5 Unit 14: Memorabilia I.1.1-3

In this passage, Xenophon describes the charges raised against Socrates, his former teacher. There were three charges specified by Socrates’ accusers and Xenophon lists them and begins to debunk the first two of the charges.


πολλάκις ἐθαύμασα· πῶς ποτε τοὺς Ἀθηναίους ἔπεισαν οἱ γραψάμενοι Σωκράτη; ἡ γὰρ γραφὴ κατ᾽ αὐτοῦ ἥδε ἦν· ἀδικεῖ Σωκράτης τοὺς μὲν θεοὺς οὓς ἡ πόλις νομίζει οὐ νομίζων, ἑτέρους δὲ δαίμονας εἰσφέρων· ἀδικεῖ δὲ καὶ τοὺς νέους διαφθείρων.

πολλάκις: often
θαυμάζω: to wonder
ἦν = 3rd sg imperf ind act of εἰμί: to be
νομίζω: to believe (in)
εἰσφέρω: to bring in, introduce
διαφθείρω: to corrupt


πρῶτον μὲν οὖν τοὺς θεούς ἐνόμιζεν οὓς ἡ πόλις νομίζει. θύων γὰρ οὐκ ἔλαθεν πολλάκις μὲν ἐν τῇ οἰκίᾳ, πολλάκις δὲ ἐπὶ τῶν κοινῶν τῆς πόλεως βωμῶν. καὶ δὴ Σωκράτης ὑπό τοῦ δαιμονίου ἀγόμενος ἔχαιρεν. καὶ ἐκ τούτου ᾐτιῶντο αὐτὸν ἑτέρους δαίμονας εἰσφέρειν.

πρῶτον (adv.): first
βωμός, -οῦ (ὁ): a (raised) platform [in the agora; used for public speaking/sacrifices]
δαιμόνιον, -ου (τό): a (personal) deity
αἰτιόμαι: to accuse someone (acc.) of doing something (inf.)


ἀλλὰ τῷ αὐτῷ τρόπῳ οἱ μαντικὴν νομίζοντες οἰωνοῖς τε ὑπακούουσι καὶ θυσίαις. οἱ γὰρ θεοὶ διὰ τούτων σημαίνουσιν, ἐκεῖνος δὲ καὶ οὕτως ἐνόμιζεν.

μαντική, -ῆς (ἡ): prophecy
οἰωνός, -οῦ: a bird sign, augury
σημαίνω: to give a sign



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