnRbRwScSa      REF. SYMBOL: B, (at 435 τίς δ’ ἄλλος) VRbSa      POSITION: s.l. (at 435) Pr; between 439.02 and 457.04 Rw; in S, two incomplete versions SaSb are followed by lemma and version Sc

APP. CRIT.:   1–4 om. RaSaSb   |    2 διὸ ἐπάγει] ἐπάγει δὲ VMnPrRbRwScSa   |    δ’ ἄλλος B   |    3 τινὲς] τίνων C   |    δὲ om. RbSc   |    φασι τριῶν transp. BRbRw, τριῶν om. MnPrScSa   |    ἐρινύων ἐστὶν M   |    4 προεῖπε … κόρας om. Pr   |    γὰρ om. Sa (punct. προεῖπε as end of sch., quoted line rubr. as if a lemma)   |    ἰδεῖν] εἰδέναι VRw   |    νυκτὶ om. MnScSa   |    κόρας om. B   |    5 δὲ om. MnRb   |    φασι om. Pr   |    τῆς συνέσεως om. Sb   |    first τῆς om. Rb   |    λύπης] λύσσης C   |    καὶ τῆς om. M, καὶ om. VMn   |    6–7 ἐν δὲ κτλ om. VMnPrRaRbRwSaSbScSa   |    7 εἰρήκει B   |    διὰ τὸ] διὰ τὸν M, διὰ τὸ τὸν B   |    ὀδ. καὶ διομ. transp. B   |    at end add. χρήσης M   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 ἐπάγη C   |    3 ἐριννύων MnPrRwSa   |    4 προεῖπεν MB   |    πρὸς φερεῖς Rb, πρὸς φέρειν Mn   |    ἔδοξα M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,3–9; Dind. II.139,22–140,3

COLLATION NOTES:   Schw. reported B as εἰρήκοι in 7; I cannot see this on the image, but there is rewriting here, and it may be visible by autopsy. Check original B.   |

KEYWORDS:  Callistratus


Or. 434.18 (pllgn exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ διὰ πολλῶν  —MC

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἀντὶ τοῦ om. C

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,10; Dind. II.140,4


Or. 434.19 (pllgn exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ διὰ πολλῶν· ἄλλως γὰρ νοεῖσθαι οὐ δύναται.  —Lp

REF. SYMBOL: Lp

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.140,4–5


Or. 434.20 (rec exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: οἱ μὲν διὰ πολλῶν, οἱ δὲ διὰ συνέσεως καὶ λύπης καὶ μανίας.  —V

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.21 (rec exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: ὑπὸ τῶν Ἐρινύων  —V1AbRRfSZcZuB3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. AbSZu, ἤτοι V1   |    ὑπὸ τῶν om. RfZc, ὑπὸ om. V1ZuB3a

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐριννύων V1RRfZcZu   |


Or. 434.22 (pllgn gloss) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: Ἐριννύες  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.23 (pllgn exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: 1[σύνεσ]ις, λύπη, μανία ἡ ἀπὸ τῶν Ἐρ[ιννύ]ων·  2ἢ τῶν πολιτῶν καὶ τοῦ Οἴακος καὶ ἔτι Ἐριν[νύων] καὶ τούτων τριῶν·  3ἤγουν τῶν ἀπ’ Αἰγίσθου φίλων.   —F

POSITION: marg.


Or. 434.24 (rec exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: σύνεσις λύπη μανία  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.25 (pllgn exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: τῶν πολιτῶν, τοῦ Οἴακος καὶ τῶν Ἐριννύων· τινὲς δὲ λέγουσι τὴν σύνεσιν τὴν λύπην καὶ τὴν μανίαν.  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.26 (pllgn exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: διὰ τῶν Ἐριννύων ἢ τῆς συνέσεως τῆς λύπης καὶ τῆς μανίας, ἢ Ἀγαμέμνονος Ὀδυσσέως καὶ Διομήδους.  —Gu

POSITION: marg.

APP. CRIT.:  διὰ app. crossed out

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.140,5–6


Or. 434.27 (pllgn exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: διὰ τῶν πολιτῶν  —B3d

POSITION: marg.


Or. 434.28 (pllgn exeg) ⟨διὰ τριῶν⟩: ἤγουν διὰ πολλῶν ἤγουν τῶν Ἐριννύων  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.29 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨τριῶν⟩: τῶν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 434.30 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπόλλυμαι⟩: μόνος  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 435.01 (rec exeg) ⟨τίς δ’ ἄλλος⟩: τιμωρεῖ ἀπὸ κοινοῦ  —MnZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἀπὸ κοινοῦ om. Mn


Or. 435.02 (thom gloss) ⟨τίς δ’ ἄλλος⟩: ἀπόλλυσι  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   -σιν Zm, ἀπόλλυσε Zl, ἀπέλλυσε Zb   |


Or. 435.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τίς δ’ ἄλλος⟩: [μ]άχεταί σε  —F2

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The dative is normal with μάχομαι even in very late authors, but the accusative is sometimes found, as in Georgius Acropolites, Annales 70,13; 71,65; 72,3.


Or. 435.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τίς δ’ ἄλλος⟩: μετέχει  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 435.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τίς δ’ ἄλλος⟩: ἔστι  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 435.06 (recMosch gloss) ⟨ἦ που⟩: ἆρα  —AaAbCrF2MnRSarOx XXaXbXoTYYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l.; cont. from next T (perhaps intended to be single phrase)

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἄρα CrOx, app. Aa   |


Or. 435.07 (thom gloss) ⟨ἦ που⟩: ὄντως  —ZZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 435.08 (recMosch gloss) ⟨τῶν⟩: τίς  —AbF2MnRXXaXbXoTYYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τὶς F2G

COMMENT:   It is ambiguous, as often, whether τίς is intended to be understood as interrogative or indefinite; the indefinite is unambiguous in F2G.


Or. 436.01 (pllgn paraphr) ἐκεῖνοι ὑβρίζουσιν ἐμὲ ὧν ἀκούει ἡ πόλις.  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἐμοὶ Y2

COMMENT:   I could find no evidence of the dative with ὑβρίζω in late Greek authors.


Or. 436.02 (rec paraphr) ⟨οὗτοι⟩:  ἤτοι οἱ φίλοι τοῦ Αἰγίσθου  —V1

POSITION: s.l. (above ὧν πόλις)


Or. 436.03 (mosch paraphr) οὗτοι: ἤγουν οἱ ἀπὸ τοῦ Αἰγίσθου  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrZc

LEMMA: X      POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν] οὗτοι Xo


Or. 436.04 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨οὗτοι⟩: οἱ συγγενεῖς τοῦ Αἰγίσθου  —Zb2Gu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  οἱ om. Gu (συγγενεῖς add. above Gr’s τοῦ αἰγίσθου)   |


Or. 436.05 (pllgn exeg) ⟨οὗτοι⟩: οἱ ἀπὸ τοῦ Αἰγίσθου· καθ’ ὑπόληψιν  —G

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The meaning of καθ’ ὑπόληψιν is uncertain. It is not attested in scholia or rhetorical texts. In others it usually appears to mean ‘by (mere) assumption’; it might mean ‘by continuation (of the interlocutor’s thought)’, which fits the passage somewhat better.

KEYWORDS:  ὑπόληψις


Or. 436.06 (rec gloss) ⟨οὗτοι⟩: τοῦ Αἰγίσθου  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   αἰγίστου Mn   |


Or. 436.07 (rec gloss) ⟨ὑβρίζουσ’⟩: ἄτιμον ποιοῦσι  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 436.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑβρίζουσ’⟩: ἀτιμάζουσιν  —F2Zl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   -ουσι Zl   |


Or. 436.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑβρίζουσ’⟩: διώκουσι  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 436.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑβρίζουσ’⟩: ἁμιλλῶνται  —Lp

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἀμιλλ‑ Lp   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.140,10


Or. 436.11 (rec paraphr) ⟨ὧν πόλις τὰ νῦν κλύει⟩: ὧντινων φίλων τῶν ἀπ’ Αἰγίσθου ἀκούει ἡ πόλις.  —AbS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἀπαἰγ‑ AbS, ‑γίστω Ab   |


Or. 436.12 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ὧν⟩: καὶ ὧντινων τὰς ὕβρεις  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 436.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὧν⟩: τούτων  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 436.14 (rec gloss) ⟨πόλις⟩: ἐκεῖνοι  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 436.15 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨πόλις⟩:  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 436.16 (rec gloss) ⟨κλύει⟩: ἀκούει  —F2PrXZl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 436.17 (mosch gloss) ⟨κλύει⟩: ὑπακούει  —XaXbXoT+YYfGGrB3d

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἐπακούει GrB3d

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.140,11


Or. 436.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κλύει⟩: ὑπόκειται  —V2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ὑποκεῖνται a.c. V2


Or. 436.19 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κλύει⟩: πείθεται  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 436.20 (pllgn exeg) ⟨κλύει⟩: ὀνομάζεται ἢ ἀκούει  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.140,11


Or. 437.01 (vet exeg) Ἀγαμέμνονος δὲ σκῆπτρ’: πάλιν φιλοπράγμονος ὁ Μενέλαος παραγυμνοῖ τὸ ἦθος φροντίζων περὶ τῆς βασιλείας.  —MBVCMnPrRbRwSSaY2

TRANSLATION:   Again Menelaus indirectly bares his character as meddlesome, showing his concern for the kingship.

LEMMA: C, ἀγ. δὲ σκ. ἐᾷ σ’ B, ἀγαμ. σκῆπτρα ἐῶσα Pr, ἀγαμέμνονος δέ VRw, ἀγαμέμνονος MnRbSSa      REF. SYMBOL: BVRb      POSITION: s.l. M

APP. CRIT.:   πάλιν φασὶ Rb, but φασὶ del.   |    φιλοπράγμονος Schw., ‑πραγμόνως all except ‑πραγμονεῖ MCY2   |    καὶ παραγ. Y2   |    perhaps περιγυμνοῖ MnRb   |    ἦθος] εἶδος VMnSSaRbY2   |    περὶ] παρὰ S, om. Y2   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   παραγυμνεῖ Sa   |    φροντίζον Sa   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,11–12; Dind. II.140,13–14


Or. 437.02 (pllgn exeg) Μενέλαος Σπάρτην, Ἀγαμέμνων Μυκήνας  —V2

POSITION: marg.

APP. CRIT.:  μυκ. ἀγαμ. transp. a.c. V2


Or. 437.03 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨Ἀγαμέμνονος⟩: τοῦ  —F2Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 437.04 (rec exeg) ⟨σκῆπτρ’⟩: συνεκδοχικὸν, ἀπὸ συμβόλου τὸ κύριον.  —Mn

TRANSLATION:   Synecdochic, from the symbol (scepter) the proper term (kingship).

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  synecdoche/συνεκδοχικόν


Or. 437.05 (moschThom gloss) ⟨σκῆπτρ’⟩: τὴν βασιλείαν  —XXaXbXoYYfGGrZcZZaZbZlZmT*

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 437.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σκῆπτρ’⟩: ἤγουν τὰς ἀρχὰς  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 437.07 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨σκῆπτρ’⟩: τὰ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 437.08 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐᾷ⟩: καὶ ἐκατέλειψε  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  Byzantine vernacular word/form/usage


Or. 437.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐᾷ⟩: καὶ καταλιμπάνει  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 437.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐᾷ⟩: παραχωρεῖ  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 437.11 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐᾷ⟩: ἄφες  —Ab

LEMMA: ἐᾶ in text Ab      POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The gloss suits imperative ἔα, for which the glossator has mistaken ἐᾶ.


Or. 437.12 (rec artGloss) ⟨πόλις⟩:  —AbF2Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.01 (vet exeg) πῶς οἵτινες ζῆν: τὸ οἵτινες οὐ πρὸς τὴν πόλιν, ἀλλὰ πρὸς τοὺς ἐν τῇ πόλει  —MVaVbCPr

TRANSLATION:   The relative pronoun (masculine plural) does not agree with the city (feminine singular) but with those in the city.

LEMMA: Va      REF. SYMBOL: Va      POSITION: s.l. except Va

APP. CRIT.:   ὅτι prep. Va   |    πρὸς om. Pr   |    τὴν om. Va

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,13–14; Dind. II.140,15–16


Or. 438.02 (mosch paraphr) πῶς οἵτινες ζῆν: κατὰ τίνα τρόπον ἐάσουσιν ἔχειν τὰ σκῆπτρα οἵτινες οὐκέτι ἐῶσιν ἡμᾶς ζῆν;  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGaGbGr

LEMMA: πῶς οἵ γε ζῆν Ga(as in text G)      REF. SYMBOL: Xo      POSITION: s.l. except XXoYfGa

APP. CRIT.:  οὐκέτι] οὐκ GaGb

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.140,16–17

COLLATION NOTES:   Ta omits cross.   |


Or. 438.03 (rec exeg) ⟨πῶς⟩: ἐάσουσι βασιλεύειν  —R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.04 (pllgn exeg) ⟨πῶς⟩: μέλλουσιν ἐᾶσαι βασιλεύειν  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.05 (pllgn exeg) ⟨πῶς⟩: ἔνι τοῦτο δυνατὸν γενέσθαι  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.06 (rec gloss) ⟨πῶς⟩: οὐδαμῶς  —CrMnOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  δηλονότι add. CrOx


Or. 438.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πῶς⟩: κατὰ τίνα τρόπον  —Zc

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἵτινες … ἔτι⟩: ὅτι θέλωσι θανατῶσαι με  —Zc

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὐκ ἐῶσ’⟩: οὐ θέλουσιν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὐκ ἐῶσ’⟩: καὶ οὐκ ἀφίνωσι  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  Byzantine vernacular word/form/usage


Or. 438.11 (thom gloss) ⟨ἐῶσ’⟩: ἀφιᾶσι  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐῶσ’⟩: ζῆν  —Zc

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.13 (rec gloss) ⟨ἡμᾶς⟩: ἐμὲ  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.14 (thom gloss) ⟨ἔτι⟩: εἰς τὸ ἑξῆς  —ZZaZbZlZmGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔτι⟩: καὶ εἰς τὸ νῦν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 438.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔτι⟩: εἰς τὸ μέλλον  —Lp

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.140,17


Or. 439.01 (vet exeg) τί δρῶντες: 1εἰπέ μοι σαφῶς ὃ ἔχεις εἰπεῖν·  2τί δρῶντες οὐκ ἐῶσί σε ζῆν.  3οὐ γὰρ αἰτιῶδες νῦν τὸ ὅτι, ἀλλὰ ἀντὶ τοῦ τί Ἀττικῶς.   —MBCPrRw, partial VMnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   Tell me clearly what you have to say: By doing what do they not allow you to live? For in this place the word ‘hoti’ is not causal, but used for (interrogative) ‘what’ in the Attic manner.

LEMMA: MBVCPrRw      REF. SYMBOL: BVRb

APP. CRIT.:   1–2 εἰπὲ … δρῶντες om. V   |    1 εἰπὲ … εἰπεῖν om. MnRbSSa (ἐστι MnS)   |    2 οὐκ ἐῶσι] ἀκεῶσι S   |    σε om. Sa   |    γάρ ἐστιν BVPrMnRbRwSSa   |    3 αἰτιῶδες] αἰτιολογικὸν MnSSa   |    νῦν] τὸ νῦν Mn, om. Pr   |    punct. after αἰτιῶδες, then as sep. note τὸ ὅτι γὰρ ἀντὶ κτλ Pr   |    τὸ] δὲ V   |    ἀλλὰ … ἀττικῶς] om. VMnRbSSa   |    ἀττικὸν PrRw   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 ζὴν Mn   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,15–16; Dind. II.140,19–21

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικόν/Ἀττικῶς


Or. 439.02 (vet exeg) ἄλλως: 1ὁ λόγος· εἰπέ μοι σαφῶς ὅ τι δρῶντες οὐκ ἐῶσί σε ζῆν.  2καὶ ἔστιν Ἀττικὸν, τὸ ὅτι ἀντὶ τοῦ τί.  3ἐὰν δὲ γράφηται ‘ἢ τί’, ὁ στίχος οὕτως·  4τί δρῶντες· ἢ τί καὶ σαφὲς εἰπεῖν ἔχεις.   —BCPrRw, partial MVMnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   The run of the sense (is): Tell me clearly by doing what they do not allow you to live. And it is an Attic construction, ‘hoti’ used for ‘ti’ (what). But if the reading is ‘ē ti’ (‘or what’), the verse (is to be taken) as follows: ‘Doing what? Or what can you say that is indeed clear?’

LEMMA: BRw      POSITION: cont. from prev. Pr; cont. from prev., add. δὲ, MVCMnRbSSa; follows next Rw

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἀττικός prep. B, τὸ ἀττικὸν καὶ prep. Rw   |    1–2 ὁ λόγος … τοῦ τί om. Pr   |    1 σαφὲς B   |    1–4 οὐκ ἐῶσί κτλ om. VMnRbSSa   |    1–2 οὐκ ἐῶσί … τοῦ τί om. M   |    2 καὶ ἔστιν … τοῦ τί] τὸ ὅτι γὰρ ἀντὶ τοῦ τί ἀττικ() B   |    καὶ] ἀλλ’ Rw   |    3 γράφηται] γρ() M   |    3–4 οὕτως· τί] ἐστὶν ὅτι Rw   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,17–19; Dind. II.140,21–23

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικόν/Ἀττικῶς


Or. 439.03 (rec exeg) ἄλλως· τί δρῶντες ὅτι καὶ σαφὲς: 1⟨τί⟩ ποιοῦντες;  2ἔχεις τι καὶ σαφὲς εἰπεῖν ἐμοί;  3τὸ γὰρ ὅτι νῦν ἀορίστως κεῖται.   —Rw

TRANSLATION:   Doing what? Can you tell me anything that is indeed clear? For ‘hoti’ is used in this place indefinitely.

LEMMA: Rw      POSITION: between 439.01 and 439.02

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 τί Rw   |


Or. 439.04 (pllgn paraphr) ἢ ⟨τί⟩ δρῶντες, ἐπεὶ οὐκ ἐῶσιν ὑμᾶς ζῆν;  —G

LEMMA: thus in text G      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 439.05 (rec exeg) ⟨τί δρῶντες⟩: οὐκ ἐῶσι σοι ζῆν ἐκεῖ  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 439.06 (mosch exeg) ⟨τί δρῶντες⟩: οὐκέτι δηλονότι ἐῶσιν ὑμᾶς ζῆν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGr

TRANSLATION:  (With the elliptical question supply the predicate), clearly, ‘no longer allow you to live’.

REF. SYMBOL: X      POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἐῶσιν δηλονότι transp. XaY


Or. 439.07 (thom exeg) ⟨τί δρῶντες⟩: οὐκ ἐῶσιν  —ZZaZbZlZmGu

TRANSLATION:  (With the elliptical question supply the predicate) ‘do not allow’.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐῶσι Zl   |


Or. 439.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δρῶντες⟩: καὶ ποιοῦντες  —CrF2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ] τὶ F2


Or. 439.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δρῶντες⟩: πράττοντες  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 439.10 (recMoschThom gloss) ⟨ὅτι καὶ σαφὲς ἔχεις εἰπεῖν ἐμοὶ⟩: εἰπὲ  —VAaAbCrFMnPrROxXXbXoGGrZcZZaZlZmT*

TRANSLATION:  (Supply to govern this clause the imperative) ‘tell’.

POSITION: s.l.; above δρῶντες Mn, others over ὅτι καὶ or over middle of phrase


Or. 439.11 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ὅτι καὶ σαφὲς ἔχεις εἰπεῖν ἐμοὶ⟩: εἰπὲ σαφῶς ὃ ἔχεις εἰπεῖν.  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 439.12 (rec gloss) ⟨ὅτι⟩: ὅπερ  —CrF2PrOxZbZl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx   |    ὅπως Pr, ἥπερ CrOx


Or. 439.13 (recThom gloss) ⟨σαφὲς⟩: ἀληθὲς  —SaZZaZbZlZmZuTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 439.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σαφὲς⟩: φανερόν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 439.15 (rec gloss) ⟨σαφὲς⟩: σαφῶς  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 439.16 (rec gloss) ⟨ἔχεις⟩: καὶ δύνασαι  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.01 (recThom gloss) ⟨ψῆφος⟩: ἀπόφασις  —CrGKXo2ZZaZbZlZmTY2GuOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ψῆφος⟩: κρίσις  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.03 (rec gloss) ⟨οἴσεται⟩: ἐπενεχθῇ  —Sa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.04 (recThom gloss) ⟨οἴσεται⟩: ἐξενεχθήσεται  —FGKPrRfZZaZbZlZmTGuY2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐξενεθήσεται Y2   |


Or. 440.05 (mosch gloss) ⟨οἴσεται⟩: ἐξοίσεται  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGr

POSITION: s.l. except X


Or. 440.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἴσεται⟩: ψηφισθήσεται  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἴσεται⟩: κομισθήσεται  —Aa2Xo

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἴσεται⟩: φέρεται  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἴσεται⟩: καὶ δοθήσεται  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.10 (pllgn exeg) ⟨⟩: τὸ οἴσεται ἐνεργητικὴν ἔχον σημασίαν καὶ ἀντὶ τοῦ κομίσει λαμβανόμενον ἐνταῦθα παθητικὴν ἔχει καὶ ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐξενεχθήσεται λαμβάνεται.  —Lp

TRANSLATION:  The (so-called future middle) form ‘oisetai’, having an active sense and being (normally) taken as ‘he/she/it will convey’, here has a passive sense and is taken as ‘he/she/it will be brought forth’.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,1–3


Or. 440.11 (mosch paraphr) ⟨τῇδ’ ἡμέρᾷ⟩: κατὰ τήνδε τὴν ἡμέραν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGr

POSITION: s.l. except X, cont. from 440.05 X

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν prep. T


Or. 440.12 (rec gloss) ⟨τῇδ’⟩: ἐν τῇ  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 440.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τῇδ’⟩: ταύτῃ τῇ  —F2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. Ox


Or. 441.01 (rec exeg) ἐπαινεῖται ὁ στίχος.  —Pr

TRANSLATION:   The line is praised.

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   One would like to know why the line was praised (by a schoolmaster or teacher of rhetoric?). Perhaps because of the neat balance of the two halves. Contrast the rejection of 440–441 by Weil, Diggle, Willink, and Kovacs, with Willink’s aspersions on this line in particular.


Or. 441.02 (mosch gloss) ⟨φεύγειν πόλιν⟩: ἐξορισθῆναι  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. TYf


Or. 441.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φεύγειν⟩: ἀποδιδράσκειν  —Zb2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 441.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φεύγειν⟩: ἐξορίζειν  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 441.05 (rec exeg) ⟨πόλιν⟩: ἀπὸ τῆς πόλεως, ὡς τὸ [Anacreontea fr. 4 West] ‘τί με φεύγεις τὸν γέροντα;’  —Mn

TRANSLATION:   (‘City’, the accusative object of ‘flee’, is equivalent to) ‘away from the city’, as in the line ‘Why do you flee from me, the old man?’

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   Bergk (Poetae Lyrici Graeci 4th ed. fr. 61 = 3rd ed. fr. 64) identified this as a poetic fragment from Sch. Gu Hec. 1064 in Dindorf. This scholion was assumed to be Thoman by West, but, like a number of other notes of Gu, is revealed not to be Thoman by its absence from the standard Thoman witnesses and from T. The phrase is also found in longer quotations in Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopulus, Hist. ecclesiastica 2.42,77 (PG 145:872B), and (without τὸν) in ps.-Sophronius, Vita Mariae Aegyptiacae, chap. 1 (PG 87:3.3705,34).

KEYWORDS:  citation of literature other than Homer (with direct quotation)   |   Anacreontea


Or. 441.06 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨πόλιν⟩: ἤγουν ἀπὸ ταύτης τῆς πόλεως  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 441.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τήνδ’⟩: ταύτην  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 441.08 (thom exeg) ⟨μὴ θανεῖν⟩: ἀλλ’ ἑτέρως κολασθῆναι  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (‘Not to die’,) but rather be punished in another way.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 441.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨second θανεῖν⟩: καὶ ἀποθανεῖν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 442.01 (thom exeg) ⟨ὑπ’ ἀστῶν⟩: γρ(άφεται) ὑπ’ αὐτῶν.  —ZZaZbZm

TRANSLATION:  (For ‘hup’ astōn’, ‘at the hands of the citizens’) the reading ‘hup’ autōn’ (‘at their hands’) is found.

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 442.02 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀστῶν⟩: πολιτῶν  —V1AaAbCrF2MnRRf2SOxXo2Zl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ὑπὸ τῶν prep. Rf, καὶ τῶν prep. CrOx, τῶν prep. F2, καὶ prep. Zl


Or. 442.03 (rec gloss) ⟨λευσίμῳ⟩: λιθασίμῳ  —V1GPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 442.04 (rec gloss) ⟨λευσίμῳ⟩: λιθαστικῷ  —AbCrKMnRSOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 442.05 (mosch gloss) ⟨λευσίμῳ⟩: λιθοβολησίμῳ  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT. 2:   λιθοφολ‑ a.c. Zc, ‑ισίμω Zc   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,7


Or. 442.06 (thom gloss) ⟨λευσίμῳ⟩: λιθοβολικῷ  —ZZa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 442.07 (thom gloss) ⟨λευσίμῳ⟩: λιθολευστικῷ  —ZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  λιθοβολευστικῷ Zm

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,7


Or. 442.08 (rec exeg) ⟨πετρώματι⟩: †γρ. βλησήματι†  —V

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  app. βλησίματι p.c. (or second eta blotted out, intending βλήσματι (but accent has not been changed)

COMMENT:   It seems likely that this derives from a misunderstanding of a damaged or corrupt gloss. If the gloss was on πετρώματι, both βλῆσις and βλῆμα exist, and this could be a conflation of them. Alternatively, there may have been a gloss such as λιθοβολήματι, πετροβολήματι, λιθοβολησίμῳ or even *λιθοβλησίμῳ (unattested, but there is one example of an adj. μεταβλήσιμα in Sch. vet. Hes. Theog. 81), damaged and then mistaken for a γράφεται variant (adjusting the form to the shape of πετρώματι could have produced βλησήματι).

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 442.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πετρώματι⟩: πετροβολισμῷ  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 442.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πετρώματι⟩: λιθοβολήματι  —F2G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 442.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πετρώματι⟩: λιθάσματι  —Zm

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.01 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κᾆτ’⟩: καὶ διὰ τί  —CrOx

LEMMA: κᾶτ’ in text CrOx      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.02 (rec gloss) ⟨κᾆτ’⟩: ἔπειτα  —Ab

LEMMA: κᾶτ’ in text Ab      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.03 (rec gloss) ⟨κᾆτ’⟩: καὶ εἶτα  —MnR

LEMMA: κᾶτ’ in text MnR      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.04 (rec gloss) ⟨κᾆτ’⟩: εἶτα  —OAaF2SGuZb2

LEMMA: κᾶτ’ in text all except κατ’ Ζβ      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.05 (thom exeg) ⟨φεύγεις⟩: ἵνα μὴ τοῦτο πείσῃ  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (‘Flee’, that is,) in order that you not suffer this (stoning by the citizens).

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.06 (mosch exeg) ⟨γῆς⟩: τῆς γῆς τῆς σῆς δηλονότι ἤγουν τῆς πατρίδος σου  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGr

TRANSLATION:  (‘Of the land’, namely,) your land, obviously, that is, your fatherland.

POSITION: s.l. except XXoYf

APP. CRIT.:  σου om. XaY

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,9–10

COLLATION NOTES:   Ta no cross.   |


Or. 443.07 (pllgn exeg) ⟨γῆς⟩: τῆς σῆς πατρίδος  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.08 (rec gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: ἐκβαίνων  —R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.09 (recMoschThom gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: ὑπερβὰς  —PrXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcZZaZbZlZm

POSITION: s.l. except X

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,10

COMMENT:   T has the cross before and not above this gloss (as would be expected), perhaps because it applies to 443.18 as well, which follows this without gap.   |


Or. 443.10 (rec gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: φυγὼν  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.; initially above φεύγεις, partly erased and rewritten here


Or. 443.11 (rec gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: ἐκφεύγων  —Sar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: ἐκφυγὼν  —V3FXoGuY2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: ὑπερφυγών  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: διαφυγὼν  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: (ὑπερ)τρέχων  —V2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: καὶ ἐκδραμὼν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.17 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: ἐκτρέχων  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.18 (mosch gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: παρελθών  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGr

POSITION: s.l. except X

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,11


Or. 443.19 (rec gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: διαβὰς ὑπερ[ … ]  —K

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:  No accent is visible before the damage, so this is not the preposition, but the beginning of a participle such as ὑπερβάς (443.09) or ὑπερτρέχων (443.15).


Or. 443.20 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλὼν⟩: ἀφεὶς  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.21 (rec gloss) ⟨ὑπερβαλλὼν⟩: (ὑπερ)θέων  —Mn

LEMMA: thus in text Mn      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.22 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὅρους⟩: τοὺς ὁρισμούς  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 443.23 (rec artGloss) ⟨ὅρους⟩: τοὺς  —F2MnOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τοῦ Ox


Or. 444.01 (mosch exeg) οὐ δύναμαι, περικυκλούμεθα γὰρ ἀνδράσιν ὡπλισμένοις ἤγουν ὑπὸ ἀνδρῶν ὡπλισμένων.  —X

TRANSLATION:  (Supply) ‘I cannot (flee)’ (and take the remainder as) ‘because I am encircled by armed men (dative phrase without preposition), that is, by armed men (prepositional phrase with ‘hupo’).

REF. SYMBOL: X


Or. 444.02 (rec exeg) ⟨κύκλῳ γὰρ⟩: λείπει οὐ δύναμαι  —AbR

TRANSLATION:  ‘I cannot (flee)’ is to be understood.

POSITION: marg. beside 443

APP. CRIT.:  δύναμαι] δυνασ() app. R

COMMENT:   The suspended character above alpha in R is uncertainly read as a sigma. If it is sigma, R means δύνασαι, the person of the gloss having perhaps been adapted to seem to fit 443.

KEYWORDS:  λείπει


Or. 444.03 (rec exeg) ⟨κύκλῳ γὰρ⟩: οὐ δύναμαι φεύγειν  —GK

TRANSLATION:  (Supply) ‘I cannot flee’.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.04 (mosch exeg) ⟨κύκλῳ γὰρ⟩: οὐ δύναμαι  —XaXbXoTYYfGr

TRANSLATION:  (Supply) ‘I cannot (flee)’.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.05 (thom exeg) ⟨κύκλῳ γὰρ⟩: οὐ δυνατόν  —ZZbZlZmGu

TRANSLATION:  (Supply) ‘it is impossible’ (to flee).

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.06 (pllgn exeg) ⟨κύκλῳ γὰρ⟩: οὔ  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  changed to οὐχί Aa2


Or. 444.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κύκλῳ⟩: γύρωθεν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.08 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨εἱλισσόμεθα παγχάλκοις ὅπλοις⟩: συγκλειόμεθα γὰρ ὑπ’ ἀνδρῶν ὁπλισμένων.  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.09 (recMosch gloss) ⟨εἱλισσόμεθα⟩: περικυκλούμεθα γὰρ  —CrPrOxXaXbXoT+YYfGrZc

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx   |    γὰρ om. CrPrOxYfZc


Or. 444.10 (thom exeg) εἱλίσσομεθα: τουτέστι φυλασσόμεθα ὑπ’ ἀνδρῶν ὡπλισμένων ἵνα εἰ βουληθείημεν φυγεῖν μὴ σχῶμεν ἄδειαν.  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   That is, we are being guarded by armed men so that, if we should wish to escape, we may not find a safe way to do so.

LEMMA: T      POSITION: s.l. except T

APP. CRIT.:  οὐκ ἔστι δυν. prep. Za

APP. CRIT. 2:   τουτέστιν Zb   |   ὑπὸ ZbZlTGu   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,14–15


Or. 444.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἱλίσσομεθα⟩: κυκλούμεθα  —Zm

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἱλίσσομεθα⟩: φρουρούμεθα  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἱλίσσομεθα⟩: πεφυλάγμεθα  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἱλίσσομεθα⟩: φυλασσόμεθα  —Y2Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἱλίσσομεθα⟩: περιτειχίσμεθα  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   Byzantine perfect without reduplication.


Or. 444.16 (pllgn gram) ⟨εἱλίσσομεθα⟩: εἱλίσσω οὐχὶ ἑλίσσω  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.17 (mosch exeg) ⟨παγχάλκοις ὅπλοις⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀνδράσιν ὡπλισμένοις ἤγουν ὑπὸ ἀνδρῶν ὡπλισμένων  —XaXbXoT+YYfGr

TRANSLATION:  (‘By means of all-bronze weapons’ is) equivalent to ‘by armed men’ (dative phrase without preposition), that is, ‘by armed men’ (prepositional phrase with ‘hupo’).

POSITION: s.l. except XoYf

COLLATION NOTES:   Ta omits cross.   |


Or. 444.18 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨παγχάλκοις ὅπλοις⟩: καὶ παγχρύσοις ἅρμασι δηλονότι  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 444.19 (pllgn gloss) ⟨παγχάλκοις⟩: σιδηροῖς  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.01 (rec exeg) 1τουτέστι κοινῇ φρουρήσει φυλάττῃ ἢ ἰδίᾳ;  2τουτέστι παρὰ τινῶν ἐχθρῶν φυλάττῃ ἢ παρὰ τῆς πόλεως ὅλης;   —MnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   That is, are you guarded by a common watching or an individual one? That is, are you guarded by some enemies or by the entire city?

POSITION: follows sch. 456.01+458.01 in Rb

APP. CRIT.:   1 τουτέστι om. Rb   |    2 second παρὰ] perhaps περὶ Rb   |    ὅλως Rb   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 κοινὴ Mn   |    φρουρήση S   |    φυλάττει Mn   |    ἡ ἰδία S   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,16–18


Or. 445.02 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἰδίᾳ πρὸς ἐχθρῶν⟩: μονομερῶς παρὰ τῶν  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.03 (rec gloss) ⟨ἰδίᾳ⟩: χωρὶς  —MnRSSar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.04 (rec gloss) ⟨ἰδίᾳ⟩: ἰδικῶς  —KGuZu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἰδίᾳ⟩: ἱδίως  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἰδίᾳ⟩: κατ’ ἰδίαν  —Aa2B3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   καταιδία Aa2   |


Or. 445.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἰδίᾳ⟩: καὶ μεμονωμένως  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.08 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἰδίᾳ⟩: πῶς  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.09 (thom exeg) ⟨πρὸς ἐχθρῶν⟩: φυλάσσεσθε  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.10 (pllgn exeg) ⟨πρὸς ἐχθρῶν⟩: παραφυλάσσεσθε  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   -εσθαι Zu   |


Or. 445.11 (recMosch gloss) ⟨first πρὸς⟩: παρὰ  —AbMnRSSarXXaXbXoYYfGGr

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  περὶ X   |    τῶν add. MnS


Or. 445.12 (rec exeg) ⟨ἐχθρῶν⟩: ἤτοι τὸ στράτευμα τοῦ Αἰγίσθου  —V1PrY2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤτοι] τουτέστι Y2

APP. CRIT. 2:   αἰγίστου Y2   |


Or. 445.13 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἐχθρῶν⟩: τῶν τοῦ Αἰγίσθου ἢ τοῦ Οἴακος  —F

POSITION: marg.


Or. 445.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐχθρῶν⟩: ἀπὸ τῶν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.15 (mosch gloss) ⟨second πρὸς⟩: παρὰ  —XXbTYfGZc

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.16 (rec gloss) ⟨Ἀργείας χερός⟩: Ἀργείων χερῶν  —Sar

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.17 (rec gloss) ⟨Ἀργείας χερός⟩: τῶν Ἀργείων  —F2Rf

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῶν om. Rf


Or. 445.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Ἀργείας χερός⟩: καὶ παρὰ πάσης  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.19 (mosch gloss) ⟨χερός⟩: δυνάμεως  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἤγουν prep. T


Or. 445.20 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨χερός⟩: τῆς  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 445.21 (rec exeg) ⟨χερός⟩: γράφεται χθονός.  —VCAbPrSar

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,20

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 445.22 (pllgn exeg) ⟨χθονός⟩: γρ. χερὸς.  —S

LEMMA: thus in text S      POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 446.01 (thom exeg) ⟨πρὸς ἀστῶν⟩: εἱλίσσομαι  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (Supply with ‘by (all) the citizens’) ‘I am encircled’.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  εἱλισσόμεθα ZaZlGu


Or. 446.02 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨πρὸς ἀστῶν⟩: καὶ παρὰ τῶν πολιτῶν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 446.03 (rec gloss) ⟨πρὸς⟩: παρὰ  —RXo2Yf (or Yf2)

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 446.04 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀστῶν⟩: πολιτῶν  —AbF2MnRSarXo2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῶν prep. F2Xo2


Or. 446.05 (mosch gloss) ⟨ὡς⟩: ἵνα  —XXaXbTYYfGrZb2ZcAa2F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 446.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὡς⟩: ὅπως  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 446.07 (vet exeg) ⟨βραχὺς λόγος⟩: 1τοῦτο καθ’ ἑαυτό.  2βραχέως, φησὶ, καὶ συντόμως εἴρηκα ὅπερ ἔδει.   —MBCaCbVPr

TRANSLATION:   This phrase stands by itself. Briefly, he says, and concisely I have said what was necessary.

LEMMA: πάντων πρὸς ἀστῶν MC      POSITION: marg. M, intermarg. BCb, s.l. VPr

APP. CRIT.:  1 ambig. καθεαυτ(ὸ) or καθεαυτ(οῦ) V, καθ’ ἑαυτῶ Pr   |    2 βραχέως] εἴρηκα VPr   |    εἴρηκα ὅπερ ἔδει om. M   |    ὥσπερ V

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 καθεαυτό B, καθεαυτὸν M, καθ’ ἑαυτὸν Cb, καθαυτὸν Ca   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,21–22; Dind. II.141,21–22


Or. 446.08 (rec paraphr) ⟨βραχὺς λόγος⟩: ὡς ἐν συντόμῳ εἴπω  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 446.09 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨βραχὺς λόγος⟩: τὸ βραχύτατον, τὸ μικρόν  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 446.10 (pllgn exeg) ⟨βραχὺς λόγος⟩: ἤτοι με φυλάσσουσι.  —B3d

POSITION: marg.


Or. 446.11 (rec gloss) ⟨βραχὺς⟩: σύντομος  —OF2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 446.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨βραχὺς⟩: ὀλίγος  —CrOxXo2ZcZl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 446.13 (mosch gram) ⟨βραχὺς⟩: τῷ βραχεῖ ἐναντίον τὸ μακρόν.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGr

REF. SYMBOL: Xo      POSITION: s.l. XaXbYGr

APP. CRIT.:  τῶ βραχύ Yf


Or. 446.14 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨λόγος⟩:  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 447.01 (rec exeg) ⟨ὦ μέλεος⟩: τάχα θλίβεται, πλὴν κακοήθως ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν ἦλθες εἰς τὴν τελευταίαν ψῆφον τοῦ θανάτου.  —Pr

TRANSLATION:   Perhaps he (Menelaus) is distressed, but (it is spoken, or he speaks) maliciously starting with ‘now you have come to the final vote of death’.

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The commentator recognizes that the lemma does not agree well with the view advocated repeatedly in the old scholia that Menelaus speaks to Orestes maliciously from the beginning of the scene, but he tries to save the viewpoint.

KEYWORDS:  κακόηθες/κακοήθως


Or. 447.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὦ μέλεος⟩: καὶ ὦ ἄθλιε  —CrOxB3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ ὦ om. B3a


Or. 447.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὢ⟩: φεῦ  —F2Zl

LEMMA: ὢ in text Zl, ὤ F      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 447.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μέλεος⟩: ἄθλιος εἶ  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 447.05 (recMosch gloss) ⟨ἥκεις⟩: ἦλθες  —CrF2MnOxXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOxZu


Or. 447.06 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ἥκεις⟩: Ἀττικὸν  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικόν/Ἀττικῶς


Or. 447.07 (rec gloss) ⟨συμφορᾶς⟩: τῶν δεινῶν  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 447.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨συμφορᾶς⟩: δυστυχίας  —Zb2Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 447.09 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨συμφορᾶς⟩: τῆς  —Ox

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 447.10 (mosch paraphr) ⟨πρὸς τοὔσχατον⟩: πρὸς τὴν ἀκμὴν τῆς συμφορᾶς  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

LEMMA: πρὸς in text all except GTZc      POSITION: s.l. except XXo


Or. 447.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἰς τοὔσχατον⟩: ἤγουν εἰς τὸ τελευταῖον  —F2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν εἰς om. F2


Or. 447.12 (rec gloss) ⟨εἰς τοὔσχατον⟩: εἰς τὸ ἔσχατον  —AbMnS

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 447.13 (rec gloss) ⟨τοὔσχατον⟩: μέγα  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 447.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τοὔσχατον⟩: καὶ ὕστερον  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 448.01 (pllgn paraphr) ἡ ἐμὴ ἐλπὶς εἰς σὲ ἔχει τὰς καταφυγάς.  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καταφυγάς Mastr., κατὰ Y2


Or. 448.02 (rec gloss) ⟨εἰς σ’⟩: εἰς σὲ  —CrF2ROx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 448.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐλπὶς⟩: πᾶσα  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 448.04 (rec gloss) ⟨ἡμὴ⟩: ἡ ἐμὴ  —F2R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 448.05 (rec paraphr) ⟨καταφυγὰς⟩: ἤγουν τὴν ἐλευθερίαν τῶν κακῶν  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 448.06 (rec gloss) ⟨καταφυγὰς⟩: ἐλευθερίαν  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,32


Or. 448.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨καταφυγὰς⟩: τὸ θάρρος  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 448.08 (mosch exeg) ⟨καταφυγὰς⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ καταφυγήν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

TRANSLATION:  (The plural form ‘kataphugas’ is) used for the (singular) ‘kataphugēn’ (‘refuge’).

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἔχει add. G

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,33


Or. 448.09 (rec artGloss) ⟨καταφυγὰς⟩: τὰς  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 448.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔχει⟩: καὶ ἀνάκειται  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 448.11 (mosch exeg) ⟨κακῶν⟩: ἕνεκα τῶν δυστυχιῶν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

TRANSLATION:  (Interpret the genitive ‘of evils’ as) ‘for the sake of my misfortunes’ (or ‘as far as concerns my misfortunes’).

REF. SYMBOL: Xo      POSITION: s.l. except XXo


Or. 448.12 (rec gloss) ⟨κακῶν⟩: ἕνεκα  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 448.13 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨κακῶν⟩: τῶν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 449.01 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀθλίως πράσσουσιν⟩: τοῖς δυστυχοῦσιν  —CrOxXo2Zl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx   |    τοῖς om. Xo2

COLLATION NOTES:   Perhaps F2 had this, but the faint traces in damage are insufficient to confirm reading.   |


Or. 449.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀθλίως πράσσουσιν⟩: [ἀθλ]ίως ἀτυχοῦσιν  —B3a

POSITION: marg.


Or. 449.03 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀθλίως⟩: ἐλεεινῶς  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 449.04 (recThom gloss) ⟨ἀθλίως⟩: δυστυχῶς  —SarZZaZb2Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 449.05 (mosch gloss) ⟨πράσσουσιν⟩: διακειμένοις ἡμῖν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἡμῖν om. Xb

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.141,34


Or. 449.06 (recThom gloss) ⟨πράσσουσιν⟩: ἡμῖν  —KPrRZZaB4

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 449.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εὐτυχὴς⟩: ὑγιὴς  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 449.08 (rec gloss) ⟨εὐτυχὴς⟩: σὺ  —AaGMn

POSITION: s.l., above μολῶν Mn


Or. 449.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εὐτυχὴς⟩: εὐτυχῶς  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 449.10 (rec gloss) ⟨μολών⟩: παραγενόμενος  —CrGROx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 449.11 (recMosch gloss) ⟨μολών⟩: ἐλθών  —PrXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrF2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   ἐλθών] καὶ ἀλλὰ Pr   |


Or. 449.12 (thom gloss) ⟨μολών⟩: ἐκ Τροίας  —ZZa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 449.13 (rec gram) ⟨μολών⟩: τὸ θέμα μόλω τὸ παραγίνομαι, ὁ μέλλων μολῶ.  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 450.01 (mosch gloss) ⟨μετάδος⟩: μετασχεῖν δός  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.142,3


Or. 450.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φίλοισι⟩: ἐν τοῖς  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 450.03 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨φίλοισι⟩: τοῖς  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 450.04 (rec artGloss) ⟨σοῖσι⟩: τοῖς  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 450.05 (rec artGloss) ⟨σῆς⟩: τῆς  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 450.06 (thom gloss) ⟨εὐπραξίας⟩: εὐτυχίας  —CrGF2OxXoZZaZl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 450.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εὐπραξίας⟩: γενικῆς  —B3a

POSITION: marg.

APP. CRIT.:  thus an earlier faint hand, rewritten as γενικῆ by B3a


Or. 451.01 (vet exeg) καὶ μὴ μόνος τὸ χρηστὸν ἀπολαβὼν ἔχε: 1Ἀττικὸν, ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀπόλαβε τὰ κατὰ σαυτὸν φυλάσσων.  2ὅμοιόν ἐστι τῷ [Soph. fr. 893 Radt] ‘εὐφημίαν μὲν πρῶτα κήρυξας ἔχω’, ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐκήρυξα.   —MBVC, partial Pr

TRANSLATION:   (The periphrasis with ‘echō’ and aorist participle is) an Attic construction, giving the sense ‘preserving your own state of affairs, keep it separate’. It is similar to the line ‘having first proclaimed ritual silence I keep it so’, equivalent to ‘I proclaimed’.

LEMMA: MC, καὶ μὴ μόνος τῶν χρηστῶν V      REF. SYMBOL: V      POSITION: intermarg. B, s.l. Pr

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἀττικὸν ἀντὶ τοῦ] B, om. MC, μὴ μόνος VPr   |    ἀπολάμβανε B, ἀπόλαυε VPr   |    after σαυτὸν add. μόνον B   |    2 ὅμοιον κτλ om. Pr   |    ὅμοιον δέ V   |    τῷ] τὸ MVC   |    ἔχω om. V   |    ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐκήρυξα] ἀνακεκηρυχέναι V   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.149,23–25; Dind. II.142,5–7

COMMENT:   Compare sch. B Med. 33 ἀτιμάσας ἔχει: Ἀττικῶς, ἀντὶ τοῦ ἠτίμασε. τὸ γὰρ ἔχει ἐκ περισσοῦ. Σοφοκλῆς [Soph. fr. 892 Radt] ‘παῖδας γὰρ οὓς ἔφυσ’ ἀναλώσας ἔχει’ καὶ πάλιν [Soph. fr. 893 Radt] ‘εὐφημίαν μὲν πρῶτα κηρύξας ἔχω’.

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικόν/Ἀττικῶς   |   citation of literature other than Homer (with direct quotation)   |   Sophocles


Or. 451.02 (pllgn paraphr) ἤγουν μὴ τρύφα τὴν σὴν εὐτυχίαν μόνος.  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 451.03 (pllgn exeg) ⟨μὴ μόνος⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ μὴ μόνον  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 451.04 (mosch gloss) ⟨τὸ χρηστόν⟩: τὴν εὐπραξίαν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZc

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  εὐπραγίαν XaXoYGr

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.142,7–8


Or. 451.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τὸ χρηστόν⟩: τὴν εὐδαιμονίαν  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.142,9


Or. 451.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τὸ χρηστόν⟩: τὴν εὐτυχίαν  —FB3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τὴν om. F


Or. 451.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τὸ χρηστόν⟩: τῆς εὐτυχίας  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 451.08 (rec exeg) ἀπολαβὼν ἔχε: ἀντὶ τοῦ ἀπολάμβανε  —VPrY2

LEMMA: V (as incorporated first words)      POSITION: s.l. PrY2; cont. from 451.01 V


Or. 451.09 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀπολαβὼν⟩: καὶ ἀπολύσας  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 451.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπολαβὼν⟩: ἰδιωσάμενος  —Xo

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 451.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπολαβὼν⟩: ἐγκρύψας(?)  —B3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ambig. written


Or. 452.01 (vetMoschThom gloss) ⟨ἀντιλάζου⟩: ἀντιλαμβάνου  —MOVAaAbFKMnRSSarOxXXaXbXoYYfGGrZcZZaZbZlZmZuT*

LEMMA: ἀντιάζου in text Z, a.c. Za      REF. SYMBOL: M      POSITION: s.l. except X, marg. M

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. CrOxZu   |    -βανε CrOx

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,1; Dind. II.142,10


Or. 452.02 (rec gloss) ⟨ἀντιλάζου⟩: ἐπιλαμβάνου  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀντιλάζου⟩: μεταλαμβάνου  —B4

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.04 (mosch gram) ἀντιλάζου: τὸ ἀντιλαμβάνεσθαι λέγεται ὅταν τι διώκῃ καὶ ἅπτηταί τινος δεόμενον ἢ καὶ καθ’ ἕτερόν τινα τρόπον, τὸ δὲ ἀναδέχηται καὶ οὐκ ἀποστρέφηται.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGr

TRANSLATION:   The word ‘antilambanesthai’ (‘to latch onto’) is used whenever something seeks and grasps something, being in need of it or else in some other manner, and that thing accepts (the grasping) and does not turn away.

LEMMA: ἀλλ’ ἀντιλάζου G

APP. CRIT.:  διώκηται T   |    δεόμενος XaY   |    second καὶ om. G   |    δὲ om. Xo   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   ὅτάν τι all (ὅτ’ ἄν τι G)   |   ἅπτηται τινὸς all except G   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.142,10–12


Or. 452.05 (rec exeg) ⟨πόνων⟩: τῶν συγγενικῶν ἤγουν τῶν ἐμῶν  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.06 (rec gloss) ⟨πόνων⟩: θλίψεων  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.07 (thom exeg) ⟨πόνων⟩: κόπων τῶν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:  (‘Toils’, that is,) ‘pains on our behalf’.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῶν prep. Gu

APP. CRIT. 2:   εἱμῶν Zl   |


Or. 452.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πόνων⟩: τῶν δυστυχιῶν  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πόνων⟩: δυστυχούντων  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.10 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐν τῷ μέρει⟩: μερικῶς  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.11 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἐν τῷ μέρει⟩: μερικῶς τῆς συγγενείας σου  —G

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   Perhaps the intended sense is ‘particularly (the toils) of your relatives’; otherwise the genitive is obscure. The correct interpretation of ἐν τῷ μέρει in terms of reciprocation (‘in your turn’) is recognized in the next glosses.


Or. 452.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐν τῷ μέρει⟩: ἀνὰ μέρος  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐν τῷ μέρει⟩: ἤγουν ἐκ μ[έρους]  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 452.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τῷ μέρει⟩: σοῦ  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.01 (mosch exeg) χάριτας: ἤγουν ἃς ὁ πατὴρ ἐποίησεν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGr

TRANSLATION:  (‘Favors’), that is, the ones that his father (Agamemnon) did.

LEMMA: X      POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν om. G

APP. CRIT. 2:   -σε XoG   |


Or. 453.02 (tri metr) ⟨πατρώας⟩: long mark over second alpha  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 453.03 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐκτίνων⟩: ἀνταποδιδούς  —AbMnRSZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ ἀνταποδίδων Zu


Or. 453.04 (recMoschThom gloss) ἐκτίνων: ἀποδιδοὺς  —CrKF2OxXXaXbXoYYfGGrZcZZaZbZlZmT*Gu

LEMMA: X      POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. CrOx   |    ἀποδούς Yf


Or. 453.05 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐκτίνων⟩: διδοὺς  —Aa2Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.06 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐκτίνων⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ δοῦναι  —Mn

POSITION: marg.

COMMENT:   This could also be a corruption of ἀποδοῦναι, which could have been a gloss on δεῖ at the end of the line.


Or. 453.07 (mosch gloss) ⟨εἰς οὓς⟩: εἰς ἐκείνους  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGr

POSITION: s.l. except X (cont. from453.04)

APP. CRIT.:  εἰς om. T


Or. 453.08 (thom gloss) ⟨εἰς οὓς⟩: εἰς ἡμᾶς  —ZZaZbZlZmZuTGuCrOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. ZmCrOx   |    δηλονότι add. Zu


Or. 453.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἰς οὓς⟩: ἡμῖ[ν]  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.10 (rec paraphr) ⟨οὓς⟩: ἐκείνους τοὺς ἀνθρώπους  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.11 (pllgn exeg) ⟨οὓς⟩: ἐκγόνους  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὓς⟩: τοὺς ἀνεψίους σου ἡμᾶς  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.13 (mosch gloss) ⟨δεῖ⟩: ἐκτίνειν  —XaXbXoT+YGGrZbZcZl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.14 (thom gloss) ⟨δεῖ⟩: ἀποδιδόναι  —ZcZa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.15 (rec gloss) ⟨δεῖ⟩: πρέπει  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δεῖ⟩: χρὴ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 453.17 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δεῖ⟩: ἁρμόζει  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 454.01 (454–455) (pllgn exeg) κ̅ δ̅ χρόν(ον) τῷ Ἀπόλλωνι Ἡλίῳ  —V2

TRANSLATION:   For the twenty-fourth year for Apollo Helios.

POSITION: marg.

COMMENT:   It is unclear what this means or whether its insertion is inspired by anything in the text in the vicinity of these lines. There is no reason to believe that someone calculated the age of Orestes as 24 years old. For the possible connection of that number with Helios, Michael Zellmann-Rohrer notes (in personal communication) that in one astrological system known from Ptolem. Apotelesmatica (Tetrabiblos) 4.10.4–12 the 24th year falls within the division of human life that is under the power of Helios.


Or. 454.02 (454–455) (vet paraphr) ὄνομα γὰρ: 1οἱ φίλοι, εἰ μὴ ἐπὶ ταῖς συμφοραῖς τῶν φίλων εἰσὶ φίλοι, οὐδέ εἰσι φίλοι,  2ἀλλὰ λόγῳ μέν εἰσιν, ἔργῳ δ’ οὔ.   —MBPr

TRANSLATION:   Friends, if they are not friends amidst the misfortunes of their friends, are not even friends, but they are so in name, not in reality.

LEMMA: Pr      REF. SYMBOL: M (at οἱ μὴ 455)      POSITION: intermarg. MB

APP. CRIT.:   1 εἰ … first εἰσὶ] οἱ … εἰσὶ Pr, οἱ … ὄντες B   |    οὐδέ] ὥστε οὐδέ M, οὐκ B   |    2 εἰσιν] εἰσὶ φίλοι Pr

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 δὲ οὔ Pr   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,3–4; Dind. II.142,14–16


Or. 454.03 (pllgn exeg) οὐ γὰρ τὸ ὄνομα τὴν ἐνέργειαν παριστᾷ, ἀλλ’ ἡ ἐνέργεια τὸ ὄνομα· τοῦτο δὲ καὶ ἐπὶ πατρὸς καὶ ἀδελφοῦ καὶ μητρὸς καὶ παντὸς συγγενοῦς.  —Lb

TRANSLATION:  For the (mere) word does not give proof of the actuality, but the actuality (gives proof of) the word. This applies to (the terms) ‘father’ and ‘brother’ and ‘mother’ and every (term for a) kinsman.

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐνεργείαν … ἐνεργεία Lb   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.142,16–18


Or. 454.04 (mosch gloss) ὄνομα γὰρ: μόνον  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrZc

LEMMA: X      POSITION: s.l. except X


Or. 454.05 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ὄνομα γὰρ⟩: (ὄνομα) γὰρ μόνον ἔχουσι φίλου.  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 454.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὄνομα⟩: ἤγουν διὰ λόγου  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 454.07 (rec gloss) ⟨ὄνομα⟩: τῆς φιλίας  —R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 454.08 (rec gloss) ⟨ὄνομα⟩: φίλου  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 454.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὄνομα⟩: κατὰ  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 454.10 (rec exeg) ἔργον δὲ οὐκ ἔχουσιν οἱ φίλοι: καὶ γὰρ τοιούτους οἱ σοφοὶ λέγουσιν ὁμωνύμως καλεῖσθαι, οὐ μὴν συνωνύμως. φίλοι γὰρ συνωνύμως οἱ καὶ ὄνομα καὶ ἔργον ἔχοντες φίλου.  —Rw

TRANSLATION:   For in fact the wise say that such (friends) are so called by homonymy (equivocally, having the same name but different natures/definitions), not indeed by synonymy (having the same name and the same nature/definition). For those who possess both the name and the action of a friend are friends by synonymy.

LEMMA: Rw      POSITION: follows sch. 457.04 Rw with only high stop and small space

COMMENT:   The contrast of ὁμωνύμως/συνωνύμως is very common in commentators on Aristotle’s Categories from late antiquity through to late Byzantine authors and crops up in Photius, Arethas, and Psellus; but no connection specifically with the word φίλος is found in TLG.


Or. 454.11 (vet exeg) ⟨φίλοι⟩: ἔδει οἱ συγγενεῖς εἰπεῖν.  —B

TRANSLATION:   He should have used the expression ‘the kinsmen’.

POSITION: intermarg.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,2


Or. 454.12 (rec gloss) ⟨φίλοι⟩: καὶ συγγενεῖς  —O

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.142,18


Or. 454.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φίλοι⟩: ἔχουσιν  —Cr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 454.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔργον⟩: ἤγουν ἐν πράξει  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 455.01 (rec exeg) ⟨οἱ μὴ ἐπὶ ταῖς συμφοραῖς⟩: γρ(άφετ)αι οἱ μὴ ’πὶ ταῖς συμφοραῖς.  —Mn

LEMMA: thus in text Mn      POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   μὴπὶ Mn   |

KEYWORDS:  variant reading: γράφεται/γράφε


Or. 455.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἱ μὴ⟩: ἐκεῖνοι οἱ φίλοι  —CrOxZb2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἐκεῖνοι om. Zb2


Or. 455.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ταῖσι συμφοραῖς⟩: ταύταις ταῖς δυστυχίαις  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 455.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨συμφοραῖς⟩: θλίψεσιν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 455.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὄντες⟩: καὶ ὑπάρχοντες  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 455.06 (tri metr) paragraphos  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 456.01 (vet paraphr) καὶ μὴν γέροντι: τὸ ἑξῆς γέροντι ποδὶ βαδίζει ἐνταῦθα.  —MBVAbMnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   The run of the sense is: with an aged foot he walks here.

LEMMA: VRb, καὶ μὴν γέροντι δεῦρο MnSSa      REF. SYMBOL: VRb      POSITION: s.l. MAb, intermarg. B

APP. CRIT.:   ποδὶ κτλ om. V, add. V1 in blank space   |    βαδίζει transp. before γέροντι Ab

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,5; Dind. II.142,20


Or. 456.02 (mosch paraphr) καὶ μὴν γέροντι: σπεύδει δεῦρο ποδὶ γεροντικῷ ἤγουν μετὰ σπουδῆς ἔρχεται ὧδε.  —XXaXbT+YYfGr

LEMMA: καὶ μὴν γέροντικῷ X (but in text γέροντι X)      POSITION: s.l. except XTYf

APP. CRIT. 2:   ᾧδε XXb   |


Or. 456.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨καὶ μὴν⟩: ἀλλὰ  —Aa3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.04 (rec gloss) ⟨μὴν⟩: δὴ  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.05 (rec gloss) ⟨γέροντι⟩: ἐν  —OPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.06 (rec gloss) ⟨γέροντι⟩: ἀσθενεῖ  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨γέροντι⟩: γεροντικῷ  —XaXbXoT+YYfGGrZb2ZcAaZmZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. Zu, ἀντὶ τοῦ prep. Aa


Or. 456.08 (rec exeg) ⟨γέροντι⟩: τὸ ἁπλοῦν ἀντὶ κτητικοῦ.  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.09 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨γέροντι⟩: τῷ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.10 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨δεῦρ’ ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: ὧδε μετὰ σπουδῆς ἔρχεται.  —Zc

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.11 (recTri gloss) ⟨δεῦρ’⟩: ἐνταῦθα  —AbCrOxT

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 456.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨δεῦρ’⟩: ὧδε  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.13 (vet gloss) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: βαδίζει  —MV3GPr

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. V3


Or. 456.14 (rec gloss) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: ἔρχεται  —V2GKMnRSSar

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἢ prep. K, καὶ prep. V2


Or. 456.15 (thom gloss) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: σπουδαίως ἔρχεται  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. Zm


Or. 456.16 (rec gloss) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: σπεύδει  —KXo2B3a

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.17 (rec gloss) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: δι’ ἀγῶνος  —Rf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: ἀγωνίζεται  —Aa2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.19 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: ἤγουν σπουδαίως καὶ μετὰ ἁμίλλης καὶ ἀγῶνος ἔρχεται.  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.20 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: ἀγωνιστικῶς βαδίζει, ἔρχεται  —Y2

POSITION: marg.


Or. 456.21 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: κινεῖται  —F2

POSITION: s.l.

COLLATION NOTES:   Barest traces of ται remain; if the traces are deceptive, the position of κινεῖ could imply that ται is to be supplied from the lemma below.   |


Or. 456.22 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἁμιλλᾶται⟩: καὶ πορεύεται  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 456.23 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨ποδί⟩: τῷ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 457.01 (mosch paraphr) ὁ Σπαρτιάτης: ὁ ἀπὸ τῆς Σπάρτης  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcZlZmZu

LEMMA: X      POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. XZu   |    ἀπὸ] ἐκ Zl


Or. 457.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὁ Σπαρτιάτης⟩: καὶ ὁ Λακεδαιμόνιος  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 457.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὁ Σπαρτιάτης⟩: ὁ βασιλεὺς Τυνδάρεως  —B3a

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 457.04 (vet exeg) Τυνδάρεως μελάμπεπλος: 1Οἰβάλου τοῦ Περιήρους παῖδες οὗτοι·  2Τυνδάρεως, Ἰκάριος, Ἀρήνη, καὶ νόθος ἐκ Νικοστράτης Ἱπποκόων.  3οὗτοι μετὰ θάνατον Οἰβάλου ἐστασίασαν περὶ τῆς ἀρχῆς.  4Ἰκάριος δὲ συνθέμενος μετὰ Ἱπποκόωντος ἐξελαύνει τὸν Τυνδάρεων τῆς Σπάρτης.  5ὁ δὲ οἰκεῖ ἐν τοῖς ἐσχάτοις τῆς Λακεδαιμονίας καὶ γαμεῖ Λήδαν τὴν Θεστίου τοῦ Αἰτωλοῦ,  6ἐξ ἧς ἔσχε Κάστορα καὶ Πολυδεύκην καὶ Τιμάνδραν καὶ Κλυταιμνήστραν καὶ Ἑλένην.  7ὕστερον δὲ Ἡρακλῆς ἐπὶ τῷ φόνῳ τοῦ Οἰωνοῦ φονεύσας Ἱπποκόωντα ἅμα τοῖς παισὶ καὶ καταγαγὼν τὸν Τυνδάρεων ἀπὸ Φρίξης καὶ Πελλάνης ἐγχειρεῖ αὐτῷ τὴν ἀρχὴν τῆς Σπάρτης.  8ἐγάμει γὰρ Ἡρακλῆς Δηϊάνειραν τὴν Λήδας ἀδελφιδῆν.   —MBCPrRw, partial VMnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   These are the children of Oebalus the son of Perieres: Tyndareus, Icarius, Arene, and an illegitimate son Hippocoon born of Nicostrate. After the death of Oebalus these children fell into strife over ruling. Icarius, having made a compact with Hippocoon, drives Tyndareus from Sparta. The latter resides in the farthest outskirts of Lacedaemonia and marries Leda, daughter of Thestius son of Aetolus. And from her he got as children Castor and Polydeuces and Timandra and Clytemnestra and Helen. But later Heracles, having slain Hippocoon and his sons on the occasion of their killing of Oeonus and having brought Tyndareus home from Phrixe and Pellane, entrusts the rule of Sparta to him. For Heracles was married to Deinaneira the niece of Leda.

LEMMA: MC, τυνδάρεως MnSSa, ὁ σπαρτιάτης BPr, (459) τυνδάρεως ὅδε V, τυνδ. ὧδε στείχει Rw, ὧδε Rb (without punct.)      REF. SYMBOL: B, (to 459) V      POSITION: cont. from sch. 456.01 without punct. Sa

APP. CRIT.:   1 Οἰβάλου] (blank space left)βάλου B, βάλου Pr, οἰβάρου S   |    Περιήρους] B, περιήρου VMnPrRbSa, περὶ οἴρου S, π(ερι) ἥρος M, περίηρ(ος) Rw, περιῆρος C   |    οὗτοι] οἵδε V, p.c. Rb, οἳ αἵδε SSa, a.c. Rb, αἵδε Mn   |    2 and 4 Ἰκάριος Pk (in 457.05), whence King here (cf. Apollodorus), ἴκαρος all (ἵκαρος Rw), and witnesses of several other sources (see comment)   |    ἀρήνη Apollodorus, ἄρνη all except ἄρηου or ἄρνου (with omicron above ου) Rb   |    Νικοστράτης] στρατονίκης VMnRbSSa   |    2–4 Ἱπποκόων … μετὰ om. M   |    3 οὗτοι] οὕτως Sa, οὗτοῦ Rb, οὗτος MnS   |    βάλου BPrRw   |    ἐστασίασε Mn, ἐστίασε SSa   |    τῆς om. VCMnRbSSa   |    4 ἐξελαύνει τὸν] τῆ γεγονυῖα ἐπὶ ἐξελαύνει τῶ πένθει:~ τὸν Mn (extra words displaced from sch. 458.15)   |    τὸν om. Rw   |    ἀπὸ τῆς σπ. Sa, ἐκ τῆς σπ. MnS   |    5 ὤκει RbSSa, ὤκεις Mn   |    ἐν ἐσχατιᾶ VMnRb(αἰσχ.)SSa, ἑαυτὸν ἐσχάτης Rw   |    τῆς λακεδαίμονος VRbSa   |    ἐγάμει VMnRbSSa   |    λήδα V, ληδην Rb   |    τὴν θυεστίου C, τοῦ θυέστου Sa, (τὴν om.) θαιστίου Rw, τοῦτ(εστι) app. Mn   |    τοῦ αἰτωλῶν VS, τοῦ αἰτολικῶν Rb, τῶν αἰτωλῶν Sa, τοῦ αἰτῶλος Mn   |    6 second καὶ om. Rb   |    6–8 καὶ τιμάνδραν κτλ. om. V(τιμάνδραν καὶ ἑλένην:~ add. V1)MnSSa   |    6–8 καὶ κλυτ. κτλ om. Rb   |    7 ἐπὶ τὸν φόνον MC   |    τοῦ υἱωνοῦ BPr, τοῦ ὑωνοῦ (or υἱω-?) a.c. M, τῶν υἱῶν Rw   |    ἱπποθόοντα M   |    φρίζης a.c. or p.c. M   |    Πελλάνης Matt. (after Πελλήνης Meursius), πέλλης MBCPr, πέλης Rw   |    ἐγχειρίζει BPr   |    8 ἀδελφιδῆν Barnes, ἀδελφήν all   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 οἱβάλλου Rb   |    2 ἱπποκόου Mn   |    3 οἱβάλου Rb   |    4 ἱπποκόοντος VMn, p.c. Rw, ἱπποκόεντος SSa, ὑπηκόοντος Rb   |    τυνδάρεον Mn   |    6 perhaps ἔσχεν M   |    ποδεύκην Rb   |    7 ἱπποκόοντα Rw   |    8 δϊϊάνειραν Pr   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,6–15; Dind. II.142,24–143,9

COMMENT:   For the genealogy and names, cf. ps.-Apollodorus, Bibl. 3.117, 3.123 [where the names Arene and Icarius are correctly transmitted], Sch. Hom. Il. 2.581–6 [ἴκαρος and ἄρνη codd.], Od. 15.16 [ἰκάριος with no variant in the witnesses checked by F. Pontani], Sch. vet. Lycophr. 547a Leone [ἴκαρος codd.], Sch. Tzetz. Lycophr. 511b [ἴκαρος and ἄρνη codd.]. The corruption to Hippothoon seen in one place in M is matched in the mss of Sch. Hom. Il. 2.581–6, where Bekker corrected the name.   |   For Pellana in Laconia as the residence in exile of Tyndareus, see Paus. 3.1.4 and 3.21.2. Schwartz accepted Meursius’ Πελλήνης (Johann Meurs, Miscellanea Laconica, Amsterdam 1661, 4.8, p. 275), but Pellene normally refers to a city in Achaea near Sicyon. Phrixa is in Triphylia, a region which could be said to be Elean or Arcadian, and the location is nowhere else associated with Tyndareus (or with Heracles or Hippocoon or Oeonus). Thus it is not clear why it is included here.   |   In the outer margin beside this sch. V2 has added λήδα on one line and after a blank line ζεὺς τῆς / κρήτης / βασιλεὺς. This is probably a comment on the adjacent sch., indicating the alternative parentage of Polydeuces and Helen with the rationalizing variant that Zeus was really a human king. This seems more likely than that it is meant to be a note on 464 Λήδα.   |   Deianeira is daughter of Althaea, who is sister of Leda; hence Barnes’ correction ἀδελφιδῆν.

KEYWORDS:  genealogy   |   mythography, genealogical


Or. 457.05 (pllgn exeg) 1Οἰβάλου παῖδες οὗτοι·  2Τυνδάρεως, Ἰκάριος, Ἀρήνη, καὶ νόθος ἐκ Νικοστράτης Ἱπποκόων.  3ἀποθανόντος δὲ τοῦ Οἰβάλου ἐστασίασαν περὶ τῆς ἀρχῆς οἱ παῖδες.  4Ἰκάριος δὲ συνθέμενος εἰς τὸν Ἱπποκόωντα ἐξελαύνει τὸν Τυνδάρεων τῆς Σπάρτης.  5ὁ δὲ οἰκεῖ ἐν Λακεδαίμονι ὅπου ἔφυγε καὶ γαμεῖ Λήδαν τὴν Θεστίου τοῦ Αἰτωλοῦ,  6ἐξ ἧς ἔσχε Κάστορα καὶ Πολυδεύκην καὶ Κλυταιμνήστραν καὶ Ἑλένην.  7ὕστερον δὲ Ἡρακλῆς φονεύσας τὸν Ἱπποκόωντα ἅμα τοῖς παισὶ ἀπαγαγὼν τὸν Τυνδάρεων ἐνεχείρισεν αὐτῷ τὴν ἀρχὴν τῆς Σπάρτης.  8ἐγάμει γὰρ Ἡρακλῆς Δηϊάνειραν τὴν Λήδας ἀδελφιδῆν.   —Pk

APP. CRIT.:  2 ἄρνη καὶ νῆθος Pk   |    8 ἀδελφὴν Pk

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 οἱβάλλου Pk   |    3 οἰβάλλου Pk   |    5 λήδεν Pk   |    αἰτώλου Pk   |    6 κλυτεμνήστραν Pk   |

KEYWORDS:  genealogy   |   mythography, genealogical


Or. 457.06 (rec gloss) ⟨μελάμπεπλος⟩: δυσείμων  —VV2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. V2


Or. 457.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μελάμπεπλος⟩: μελανειμονῶν  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 457.08 (recMosch gloss) μελάμπεπλος: μελανείμων  —AaMnPrXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcZmB4

LEMMA: X      POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. X


Or. 457.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μελάμπεπλος⟩: ὁ μελαμφόρος  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 457.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μελάμπεπλος⟩: μελανοφορῶν  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 457.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μελάμπεπλος⟩: καὶ μελανοχίτων  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 457.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μελάμπεπλος⟩: μαυροφόρος  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 457.13 (rec gloss) ⟨μελάμπεπλος⟩: ὑπάρχων  —AaRSZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ὑπάρχει R, ὑπα[ Aa (damage)


Or. 457.14 (rec gloss) ⟨μελάμπεπλος⟩: ὢν  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.01 (vet exeg) κουρᾷ τε θυγατρός: δείκνυται τῇ κουρᾷ τῇ ἐκθέσμῳ ὅτι ἐπὶ πένθει ἐξύρηται. —MV1MnRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   It is shown by the abnormal haircut that he has been shorn close to express mourning.

LEMMA: Mn(ται)SSa      REF. SYMBOL: Sa      POSITION: s.l. M; cont. from 456.01, prep. κοῦρα (κουρᾶ p.c. V1) τε θυγατρὸς, V1Rb

APP. CRIT.:   δείκνυται Schw., δεικτικὴ κεῖται V1, καὶ δοτικὴ κεῖται MMn, καὶ δοτικῶς κεῖται RbSa, καὶ δοτι κεῖται S   |    τῇ ἐκθέσμῳ Schw., τῆς ἐν θέσμω M, om. others   |    ὅτι] ὅ ἐστι M   |    ἐπὶ τῶ πένθει V1, ἐπὶ πένθους M, ἐπὶ τῶν πενθῶν RbSSa, ἐπὶ πενθῶν Mn   |    ἐξύρηται Schw., ἐξεύρηται all   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,17; Dind. II.143,11


Or. 458.02 (rec paraphr) ⟨κουρᾷ τε θυγατρὸς⟩: τῇ γεγονυίᾳ ἕνεκεν  —Mn

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.143,10


Or. 458.03 (rec paraphr) ⟨κουρᾷ⟩: τῇ τῶν τριχῶν ἐκκοπῇ  —AbMnRS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῇ om. R   |    τῆ ἐκκ. τῶν τρ. transp. Ab


Or. 458.04 (rec gloss) ⟨κουρᾷ⟩: ἐν  —FPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κουρᾷ⟩: κουρεύσει  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.06 (rec etaGloss) ⟨κουρᾷ⟩: κουρῇ  —R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.07 (recMosch gloss) ⟨θυγατρὸς⟩: ἕνεκα  —AbKMnPrRXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcB3a

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἕνεκε R, ‑εν Mn   |    τῆς add. G


Or. 458.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨θυγατρὸς⟩: χάριν  —F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.09 (rec gloss) ⟨πενθίμῳ⟩: τῇ λύπῃ  —V

POSITION: s.l.

COLLATION NOTES:   V had first written as gloss πενθίμ, then rubbed it out and entered the correct gloss.   |


Or. 458.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πενθίμῳ⟩: λυπηρῷ  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πενθίμῳ⟩: πένθει  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πενθίμῳ⟩: θρηνητικῷ  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.13 (vet gloss) ⟨κεκαρμένος⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐξυρημένος  —M

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἐξυρημένος Schw., ἐφ’ οἷς ἥμενος M

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,19


Or. 458.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κεκαρμένος⟩: καὶ κεξυρημένος  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   This form of reduplication, whether for ξυρέω or for any other verb beginning in ξ, is not attested in TLG.

KEYWORDS:  Byzantine vernacular word/form/usage


Or. 458.15 (rec paraphr) ⟨κεκαρμένος⟩: λελυπημένος τῇ ἐκκοπῇ τῶν τριχῶν τῇ γεγονυίᾳ ἐπὶ τῷ πένθει  —MnS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῇ γεγον. κτλ om. Mn (but the words are conflated within 457.04)


Or. 458.16 (rec gloss) ⟨κεκαρμένος⟩: λελυπημένος  —AbRSar

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  λελυμμένος Sa


Or. 458.17 (rec gloss) ⟨κεκαρμένος⟩: κεκομμένος  —SarY2Zb2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κεκαρμένος⟩: τὴν κόμην ἀφῃρημένος  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.19 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κεκαρμένος⟩: κεκουρευμένος  —Aa2GGuZu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.20 (rec gloss) ⟨κεκαρμένος⟩: τὰς τρίχας  —PrZb2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 458.21 (tri metr) paragraphos  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 459.01 (pllgn exeg) ἰδὼν Ὀρέστης τὸν πάππον αὐτοῦ ἐρχόμενον ἐπὶ τῷ θεάσασθαι τὸν Μενέλαον, ἀκούσαντα ὅτι εἰς τὸ Ἄργος ἦλθε, καὶ αἰδεσθεὶς αὐτὸν διότι πολλῶν ἔτυχε παρ’ αὐτοῦ τῶν καλῶν, ἐκεῖνος δὲ ἐφόνευσε τὴν μητέρα αὐτοῦ, λέγει αἰδεσθεὶς ‘ἀπωλόμην, Μενέλαε’.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   Orestes, spotting his grandfather coming to see Menelaus, because he (Tyndareus) heard that he (Menelaus) had arrived at Argos, and feeling shame before him (Tyndareus) because he received many fine things from him, but he killed his mother, says in his shame ‘I am destroyed, Menelaus’.


Or. 459.02 (rec paraphr) ⟨ἀπωλόμην⟩: συμφορᾷ περιέπεσον  —VPr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 459.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπωλόμην⟩: ἐφθάρην  —CrZb2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 459.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπωλόμην⟩: ἀπόλλυμαι  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 459.05 (rec artGloss) ⟨Μενέλαε⟩:  —Aa3AbF2MnPrOxXo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 459.06 (tri metr) ⟨Μενέλαε⟩: long mark over alpha  —T


Or. 459.07 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨Τυνδάρεως⟩:  —F2Xo

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 459.08 (thom gloss) ⟨ὅδε⟩: οὗτος  —ZZaF2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.01 (recMosch gloss) ⟨στείχει⟩: ἔρχεται  —AbCrF2OxXXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcZl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 460.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨στείχει⟩: βαδίζει  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.03 (pllgn wdord) word order (α) οὗ, (β) ἐλθεῖν, (γ) ὄμμα, (δ) μάλιστα, (ε) ἔχει, (ϛ) αἰδώς  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.04 (mosch paraphr) ⟨οὗ μάλιστ’ αἰδώς μ’ ἔχει⟩: ὅντινα μάλιστα αἰδοῦμαι  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrCr2ZcOx

POSITION: s.l. except X

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν preo. T, περὶ prep. Ox   |    οὗτινα Yf   |    μάλιστα om. Zc

APP. CRIT. 2:   ὄντινα Cr2   |


Or. 460.05 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨οὗ μάλιστ’ αἰδώς μ’ ἔχει⟩: ὅντινα μᾶλλον εὐλαβοῦμαι  —Zb2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὗ⟩: ὑπὲρ οὗ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οὗ⟩: περὶ  —Cr

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   The gloss is probably related to the fact that in 460.04 Ox has περὶ preposed to govern ὅντινα.


Or. 460.08 (rec artGloss) ⟨οὗ⟩: τοῦ  —R

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.09 (rec gloss) ⟨οὗ⟩: οὗτινος  —AbMnSZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. AbZu


Or. 460.10 (rec gloss) ⟨μάλιστ’⟩: λίαν  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.11 (rec gloss) ⟨αἰδώς μ’ ἔχει⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ αἰδοῦμαι  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.12 (rec gloss) ⟨αἰδώς⟩: καὶ φόβος  —PrZu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨αἰδώς⟩: αἰσχύνη  —F2G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨αἰδώς⟩: ἐντροπὴ  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔχει⟩: συνέχει  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 460.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔχει⟩: καὶ κρατεῖ  —CrOxZu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 461.01 (rec paraphr) ⟨εἰς ὄμματ’ ἐλθεῖν⟩: τουτέστι νὰ τὸν ἴδω  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  Byzantine vernacular word/form/usage


Or. 461.02 (mosch paraphr) ⟨εἰς ὄμματ’ ἐλθεῖν⟩: εἰς ὄψιν ὥστε ἐλθεῖν  —X


Or. 461.03 (mosch gloss) ⟨εἰς ὄμματ’⟩: εἰς ὄψιν  —XaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcCr2Ox

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. Ox   |    εἰς om. Zc   |    ἐλθεῖν add. Y


Or. 461.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨εἰς ὄμματ’⟩: καὶ εἰς θεωρίαν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 461.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὄμματ’⟩: ὀφθαλμούς  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 461.06 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἐλθεῖν⟩: ὥστε  —XbT+Y2GZcCr2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 461.07 (rec paraphr) ⟨τοῖσιν ἐξειργασμένοις⟩: ἐν τοῖς ἡμαρτημένοις  —MnRS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἐν om. Mn

APP. CRIT. 2:   -ημένος Mn (and in line a.c. ‑ασμένος)   |


Or. 461.08 (rec paraphr) ⟨τοῖσιν ἐξειργασμένοις⟩: διὰ τὰ πεπραγμένα  —Pr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 461.09 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨τοῖσιν ἐξειργασμένοι⟩: διὰ τὰ πραχθέντα  —B3a

POSITION: marg.


Or. 461.10 (rec paraphr) ⟨τοῖσιν ἐξειργασμένοις⟩: ἕνεκα τῶν ἐξειργασμένων  —CrKMnRfOxB3d

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῶν om. Rf


Or. 461.11 (recTri paraphr) ⟨τοῖσιν ἐξειργασμένοις⟩: διὰ τὰ ἐξειργασμένα  —AbT+Zc

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   Note that Triclinius marks the gloss as Moschopulean even though he has adapted 461.12 to his preferred reading in the text.


Or. 461.12 (mosch paraphr) ⟨τοῖσιν ἡμαρτημένοις⟩: διὰ τὰ ἡμαρτημένα  —XaXbXaXbXoYYfGGrCr2

LEMMA: thus in text all except G      POSITION: s.l. except Xa

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. Cr2   |    only διὰ Xb


Or. 461.13 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨τοῖσιν ἡμαρτημένοις⟩: ἕνεκα τῶν ἡμαρτημάτων  —V2

LEMMA: this in text V      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 461.14 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨τοῖσιν ἡμαρτημένοις⟩: χάριν τῶν ἡμαρτημένων  —Y2

LEMMA: this in text Y      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 461.15 (thom gloss) ⟨ἐξειργασμένοις⟩: πεπραγμένοις  —ZZaZbZlZmTGuF2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τοῖς prep. F2   |    ἐμοὶ add. ZmGu


Or. 462.01 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἔθρεψε⟩: ἀνέθρεψε  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrZcF2Cr2ZlOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. Cr2Ox

APP. CRIT. 2:   -ψεν T   |


Or. 462.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔθρεψε⟩: ὁ Τυνδάρεως  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 462.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὄντα⟩: καὶ ὑπάρχοντα  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 462.04 (462–463) (vet exeg) πολλὰ δὲ φιλήματ’ ἐξέπλησε: ἀντὶ τοῦ πολλῶν φιλημάτων με ἐξεπλήρωσεν, ὡς τὸ [Hom. Il. 10.298] ‘διά τ’ ἔντεα καὶ μέλαν αἷμα’. —MBVCMnPrRbSa

TRANSLATION:   Equivalent to ‘he filled me with many kisses’, (with the accusative used instead of expected genitive) just as in the (Homeric) example ‘through the coat of mail and black blood’.

LEMMA: M(‑σεν)BCPr(‑ματα, ‑σεν), πολλὰ δὲ VRbSa      REF. SYMBOL: BVRb      POSITION: follows 462.07 in Sa

APP. CRIT.:   τοῦ om. C   |    πολλῶν] ἀπὸ πολλῶν δὲ VRb, πολλῶν δὲ Mn   |    φιλ. με ἐξεπλ. om. VMnRbSa   |    ἐπλήρωσεν Pr   |    διά τ’ ἔντεα] διὰ τοὺς διένους καύτῶν κανστατην καὶ πολυδεύκην: τ’ ἔντεα Mn (app. conflated from a note like R’s at 465.16)

APP. CRIT. 2:   δία τ’ M   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,20–21; Dind. II.144,9–10

COMMENT:   This Homeric example was at first used to explain case usage with διά (as in sch. 103.15) but later was also cited for any use of the accusative in place of the genitive, as here and in Sch. Phoen. 350, Sch. Soph. Trach. 50.

KEYWORDS:  citation of Homer (with direct quotation)


Or. 462.05 (462–463) (rec exeg) πολλὰ δὲ φιλήματ’ ἐξέπλησε: πολλῶν με φιλημάτων ἐξεπλήρωσεν.  —O


Or. 462.06 (462–463) (pllgn exeg) ⟨πολλὰ δὲ φιλήματ’ ἐξέπλησε⟩: ἐξηριθμήσατο καὶ ἐπλήρωσε τὴν ἐπιθυμίαν.  —VMnRbSa

POSITION: cont. from 462.04 all

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.150,23


Or. 462.07 (462–463) (vet exeg) ἄλλως: ἀντὶ τοῦ τὴν ἐπιθυμίαν τῶν φιλημάτων εἰς ἐμὲ ἐτέλεσεν. —MBVCMnPrRbSSa

TRANSLATION:   Equivalent to ‘he fulfilled upon me his desire for kisses’.

LEMMA: BC, in marg. M, φιλήματ’ ἐξέπλη() V, φιλήματα Mn, φιλήματι Sa, φιλήματ() Rb      POSITION: s.l. Pr

APP. CRIT.:   τοῦ om. C   |    εἰς ἐμὲ transp. before τὴν ἐπιθ. VMnPrRbSSa   |    ἐτέλεσας Pr

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἐτέλεσε Sa   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,1; Dind. II.144,10–11


Or. 462.08 (pllgn exeg) ⟨πολλὰ δὲ φιλήματ’⟩: ἀντὶ τοῦ πολλῶν φιλημάτων  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 462.09 (462–463) (rec exeg) ⟨πολλὰ⟩: πολλῶν  —FGPrRfYZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἀντὶ τοῦ prep. Pr


Or. 463.01 (rec exeg) ⟨φιλήματ’⟩: φιλημάτων  —FGRf

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 463.02 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐξέπλησε⟩: ἐγέμισε  —V1

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 463.03 (recThom gloss) ⟨ἐξέπλησε⟩: ἐπλήρωσε  —Aa2FGRSarZZaZlZmZuTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. Zu

APP. CRIT. 2:   -σεν Ta (not T)   |


Or. 463.04 (rec gloss) ⟨ἐξέπλησε⟩: ἐξεπλήρωσε  —AbCrMnSOx

LEMMA: ἐξήπλωσε in text S      POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 463.05 (mosch gloss) ⟨ἐξέπλησε⟩: ἔδωκεν  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGrZcAa3Cr2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   -κε Aa3Cr2Zc   |


Or. 463.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐξέπλησε⟩: ἔπλησε  —Zb

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 463.07 (vet exeg) τὸν Ἀγαμέμνονος: 1ὡς περὶ ἑτέρου φησίν.  2ἀντὶ τοῦ εἰπεῖν περιφέρων ἐμὲ εἶπε τὸν Ἀγαμέμνονος, ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐμὲ, παῖδα ὄντα.  —MBCPr

TRANSLATION:   He speaks as if about someone else. Instead of saying ‘carrying me around’, he said ‘the son of Agamemnon’, meaning ‘me, being son (of Agamemnon)’.

LEMMA: M      POSITION: marg. C; cont. from 462.07 BPr, prep. τὸν Ἀγαμέμνονος παῖδα

APP. CRIT.:   1 ὡς περὶ] ὥσπερ Pr   |    ὡς om. MC   |    δέ add. before φη() BPr   |    2 τοῦ εἰπεῖν om. C   |    τὸν ἀγαμ. om. MC   |    second τοῦ om. C   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 εἶπεν BC   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,3–4; Dind. II.144,12–13


Or. 463.08 (rec paraphr) ⟨τὸν Ἀγαμέμνονος⟩: ὁ δὲ λόγος περιφέρων καὶ περιάγων ἐμέ.  —VMnRbSa

TRANSLATION:   The sense (with adjusted word order) is ‘bearing around and carrying around me’.

POSITION: cont. from 462.04 all

APP. CRIT. 2:   π(ερί)γων Rb   |


Or. 463.09 (rec exeg) ⟨τὸν Ἀγαμέμνονος⟩: σεμνύνεται ἐνταῦθα τῷ πατρικῷ.  —Pr

TRANSLATION:   He takes pride here in his father’s name.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 463.10 (rec gloss) ⟨τὸν Ἀγαμέμνονος⟩: ἐμὲ  —OV2F2G

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. V2


Or. 464.01 (rec gloss) ⟨παῖδ’⟩: ἐμὲ  —CrMnOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.02 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨παῖδ’⟩: τὸν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀγκάλαισι⟩: ἐν ταῖς  —Aa2F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.04 (rec gloss) ⟨περιφέρων⟩: περιάγων  —MnRS

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. MnR


Or. 464.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨περιφέρων⟩: κατέχων  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨περιφέρων⟩: καὶ περικρατῶν  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨περιφέρων⟩: βαστάζων  —F2Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.08 (rec gloss) ⟨περιφέρων⟩: ἐμὲ  —AbRXo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.09 (464–465) (mosch paraphr) Λήδᾳ θ’ ἅμα: καὶ ἅμα τῇ Λήδᾳ τιμῶντες με οὐδὲν ἔλαττον ἢ τοὺς Διοσκούρους, ἤγουν τὸν Κάστορα καὶ τὸν Πολυδεύκην.  —XXaXbXoT+YYfGGrCr2Ox

LEMMA: G      POSITION: s.l. (above 465) XaXbYGrCr2Ox

APP. CRIT.:  after οὐδὲν add. καὶ Cr2Ox (also high stop at οὐδὲν Ox)

APP. CRIT. 2:   λύδᾳ X   |

COMMENT:   The added καὶ in Cr results from Cr2 incorporating Cr’s καὶ ἔλαττον (465.11). Here it seems certain that Ox is derived directly or indirectly from Cr.


Or. 464.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Λήδᾳ θ’ ἅμα⟩: ἤγουν σὺν τῇ  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.11 (rec gloss) ⟨Λήδᾳ⟩: τῇ γυναικὶ αὐτοῦ  —MnRS

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.12 (thom gloss) ⟨Λήδᾳ⟩: τῇ αὐτοῦ γυναικί  —ZZaZbZlZmTGuXo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.13 (rec gloss) ⟨Λήδα⟩: ἡ γυνὴ αὐτοῦ  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.14 (pllgn exeg) ⟨Λήδα⟩: ἡ Λήδα ἦν γυνὴ τοῦ Τυνδάρεως ὡς μυθεύονται. ἐμοίχησε δὲ ταύτην ὁ Ζεύς. ἐξ ἧς ὁ μὲν Τυνδάρεως εἶχε τὴν Κλυταιμνήστραν μετὰ ταύτης, ὁ δὲ Ζεὺς ἐποίησε τὴν Ἑλένην καὶ τοὺς Διοσκούρους. εἰς χῆνα δὲ μεταβληθεῖσαν συνεγένετο μετ’ αὐτῆς ἐπεὶ καὶ ὠὸν ἀπέτεκεν ⟦αὐτὴν⟧, ἀφ’ οὗ ὁμοῦ ἐγένοντο οἱ Διόσκουροι.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   Leda was wife of Tyndareus, as they are said to be in the mythical story. Zeus committed adultery with her. And from her (Leda), Tyndareus had Clytemnestra with her, while Zeus begot Helen and the Dioscuri. And when she (Leda) had been changed into a goose he (Zeus) had intercourse with her, since she in fact gave birth to an egg, from which the Dioscuri were born together.

COMMENT:   It is possible that μυθεύονται is middle rather than passive: ‘as people tell the mythical story’.


Or. 464.15 (rec artGloss) ⟨Λήδᾳ⟩: τῇ  —AbF2B3d

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.16 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨Λήδα⟩:  —B3d

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   This later hand does not change the text reading λήδαι, but implies the alternative reading of the nominative; the same hand supplied the dative article in prev.


Or. 464.17 (tri metr) ⟨Λήδᾳ⟩: long mark over alpha  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 464.18 (pllgn gloss) ⟨θ’⟩: καὶ  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 464.19 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἅμα⟩: ὁμοῦ  —F2Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. Zu


Or. 465.01 (vet exeg) τιμῶντε μ’ οὐδὲν ἧσσον: 1τιμῶντές με οὐδὲν ἧττον ἢ τοὺς Διοσκόρους.  2Ἀττικὴ δὲ ἡ σύνταξις, ἀντὶ τοῦ οὐκ ἔλαττον τῶν Διοσκόρων.  —MBCPraPrb, partial MnRb

TRANSLATION:   Honoring me no less than (they honored) the Dioscuri. The syntax is Attic, used instead of ‘no less than the Dioscuri’ (i.e., with Dioscuri as genitive of comparison without ‘than’).

LEMMA: M, διοσκούρω MnRb      POSITION: intermarg. C, s.l. Prb; cont. from 463.07 BPra

APP. CRIT.:   1 τιμῶντες … διοσκόρους om. MnRb   |    τιμῶντές με οὐδὲν] τιμῶν με B, τιμῶν μὲν Pra, ἤτοι ἐμὲ παῖδα ὄντα τιμῶντες Prb   |    οὐδὲν] οὐχ B, οὐχ’ PraPrb   |    με] σε C   |    διοσκούρους PraPrb   |    2 δὲ om. MnRb   |    τοῦ om. C   |    διοσκόρων BC, διοσκούρων others   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   2 ὡσκ ἔλλαττον Mn, οὐχ’ ἔλαττον PraPrb (app. ἕλαττον a.c. Prb)   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,5–7; Dind. II.144,13–15

COLLATION NOTES:   In 1 Schw. reports τιμῶμεν for B (last line of 36r), but B certainly has τιμῶν and the suspended sign over the following mu is a compendious form of epsilon used elsewhere in B: while it is very similar to the suspended sign for εν, it is still distinguishable (compare εἶπ(εν) in the penultimate line of this page).   |

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικόν/Ἀττικῶς


Or. 465.02 (pllgn paraphr) οὐδέν ἔλαττον τῶν Διὸς κόρων  —O


Or. 465.03 (pllgn exeg) ⟨τιμῶντε⟩: ὁ Τυνδάρεως καὶ ἡ Λήδα  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.04 (rec gloss) ⟨τιμῶντε⟩: τιμῶντες  —AaK

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.05 (pllgn exeg) ⟨τιμῶντε⟩: δυϊκόν  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.06 (tri metr) ⟨τιμῶντε⟩: long mark over iota  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 465.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τιμῶν τ’⟩: ἀγαπῶν  —F2

LEMMA: in text ambig. τιμῶντ’/τιμῶν τ’ ἐμ’ F      POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨μ’⟩: τίνα  —Cr

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.09 (pllgn exeg) ⟨οὐδὲν … Διοσκόρω⟩: οὐδὲν ἔλαττον ἢ τοὺς Διοσκούρους Κάστορα καὶ Πολυδεύκην· ἡ ἀπόφασις ἔχει τὸ ἔλαττον τῆς καταφάσεως.  —G

TRANSLATION:   No less than the Dioscuri Castor and Polydeuces. The negative expression has the lesser (lesser force?) than the affirmative statement.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   διοσκόρους a.c. G   |

COMMENT:   The translation is uncertain. If the intended meaning is as interpreted here, why is it not simply ἔχει ἔλαττον?


Or. 465.10 (rec gloss) ⟨οὐδὲν ἧσσον⟩: ἐπίσης δὲ  —K

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἧσσον⟩: ἔλαττον  —CrF2Xo2ZcZlZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  οὐκ prep. F2Xo2, καὶ prep. CrZu


Or. 465.12 (thom exeg) ⟨ἢ Διοσκόρω⟩: Ἀττικὴ ἡ σύνταξις  —ZmGu

REF. SYMBOL: Zm      POSITION: marg. Zm, below line Gu (space above full)

APP. CRIT.:  σύνταξις ἀττικὴ (ἡ om.) transp. Gu

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικόν/Ἀττικῶς


Or. 465.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἢ Διοσκούρω⟩: τῶν Διοσκούρων  —Zc

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.14 (rec gloss) ⟨ἢ⟩: παρὸ  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.15 (thom exeg) ⟨Διοσκόρω⟩: 1ὁ Ζεὺς κύκνος γενόμενος καὶ συγγενόμενος Λήδᾳ τῇ Τυνδάρεω γυναικί, ἐποίησεν αὐτὴν δύο ὠὰ τεκεῖν, τὸ μὲν μονολέκυθον, τὸ δὲ διλέκυθον.  2καὶ ἐκ μὲν τοῦ ἕνα ἔχοντος λέκυθον γενέσθαι φασὶ τὴν Ἑλένην, ἐκ δὲ τοῦ δύο ἔχοντος Κάστορα καὶ Πολυδεύκην, οἳ παρ’ ἡμέραν ἔζων.  3τὸ δ’ αἴτιον τῆς τοιαύτης ζωῆς ἦν τοῦτο.  4ὅσον μὲν γὰρ ἦν ἐν τῷ διλεκύθῳ ὠῷ ἀπὸ τῆς Τυνδάρεω σπορᾶς, Κάστωρ ἔγένετο καὶ διὰ τοῦτο ἦν θνητός, ἅτε θνητοῦ υἱὸς τοῦ Τυνδάρεω.  5ὅσον δὲ ἀπὸ τῆς τοῦ Διὸς σπορᾶς, Πολυδεύκης ἐγένετο καὶ διὰ τοῦτο ἦν ἀθάνατος.  6μέλλοντος οὖν Κάστορος τελευτᾶν, ἐδεήθη Πολυδεύκης Διὸς ἵνα Κάστορα κοινωνὸν τῆς αὐτοῦ λάβῃ ἀθανασίας καὶ αὐτὸς συμμετάσχῃ τῆς ἐκείνου θνητότητος.  7διὰ ταῦτα οὖν παρ’ ἡμέραν ἔζων ἀμφότεροι, οὓς καὶ ἀλληγοροῦσιν εἰς ἡμέραν καὶ νύκτα.  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   Zeus, turning into a swan and having intercourse with Leda, the wife of Tyndareus, caused her to give birth to two eggs, one with a single yolk, the other with two yolks. And from the egg having a single yolk they say that Helen was born, but from the one with two, Castor and Polydeuces, who lived on alternate days. And the cause of such a form of life was this. For whatever in the two-yolked egg came from the semen of Tyndareus became Castor, and therefore he was mortal, since he was the son of a mortal, Tyndareus. But whatever came from the semen of Zeus became Polydeuces, and therefore he was immortal. So then, when Castor was about to die, Polydeuces begged Zeus that he be given Castor as the companion of his own immortality and that he himself share in Castor’s mortality. For this reason, then, both of them lived on alternate days. People also interpret them as an allegory of day and night.

LEMMA: in marg. ἱστορία περὶ τῶν διοσκούρων T      REF. SYMBOL: all

APP. CRIT.:   1 ὁ om. Zl   |    τοῦ add. before τυνδ. Gu   |    τυνδάρεως Za   |    after μονολέκυθον add. τουτέστι μονό[ ] Zl (trimmed margin]   |    2 ἕνα] ἑνὸς Zb, app. Zl   |    ἔχοντος λέκυθον] [μο]νολεκύθου Zl   |    φησὶν Zb   |    4 τυνδάρεως Za   |    καὶ add. before θνητὸς Zl   |    τοῦ om. Zb   |    6 after κοινωνὸν add. αὐτοῦ Zb   |    λάβη τῆς αὐτοῦ ἀθαν. transp. Zl   |    7 οὖν om. Zb

APP. CRIT. 2:   3 δὲ Zl   |    4 κάστορ Zb, corr. s.l.   |    7 ἀληγορ. Gu   |    νύκταν a.c. Zb   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.144,17–145,5

COMMENT:   I have found no other source for the idea of the single-yolked and double-yolked eggs, which is perhaps Thomas’ own clever detail.   |   Dind. notes here that λεκυθ‑ for λεκιθ‑ is ‘frequens in libris scriptura’, and see also the evidence in Thes. Graecae Linguae s.v. λέκιθος (col. 178). Since the manuscripts cited here are unanimous in using the form in upsilon, this was clearly how Thomas and his circles believed it should be spelled, and I do not change it. The compounds μονο‑ and διλέκυθος are not attested elsewhere.

KEYWORDS:  rare word   |   allegory


Or. 465.16 (rec exeg) ⟨Διοσκόρω⟩: τοὺς δύο υἱοὺς αὐτῶν Κάστορα καὶ Πολυδεύκην  —R

POSITION: s.l.

COMMENT:   See also the app. at 462.04 for a corrupt version of this conflated into that note in Mn.


Or. 465.17 (thom exeg) ⟨Διοσκόρω⟩: τὸν Κάστορα καὶ τὸν Πολυδεύκην  —ZZaZlZmT

TRANSLATION:  (‘Dioskorō’ are) Castor and Polydeuces.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  second τὸν om. ZZl


Or. 465.18 (rec gloss) ⟨Διοσκόρω⟩: Διοσκόρους  —AaFPrRf

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τοὺς διοσκούρους Pr, (διοσκόρ)ους AaFRf (F treats this as a correction, crossing out omega)


Or. 465.19 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨Διοσκόρω⟩: τὼ  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 465.20 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Διοσκόρους⟩: τοὺς  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 466.01 (466–467) (pllgn exeg) τοῖς φιλήμασιν ἀπέδωκεν οὐ καλὰς ἀμοιβάς· εἶτα ‘ὦ τάλαινα καρδία’.  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 466.02 (recThom exeg) ⟨οἷς⟩: τῷ Τυνδάρεω καὶ τῇ Λήδᾳ  —V2/3AbKPrZZaZbZlZmZuTGuXo2

TRANSLATION:  (‘To whom’, namely,) Tyndareus and Leda.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. PrXo2Zu, τουτέστι app. prep. K   |    τῷ om. V2/3Ab   |    τῆς λήδας Zu, τῆ ἑλένη Pr   |    τῇ om. Ab   |


Or. 466.03 (pllgn exeg) ⟨οἷς⟩: ἤγουν ὁ Τυνδάρεως καὶ ἡ Λήδα  —AaMnRSSar

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ὁ om. MnRS   |    καὶ ἡ om. R, ἡ om. MnS   |    λήδας S


Or. 466.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἷς⟩: οἷστισι  —AaZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. Zu


Or. 466.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨οἷς⟩: καὶ διότι  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 466.06 (rec gloss) ⟨οἷς⟩: ἀγαθοῖς  —M2

POSITION: marg.


Or. 466.07 (pllgn exeg) ⟨ὦ τάλαινα καρδία⟩: διὰ μέσου —Zu

POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  διὰ μέσου


Or. 466.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τάλαινα⟩: ἀθλία  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 466.09 (rec gloss) ⟨καρδία⟩: λείπει ἀθλία.  —Pr

LEMMA: τάλαινα ψυχὴ καρδία τ’ ἐμή in text Pr      POSITION: s.l.

KEYWORDS:  λείπει


Or. 467.01 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπέδωκ’⟩: ἀπέτισα  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀπέδωκ’⟩: ἀνταπέδωκα  —F2ZmZu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.03 (thom exeg) ⟨ἀμοιβὰς οὐ καλάς⟩: ἔκτεινα γὰρ τὴν αὐτῶν θυγατέρα  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

TRANSLATION:   (A return that was not fine) because I killed their daughter.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  αὐτοῦ Zl

APP. CRIT. 2:   θυγατέραν Zb   |


Or. 467.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀμοιβὰς⟩: ἀνταλλαγὰς  —Zm

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.05 (thom gloss) ⟨ἀμοιβὰς⟩: ἀντιδόσεις  —ZmGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀμοιβὰς⟩: καὶ ἀνταποδόσεις  —CrOc

POSITION: s.l., above ἀπέδωκ’ both

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἀνταποδώσεις CrOx   |


Or. 467.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἀμοιβὰς⟩: χάριτας  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.08 (vet exeg) ⟨τίνα σκότον λάβω⟩: λείπει ἵνα μὴ ὁρῶμαι ὑπ’ αὐτοῦ. —MOVCPrV3Y2

TRANSLATION:   One must supply ‘in order that I not be seen by him’.

POSITION: s.l. (above 468 λάβω M, above 467 C, above end of 469 V, cont. from 468.06 Pr) except marg. OV3Y2 (beside 467 V3, beside 468–469 OY2

APP. CRIT.:   λείπει MC, om. others   |

APP. CRIT. 2:   αὐτάς C   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,11; Dind. II.145,7 app.

COMMENT:   With the inclusion of λείπει (as in MC) this remark fits betters with τίνα σκότον λάβω than with 469 γέροντος ὀμμάτων φεύγων κόρας. But when the phrase is divorced from λείπει, it fits the latter very well, as the position in other witnesses suggests. I have left the alternative version of this in BPr as part of 468.07 on the supposition that someone has consciously adapted it to paraphrase 469.

KEYWORDS:  λείπει


Or. 467.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨τίνα⟩: ποῖον  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σκότον⟩: ἀφάνειαν  —V3

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.11 (recThom gloss) ⟨σκότον⟩: ἀορασίαν  —CrSarOxZmGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 467.12 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σκότον⟩: κάλυμμα  —Aa

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.13 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σκότον⟩: σκοτασμόν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.14 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σκότον⟩: ἀποκρυφὴν  —Xo

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 467.15 (pllgn gloss) ⟨σκότον⟩: καὶ ἀποκρυβὴν  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 468.01 (rec gloss) ⟨λάβω⟩: περιβάλλομαι  —O

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 468.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨λάβω⟩: λήψομαι  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 468.03 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨λάβω⟩: πῶς συγκαλύψω ἐμαυτόν  —Gu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 468.04 (rec gloss) ⟨προσώπῳ⟩: ἐν  —GKPrXo2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τῶ add. Pr


Or. 468.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨προσώπῳ⟩: τῷ ἐμῷ  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 468.06 (vet exeg) ποῖον ἐπίπροσθεν νέφος: ποίαν Ἄϊδος κυνέην ἢ ποῖον νέφος προβάλωμαι; —MPr

TRANSLATION:   What helmet of Hades (helmet of invisibility) or what cloud am I to put before me as protection?

LEMMA: M(ἐπίπροσθε)      REF. SYMBOL: M      POSITION: s.l. Pr, starting above 467 τίνα σκότον, cont. over 468

APP. CRIT.:   ἢ om. Pr   |    προβάλωμαι] Arsenius, προβάλλομαι Pr, προσβάλλομαι M,

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,8–9; Dind. II.145,6–7


Or. 468.07 (vet paraphr) ποῖον ἐπίπροσθεν νέφος: ποίαν Ἄϊδος κυνέην ἢ ποῖον νέφος προβάλωμαι ἵνα μὴ ὁρῶμαι ὑπὸ τοῦ γέροντος;  —BPr

TRANSLATION:   What helmet of Hades (helmet of invisibility) or what cloud am I to put before me as protection, in order that I not be seen by the old man?

LEMMA: Pr(ἐπίπροσθε)      POSITION: marg. B

APP. CRIT.:  προβάλωμαι] Arsenius, προβάλλομαι BPr

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,11 app.; Dind. II.145,6–7

COMMENT:   See on 467.08.


Or. 468.08 (rec exeg) ⟨ἐπίπροσθεν⟩: ἔμπροσθεν τοῦ προσώπου  —MnXo2GuZl

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  τοῦ προσώπου om. Xo2   |    μου add. Mn


Or. 468.09 (thom gloss) ⟨νέφος⟩: ἀχλύν  —ZZbZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. Zm

APP. CRIT. 2:   ἀχλήν Zb   |


Or. 468.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨νέφος⟩: κάλυμμα  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 468.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨νέφος⟩: καὶ περικάλυμμα  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   -κάλλυμα Ox   |


Or. 468.12 (pllgn exeg) ⟨νέφος⟩: ἐπὶ κακὸν λαμβάνεται.  —Y2

TRANSLATION:   The word (‘nephos’, ‘cloud’) is applied in a pejorative sense.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.01 (vet paraphr) ⟨θῶμαι⟩: ἐν προσώπῳ θῶμαι  —MC

TRANSLATION:   Am I to place before my face.

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  θεῶμαι C

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,10; Dind. II.145,8


Or. 469.02 (pllgn gloss) ⟨θῶμαι⟩: θήσω  —CrXo2ZmZuOx

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 469.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨θῶμαι⟩: ἐπιθῶ  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.04 (rec exeg) ⟨γέροντος ὀμμάτων φεύγων κόρας⟩: παρόσον οἱ γέροντες μελαγχολικοὶ εἰσὶν  —Pr

TRANSLATION:   Inasmuch as old men are irrascible.

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.05 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨γέροντος ὀμμάτων φεύγων κόρας⟩: ἤγουν μὴ ὁρῶμαι ὑπὸ τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν αὐτοῦ  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.06 (pllgn paraphr) ⟨γέροντος ὀμμάτων φεύγων κόρας⟩: φεύγων θεαθῆναι ὑπ’ αὐτοῦ  —Lb

POSITION: s.l.

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.145,9


Or. 469.07 (rec artGloss) ⟨γέροντος⟩: τοῦ  —AbF2Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.08 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ὀμμάτων⟩: τῶν ἐμῶν  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.09 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨ὀμμάτων⟩: τῶν  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.10 (pllgn gloss) ⟨φεύγων⟩: ἀποδιδράσκων  —Zb2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨κόρας⟩: τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς  —CrOxXo2

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. CrOx


Or. 469.12 (rec artGloss) ⟨κόρας⟩: τὰς  —AbF2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 469.13 (tri metr) paragraphos  —T

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  de Fav. 54


Or. 470.01 (vet exeg) ποῦ ποῦ θυγατρὸς: οὐκ ἐπιζητεῖ τὴν Ἑλένην δυσαρεστῶν τοῖς πεπραγμένοις αὐτῇ. —MBOPr

TRANSLATION:   He does not seek Helen (but rather asks for Menelaus) because he is displeased at what she has done.

LEMMA: BPr      REF. SYMBOL: B      POSITION: s.l. M

APP. CRIT.:   τὴν om. M   |    πεπραγμένοις] πραχθεῖσιν O

APP. CRIT. 2:   αὐτῇ] αὐτή M [O]   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,12; Dind. II.145,14–15


Or. 470.02 (rec exeg) ποῦ ποῦ θυγατρὸς: οὐκ ἐπιζητεῖ τὴν Ἑλένην Τυνδάρεως δυσαρεστῶν οἷ’ ἔπραξεν αὐτή. —VRbRwSSa

TRANSLATION:   Tyndareus does not seek Helen because he is displeased at the sorts of things she herself did.

LEMMA: VRw, ποῦ ποῦ RbSSa      REF. SYMBOL: VRbSa

APP. CRIT.:   ὁ τυνδ. SSa   |    οἷ’] οἷς Rw   |    αὐτή] αὐτὴ ἡ ἑλένη SSa, αὐτῆ VRb, αὐτούς Rw

APP. CRIT. 2:   οἷα SSa   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151, app. 12; Dind. II.145,14 app.


Or. 470.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨θυγατρός⟩: τῆς Ἑλένης  —CrOxGu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  ἤγουν prep. CrOx


Or. 470.04 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨θυγατρός⟩: τῆς  —F2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 470.05 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἴδω⟩: ἵνα  —V2/3Gu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT. 2:   να V2/3   |


Or. 470.06 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἴδω⟩: ὄψομαι  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 470.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἴδω⟩: καὶ θεάσομαι  —CrOx

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 470.08 (rec gloss) ⟨πόσιν⟩: τὸν ἄνδρα  —CrF2Rf2OxXo2ZlZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrZuOx   |    τὸν om. Rf2Zl   |    ἄνδραν Rf2


Or. 470.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨πόσιν⟩: ὄντα  —G

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 470.10 (rec artGloss) ⟨πόσιν⟩: τὸν  —Ab

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 471.01 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨Μενέλαον⟩: τὸν  —Ab2CrF2OxXo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 471.02 (tri metr) ⟨Μενέλαον⟩: long mark over alpha  —T


Or. 471.03 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἐπὶ γὰρ⟩: ἀπελθὼν  —RwrXo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 471.04 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Κλυταιμνήστρας⟩: τῆς ἐμῆς θυγατρὸς  —Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 471.05 (pllgn artGloss) ⟨Κλυταιμνήστρας⟩: τῆς  —F2Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.01 (vet exeg) χοὰς χεόμενος: 1εὐοικονομήτως ἐποίησε τὸν Τυνδάρεων ἀπὸ τῆς Σπάρτης διὰ τὰς χοὰς τῆς θυγατρὸς ἐληλυθέναι,  2ἵνα εὐκαίρως τῷ Μενελάῳ καὶ τῷ Ὀρέστῃ διαλεχθῇ.  —MBCPr

TRANSLATION:   With skillful arrangement of the plot he (the poet) represented Tyndareus as having come from Sparta because of the libations for his daughter, in order that he may opportunely converse with Menelaus and Orestes.

LEMMA: M(χεύμενος)      REF. SYMBOL: M      POSITION: cont. from 470.01, add. δὲ, BPr

APP. CRIT.:   1 τὸν om. C    |    2 καὶ μεν. καὶ ὀρέστη Pr   |    at end add. μενέλαον καὶ ἑλένην C

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 ἐποίησεν M   |   2 ἵν’ Pr   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,14–16; Dind. II.145,15–17

COMMENT:   See Nünlist 27–28.

KEYWORDS:  οἰκονομία


Or. 472.02 (rec exeg) 1οἰκονομικῶς δὲ ἀπὸ τῆς Σπάρτης ποιεῖται τὸν Τυνδάρεων προσεληλυθότα  2ἵνα χοὰς τῇ Κλυταιμνήστρᾳ προσαγάγῃ καὶ συντύχῃ Μενελάῳ καὶ Ὀρέστῃ.  —VRbRwSSa

TRANSLATION:   With skillful arrangement he (the poet) represents Tyndareus as having come from Sparta in order that he bring libations for Clytemnestra and cross paths with Menelaus and Orestes.

POSITION: cont. from 470.02 all

APP. CRIT.:   1 ἐληλυθότα VRw   |    τὸν] τῶν Rb   |    2 προσαγάγη] om. V, ἐπιχέη Rw   |    first καὶ om. Rw   |    συντύχημα καὶ ὀρέ() V, συντύχη· ἅμα δὲ καὶ ὀρέ() Rw

APP. CRIT. 2:   1 τυνδάρεω V, τυνδ()ρ() S   |   2 συντύχει S   |

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,14–16 app.; Dind. II.145,14 app.

KEYWORDS:  οἰκονομία


Or. 472.03 (rec exeg) ⟨χοὰς χεόμενος⟩: εἰς Ἄργος ἀπὸ τῆς Σπάρτης ἐλθὼν  —O

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.04 (recThom rhet) ⟨χοὰς χεόμενος⟩: τρόπος ἐτυμολογικός  —V2GKZmGu

TRANSLATION:   Figura etymologica.

POSITION: s.l. except marg. K

APP. CRIT.:  ἐτυμ. τρόπος transp. K   |    ἐτυμολογίας G

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Dind. II.145,18

KEYWORDS:  figura etymologica


Or. 472.05 (rec exeg) ⟨χοὰς χεόμενος⟩: Ἀττικῶς  —Pr

POSITION: marg.

COMMENT:   Either this note treats the figura etymologica as ‘Attic’, in the sense ‘literary’ or ‘stylistically artful’; or the note refers to the rare use of the χεόμενος with a future sense.

KEYWORDS:  Ἀττικόν/Ἀττικῶς   |   figura etymologica


Or. 472.06 (rec gloss) ⟨χοὰς⟩: θυσίας  —M2CrF2OxXo2Zb2Zu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOxXo


Or. 472.07 (pllgn gloss) ⟨χοὰς⟩: σπονδὰς  —Y2Zl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.08 (rec gloss) ⟨χεόμενος⟩: χέων  —AaKMnPrSZmZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:  καὶ prep. Pr, ἀντὶ τοῦ prep. Aa   |    ἐγώ add. Zu


Or. 472.09 (pllgn gloss) ⟨χεόμενος⟩: ἐκχέων ἢ ἐκχύσας  —Xo2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.10 (rec gloss) ⟨ἔκλυον⟩: ἤκουον  —AbRSZl

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.11 (pllgn gloss) ⟨ἔκλυον⟩: ἤκουσα  —Aa3CrF2GOxXo2Zb2Gu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. CrOx


Or. 472.12 (rec gloss) ⟨ὡς εἰς Ναυπλίαν⟩: Μενέλαος  —Ab2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.13 (recMosch gloss) ⟨ὡς⟩: ὅτι  —Aa3Cr2FMnRSSarXXaXbXoTYYfGGrZb2ZmZu

POSITION: s.l.

APP. CRIT.:   καὶ prep. Zu


Or. 472.14 (vet gloss) ⟨εἰς Ναυπλίαν⟩: εἰς τὸ Ἄργος  —MBVCPr

POSITION: s.l. except marg. MB; above χοὰς C

APP. CRIT.:  ἄργος] ὄρος Pr

PREVIOUS EDITIONS:  Schw. I.151,17; Dind. II.145,18 (misread or misprinted)


Or. 472.15 (rec gloss) ⟨Ναυπλίαν⟩: λιμ(ήν)(?)  —M2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.16 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Ναυπλίαν⟩: ὄνομα λιμένος  —Y2

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.17 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Ναυπλίαν⟩: γῆν δηλονότι  —Aa3F

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.18 (thom gloss) ⟨Ναυπλίαν⟩: χθόνα  —ZZaZbZlZmTGu

POSITION: s.l.


Or. 472.19 (pllgn gloss) ⟨Ναυπλίαν⟩: τόπος  —Zu

POSITION: s.l.